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The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Thumbs Up For Sanitation Platforms
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owner
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owner
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Pandas Like Clean Water Too
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Smiles And Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Enjoying The Clean Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Community Celebrating The New Spring
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Girls At The Spring
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Water Is Always So Heavy
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Happy Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Ready To Go Home
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Happy Fetching Clean Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Happy Fetching Clean Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Completed Kasit Spring
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Training Complete
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Say Ah Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Attentive Participants
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Communtiy Member Answers A Question
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  On Site Training
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Sanitation Platform Measurements
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Fencing The Spring Box
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Backfilling With Plastic Tarp Added Clean Water Begins To Flow
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Stones In Place For Backfilling
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Plaster Work And Rub Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Inscribing The Plaster
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Two Discharge Pipes And Tiles Set
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Cementing And Plastering Continue
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Stair Construction
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Spring Begins To Take Shape
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Rub Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Construction Continues
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Community Members Help Mix Concrete
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Community Members Helping Out
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Brick Setting Begins
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Adding Concrete To The Foundation
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Foundation Setting
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Excavation Begins
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Inside Of Latrine
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Peter Kasiala Kasit
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Grace Kasiala
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Little Girl Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Washing A Pot
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Using Spring Water To Wash Utensils
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Using Spring Water To Wash Utensils
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Arrowroot Growing By The Spring
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring -  Maize Farm

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 161 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



There’s no water at home for 161 people living in Sasala Village. Instead, people have to leave their homes and walk to Kasit Spring. But Kasit Spring doesn’t even provide clean water; it has pooled to the surface and sits open to contamination from humans, animals, and the elements. Though dirty, Kasit Spring still attracts many people because it outlasts the driest months of the year.

“If the spring is protected it will guarantee us clean and safe water because when it rains, the water becomes dirty and changes color. It’s very risky and uncomfortable to send small children to fetch water because the place is open and they can easily fall inside the water,” said Mr. Kasiala.

“Protecting the spring will reduce the cases of typhoid because we will be accessing clean water which is not contaminated.”

Sasala Village is loud because it’s close to the main road where vehicles and people are passing all the time. The area is lush and green because the community members practice farming of sugarcane and maize. Sugarcane is sold to the West Kenya Sugar Company, they sell maize, and they sell arrowroots and bananas in the interim. Many young men have decided to do motorbike taxiing because it earns them decent income.

The community comes together during bullfighting events because they own a bull called Messy that participates. The community gathers together to cheer on the bull during fighting day and they are all so proud of Messy.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

We will protect the spring to ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Training

“Many of the people in our community don’t see the need of having a bathroom or a compost pit because dropping garbage in the farms is believed to be natural manure to the farm. Many of the community members take baths at the back of their houses at night and that’s why many of them have no bathrooms. If [you] will be able to train and educate our community members on sanitation and hygiene, especially insisting on having toilets, bathrooms, and garbage pits – that will really help,” said Mrs. Kasiala.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

There are very few latrines in Sasala Community. The latrines we observed are made of mud which is difficult to clean with water. Those who don’t have a latrine are allowed to share with their neighbors.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


10/29/2019: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring Project Complete!

Sasala Community now has access to clean water! Kasit Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Protecting Kasit Spring is of great impact to the Sasala community members in all spheres of life. Through this project, community members have seen how the spirit of teamwork can be harnessed to achieve a desired common goal. People in this community will be able to save money to some extent that at times would otherwise be diverted to treat unnecessary waterborne diseases.

This project will generally promote a healthier society and members of this community are so grateful for the project. They expressed their hope that our organization would continue to expand assistance to more communities so that they too can access safe and clean drinking water.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Community members assist artisan with brickwork

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Cementing and plastering continue

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. There were no challenges to the construction process, as it was a good community to work with. They cooperated so well and this contributed to the success of the project without delays since the 2 parties worked hand in hand.

Community members celebrate the newly completed spring

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

“I want to take this opportunity to appreciate [your team] for this project,” said Tekla Mmasi, a 23-year-old student in her village.

“We have been drinking water that is neither safe nor clean for decades and at times we got waterborne diseases that cost us lots of cash to treat. We are now glad that the water is safe and clean for human consumption and contracting unnecessary diseases will be a thing of the past.”

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed.

Proud new sanitation platform owner

These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

Mr. Peter Kasiti, a farmer and local leader within his community, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

Some 20 people attended training, which was more than we expected. This was because, at the time of the participants’  arrival, the rain started to fall immediately and we thought the community members would not turn up for the training. But, we were happy to be wrong and welcomed the participants. Training started inside in a local church in preparation for the rain, but we ended up moving our chairs outside for better air and light once the skies cleared.

The attendees were so active during the session, even including the children. A majority could ask questions to get more clarification on different topics that were handled by different facilitators. This was so interesting and it was a clear indication that they were all eager to learn.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Training participants look on with smiles during a handwashing demonstration from their neighbor

The operation and maintenance of the spring was a topic that got the attention of many community members since it was so interactive since the facilitator asked questions that could prompt them to respond. They suggested ways that would enable them to care for the spring.

One activity that took place during this session was planting grass to avoid soil er0sion. Another one was fencing that the community members supported after the training. This was so nice to see a spirit of teamwork among them. Planting of grass and fencing at times become challenging on some sites but for this one, it became so easy to do it through their excellent teamwork.

On-site training

When hygiene and health promotion was handled, the facilitator explained what every person should do to lead a healthy life. She demonstrated the new way to brush their teeth and a volunteer was asked to demonstrate how they normally do it. Interestingly, a young girl about 10 years of age came up and did it. The attendees were also asked to demonstrate how they wash their hands and thereafter they were shown the new method to wash hands. This made the session so lively.

Say “Ah!” Dental hygiene training and toothbrushing demonstration

“The new water point is so nice and we are assured of our health as a community. Thank you so much, you have been a blessing to us,” said Mr. Kasiti.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 34-kenya19151-community-celebrating-the-new-spring


10/09/2019: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Kasit Spring is making people in Sasala Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 5-kenya19151-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Team Sue