Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 189 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Water Flowing - Needs Attention

Last Checkup: 06/06/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Kitulu Community is a rural area where people practice agriculture on a small scale. Almost every home has at least one cow, and people are seen moving around to get animal feed and work on farms. Noises of livestock and other animals mooing and calling fills the air. Water vending is also a thriving business in this area, wherein people charge a fee to find water for others.

A normal day is full of activities like fetching water, selling goods in the marketplace, working on the farms, and feeding animals. People wake up as early as 5 am to start milking cows and for children prepare to go to school, and everyone is always asleep by 10 pm.

Most community members have fixed gutters on their roofs to help harvest rainwater that is collected in buckets and then carried into the house. But when there are no rains, community members must fetch water from the unprotected spring. The containers used to harvest rainwater are so small that even if it rains people are still seen going to fetch water from Kiduve Spring the following day.

Kiduve Spring has bubbled to the surface where people wade into the water and dunk their containers until full. All rubbish from the environment is swept into this open spring and the community members do not handle that water properly as they should. Drinking this dirty water results in waterborne illnesses like typhoid that are expensive for these farmers to treat.

"Our biggest problem is the shortage of safe, clean, and adequate water. We have suffered various types of waterborne diseases such as diarrhea cases from time to time. We request [you] to help us get access to safe water to help our community evade diseases spread through the unsafe water that we have been taking," said Mr. Fanson.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Kiduve Spring serves homes in this community and also traders at Bukuga Market Center. Many water vendors make a living by coming here to fetch water that they sell in Bukuga market. People from neighboring villages come here to draw water during the dry season when the springs in their own villages dry up.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.


"I must confess that we are very poor in sanitation and hygiene. There is a need for change in our community so that we start living in a clean environment for our own good," said Mr. Evance.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Latrines are poorly built and rarely cleaned, and some households don't even have one. Latrines are not cleaned often because they're made of mud and wood. If the floors get wet they may rot and put the user in danger of falling through to the pit.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates

March, 2020: Kitulu Community, Kiduve Spring Project Complete!

Kitulu Community now has access to clean water! Kiduve Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, constructed 5 sanitation platforms for different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Kids enjoying the flowing spring water

"For a long time now, we have been drawing water from an unprotected spring and this has always put our health at risk. We thank God for having chosen us as one of the beneficiaries of this project. As a community, we will from today access clean, safe, and sufficient water from our spring at any given time of need," said Sheila Mugera, a local businessperson.

Enjoying clean water from the newly protected spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, and women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help with the manual labor, too.

The Process

First, the spring area was cleared and excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Artisan marks the first brickwork

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Cement work on the stairs and walls

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. Then soil was layered on top of the tarp so that community members could transplant grass to prevent erosion.

Adding clay against headwall and stone backfill

Finally, the collection area was fenced in. The only challenges experienced throughout the entire construction process were an early shortage of large stones for backfilling and also heavy rains which slowed the process. Eventually, however, both hurdles were overcome and all work was completed.

Planting grass over spring box as clean water begins to flow


It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Thumbs up for bringing clean water home

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

A pupil poses with her family's new sanitation slab

New Knowledge

Community member Sheila Mugera, the Community Health Volunteer, helped organize the training in coordination with our team. Together we found the community’s preferred date for training while considering other events in the community calendar such as the agricultural season and expected gatherings. When the day arrived, Facilitators Samuel Simidi and Victor Musemi deployed to the site.

13 people attended training, included local leaders from the community and government. We had anticipated a total of 25 participants for the training considering the village's high population, but this did not happen as the community ended up having a funeral on the same day, so many people were engaged there instead. A cold morning would be perfect for someone to describe the weather of the training day in Kitulu village. Upon arrival, we were well received by the community members who anxiously were waiting. The environment was conducive for training as it was convenient for all members and it was spacious for the entire process. Participants present had the zeal to learn as they willingly promised to attend. The entire training was engaging as both the facilitators and the participants actively involved themselves in every session.

Participants use illustrative posters to spark discussion and lead activities

We covered several topics including community participation in the project; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring and sanitation platforms; dental hygiene; the 10 steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. While discussing proper care of the spring, it was a surprise to the participants to hear that the spring should be cleaned daily and that it should remain spotless to ensure the most hygienic environment for fetching water. During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the leaders of the newly formed water user committee.

Trainer Samuel demonstrates the 10 steps of handwashing

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that can be used to start both a community savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring, as well as a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop their own small businesses.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Sub-Chief Reuben Amuyunzu

"The training has been enriching to us and we believe that there will be a general improvement in the hygiene and sanitation standards of our members," said Sub-Chief Reuben Amuyunzu.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

February, 2020: Kitulu Community, Kiduve Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Kiduve Spring is making people in Kitulu sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Kitulu Community, Kiduve Spring

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kitulu Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Enock. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kitulu Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kitulu Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

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"We used to stay at the spring for so long before getting water because anytime we found it dirty, we had to wait for it to settle first. Adults used to mistreat us since they believed that it was their right to collect water before young children."

"Therefore, even when in a queue expecting to get water, adults used to come later and hijack our spot and this used to sadden us."

"Right now, we do not wait for the water to settle as it is clean throughout. There is order at the spring when we go to fetch water."

"Spring users agreed that collecting water would be on a basis of first come, first served. This has created peace for everyone and made the fetching activity enjoyable."

"I do not fall sick often and this has helped me get ample time to concentrate on my academics. I believe it is the reason my performance really improved in the 2019 year-end examinations."

Enock and community member Sheila at the spring

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kitulu Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kitulu Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.