Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 161 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 02/02/2024

Project Features

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There's no water at home for 161 people living in Sasala Village. Instead, people have to leave their homes and walk to Kasit Spring. But Kasit Spring doesn't even provide clean water; it has pooled to the surface and sits open to contamination from humans, animals, and the elements. Though dirty, Kasit Spring still attracts many people because it outlasts the driest months of the year.

"If the spring is protected it will guarantee us clean and safe water because when it rains, the water becomes dirty and changes color. It's very risky and uncomfortable to send small children to fetch water because the place is open and they can easily fall inside the water," said Mr. Kasiala.

"Protecting the spring will reduce the cases of typhoid because we will be accessing clean water which is not contaminated."

Sasala Village is loud because it's close to the main road where vehicles and people are passing all the time. The area is lush and green because the community members practice farming of sugarcane and maize. Sugarcane is sold to the West Kenya Sugar Company, they sell maize, and they sell arrowroots and bananas in the interim. Many young men have decided to do motorbike taxiing because it earns them decent income.

The community comes together during bullfighting events because they own a bull called Messy that participates. The community gathers together to cheer on the bull during fighting day and they are all so proud of Messy.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

We will protect the spring to ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.


"Many of the people in our community don't see the need of having a bathroom or a compost pit because dropping garbage in the farms is believed to be natural manure to the farm. Many of the community members take baths at the back of their houses at night and that's why many of them have no bathrooms. If [you] will be able to train and educate our community members on sanitation and hygiene, especially insisting on having toilets, bathrooms, and garbage pits - that will really help," said Mrs. Kasiala.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

There are very few latrines in Sasala Community. The latrines we observed are made of mud which is difficult to clean with water. Those who don't have a latrine are allowed to share with their neighbors.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates

July, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Sasala Community, Kasit Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Distributing COVID-19 informational pamphlets

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Sasala, Kenya.

Filling the handwashing station with clean water for use

We trained more than 30 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Handwashing demonstration

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Practicing the handwashing steps

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.


During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Social distancing check

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Mask sewing session

"We have heard a lot of contradicting information about Coronavirus that left us confused, so we are grateful for this training we have received today," said spring landowner Mr. Kasit in his closing remarks at the training

"We are now enlightened and we got the privilege to ask questions and share our concerns. Thank you to your trainers for responding to our many questions and concerns and you gave us responses that were satisfactory,’ he added.

The completed sample mask

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

The training group poses with their pamphlets at the end of the day

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

October, 2019: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring Project Complete!

Sasala Community now has access to clean water! Kasit Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Protecting Kasit Spring is of great impact to the Sasala community members in all spheres of life. Through this project, community members have seen how the spirit of teamwork can be harnessed to achieve a desired common goal. People in this community will be able to save money to some extent that at times would otherwise be diverted to treat unnecessary waterborne diseases.

This project will generally promote a healthier society and members of this community are so grateful for the project. They expressed their hope that our organization would continue to expand assistance to more communities so that they too can access safe and clean drinking water.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Community members assist artisan with brickwork

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Cementing and plastering continue

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. There were no challenges to the construction process, as it was a good community to work with. They cooperated so well and this contributed to the success of the project without delays since the 2 parties worked hand in hand.

Community members celebrate the newly completed spring

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

"I want to take this opportunity to appreciate [your team] for this project," said Tekla Mmasi, a 23-year-old student in her village.

"We have been drinking water that is neither safe nor clean for decades and at times we got waterborne diseases that cost us lots of cash to treat. We are now glad that the water is safe and clean for human consumption and contracting unnecessary diseases will be a thing of the past.''

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed.

Proud new sanitation platform owner

These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

New Knowledge

Mr. Peter Kasiti, a farmer and local leader within his community, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

Some 20 people attended training, which was more than we expected. This was because, at the time of the participants'  arrival, the rain started to fall immediately and we thought the community members would not turn up for the training. But, we were happy to be wrong and welcomed the participants. Training started inside in a local church in preparation for the rain, but we ended up moving our chairs outside for better air and light once the skies cleared.

The attendees were so active during the session, even including the children. A majority could ask questions to get more clarification on different topics that were handled by different facilitators. This was so interesting and it was a clear indication that they were all eager to learn.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Training participants look on with smiles during a handwashing demonstration from their neighbor

The operation and maintenance of the spring was a topic that got the attention of many community members since it was so interactive since the facilitator asked questions that could prompt them to respond. They suggested ways that would enable them to care for the spring.

One activity that took place during this session was planting grass to avoid soil er0sion. Another one was fencing that the community members supported after the training. This was so nice to see a spirit of teamwork among them. Planting of grass and fencing at times become challenging on some sites but for this one, it became so easy to do it through their excellent teamwork.

On-site training

When hygiene and health promotion was handled, the facilitator explained what every person should do to lead a healthy life. She demonstrated the new way to brush their teeth and a volunteer was asked to demonstrate how they normally do it. Interestingly, a young girl about 10 years of age came up and did it. The attendees were also asked to demonstrate how they wash their hands and thereafter they were shown the new method to wash hands. This made the session so lively.

Say "Ah!" Dental hygiene training and toothbrushing demonstration

"The new water point is so nice and we are assured of our health as a community. Thank you so much, you have been a blessing to us," said Mr. Kasiti.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

October, 2019: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Kasit Spring is making people in Sasala Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Sasala Community, Kasit Spring

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Sasala Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Erna. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Sasala Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Sasala Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

"Before protection, drawing water from the spring was horrific."

"As a girl in this community, it was not possible to go alone to the spring for fear of being attacked as the area was not safe, especially for the girl child."

"At the spring, it was so crowded, especially during the weekends, leading to the water getting dirty and this would always lead to wastage of time as much time was allowed for silt to settle before further collection."

"Currently, accessing water from the spring is much easier and quicker. It takes a short time to collect water thanks to the installation of the stairs, water pipe, and even the clearance of the bush surrounding the spring."

"Since much time is not wasted at the spring, l now have ample time for my studies and I also have time to have a rest."

"Education being key to a better future, l now enjoy ample time in my studies, hoping to register good results in my examinations."

Erna leaves the spring with water.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Sasala Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Sasala Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Team Sue