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The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Sanitation And Hygiene For All Ages
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Site Clearance
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Excavation And Diverting Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Setting Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Laying The Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Community Members Help Deliver Materials
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Brickwork
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Brickwork
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Stairs And Spring Take Shape
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Plaster And Cement Work
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Plaster Continues
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Field Officer Christine Masinde Supervising Works
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Pipe Measurements
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Rub Wall Construction
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Backfilling The Spring Box With Stones
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Backfilling With Soil And Fencing
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Fenced Spring With Grass Planted
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Digging The Cut Off Drainage Above The Spring
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Site Management Training
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Training At The Spring
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Happy Group
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Training Is For All Ages
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Trainer Christine Masinde In Action
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  A Participant Reacting To The Training
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Dental Demonstration
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  A Kid Hand Washing
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Dental Hygiene Volunteer
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Participants Respond To The Training
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Solar Disinfection Demonstration
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Community Member Responds To A Question
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Clean Water From Osundwa Spring
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Completed Osundwa Spring
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Happy Fetching Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Ready To Head Home
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Getting A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Slurp
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Enjoying The Spring Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Happy Spring Users
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Field Officer Christine Masinde With Community Members
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Happy Fetching Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owner
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Mud Latrine
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Drinking Water Pot
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Getting Drinking Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Emonyangwa Family
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Tyson Emonyangwa
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Joyce Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Joyce Osundwa
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Cow Relaxing
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Market Stall
The Water Project: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring -  Community Landscape

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 175 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Osundwa Spring is located in Buyangu Village, a serene and rural area. Vegetation is dominant with trees, sugarcane, maize, and banana plantations. Arrowroots are also grown, especially along the river and near the spring because arrowroot requires a lot of water for its sustainability. The houses are mud-walled and roofed with iron sheets.

Farm produce is used as food for the family first, and then some of it is sold in order get money to take care of other family needs. Some people also own dairy cattle. Many young men here have motorbikes that they use to ferry people from one place to another at a cost.

An average day for people in this region starts at 5:30 am when women wake up to prepare young children for school and prepare breakfast. Many men leave their homes early to find someone who is willing to hire them for manual labor. They most often end up working on other people’s farms or at the large sugar factory. Children go to school at 6 am as women do general cleaning of the house. They wash utensils and go to the spring to fetch water to be used during the day. The number of trips is determined by the needs of the day including bathing, washing clothes and utensils, drinking water for family members, and drinking water for the domestic animals. After fetching water, the women go to the farm and leave the young children with the elderly who stay at home. They come back at noon to prepare lunch for the whole family and do other chores around the house. At 2 pm they go the forest to gather firewood to be used for cooking dinner, and then go to the posho mill to grind maize or millet into flour to be used for dinner also. At around 5:30 pm they start to prepare supper as their family members return. Many families eat super at 6:30 pm and then chat with each other until 7:30 pm bedtime.

The main water source for 175 people living in Buyangu is Osundwa Spring. As one approaches the spring, the path becomes steep and poses danger to the people going to fetch water. The steep hill also allows more contaminants into the water, especially when it rains. Once a person makes it down the hill, they dunk their container directly in the water until it’s full. Getting back up the hill with a heavy container of water is a difficult task as well.

“Water from this spring is not clean, but we just have to take it because we don’t have an alternative. We get sick often due to consumption of unsafe water and we use a lot of money on hospital bills. I went somewhere and I saw a protected spring and I wished ours could be protected too, but we cannot afford the cost of protecting it [ourselves],” said Mr. Emonyangwa.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

We will protect the spring to ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Training

“Most people go for days without taking a bath and brushing their teeth,” admitted Mrs. Osundwa.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

In this community, people store their drinking water in a traditional pot known as ‘esongo’. The pot keeps the water cold and the pot is used in place of a fridge. It is believed that the water from this pot has a pleasant taste. Water from the pot should be emptied frequently, the pot cleaned, and replaced with fresh water. However, most people just refill the pots without cleaning them and this leads to them drinking even more contaminated water that causes waterborne diseases.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

At least half of the households here have a pit latrine made of mud. Those without a latrine of their own share with their neighbors. The mud pit latrines we observed are difficult to clean, and water cannot be used. Water, especially when it rains, erodes the mud and endangers the use who stands on the platform to use the latrine.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


10/30/2019: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring Project Complete!

Buyangu Community now has access to clean water! Osundwa Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Newly completed Osundwa Spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Community members deliver materials to the construction site

One of the members of the Osundwa community passed on just when the artisan was ready to start the construction of the spring. As a result, our contact person Mr. Daniel Sajida requested us to wait until they were done with funeral arrangements and the burial.

This was because as a community when a family is bereaved they work together and assist each other to give the departed a befitted send-off. Meaning, if construction had started before the burial, no one could have offered to assist the artisan with the spring construction process. Once the community was ready for the project, we deployed our team to the site.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Brickwork at the spring’s headwall

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring.

Artisan works on plastering over his cement work

The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Field Officer Christine Masinde supervises the construction and checks measurements

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination.

Backfilling with stones

The construction process was interrupted by regular heavy rainfall, especially in the afternoons. The process had to be paused several times as the rain pounded, but eventually, we were able to complete the work. After that, it took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Backfilling with dirt and planting grass before fencing in the spring box

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

Mr. Robert Osundwa, a local mason and landowner of the spring, spoke about how many empty promises his community has had before from people promising to protect their spring. This was a different story, he said.

“I can’t believe our spring is finally protected and the only contribution we have given is locally available materials. Seeing clean and safe water flowing from the pipe is exciting for we will no longer suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid, bilharzia, and diarrhea,” he told us.

“Thank you for your generous contribution towards this WaSH project.”

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud new sanitation platform owners

New Knowledge

Mr. Daniel Sajida, a farmer and local leader, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

18 people attended training. We had hoped for more participants, but given that Tuesday is also market day, most people preferred to go to the market to sell their farm produce and also buy other items at a cheaper price. The training took place in a homestead near the spring. The participants were actively involved in demonstrations and asked questions after each topic. They also jotted down notes for future reference. The weather was calm and sunny therefore the training went on well without any challenges.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Child handwashing during training

Under personal hygiene, handwashing – being an important part of hygiene practices – was discussed in detail. The participants named when they wash their hands and the facilitators demonstrated to them the correct way to wash their hands. They were also allowed to wash their hands well.

This was special because the participants were eager to learn the 10 steps of handwashing and they laughed and corrected each other as they missed the steps. Finally, they managed to get all the steps right.

On-site training

Maintenance of the WaSH facilities was also an exciting topic to teach. The community members sought clarification on how well they could manage the maintenance of the spring. They said that they will make sure that no one interferes with the operation of the spring.

This was special because the participants were taken to the site of the spring construction which made it easy for the facilitators to emphasize spring maintenance. One of the participants said that they had waited for a long time for their spring to be protected and urged other community members to take good care of the spring. If anyone is found tampering with it, they said, that person should be punished.

When the community members were told that fencing and planting of grass were beneficial to the spring’s sustainability, one of the community members offered to supply poles and fencing was done then and there. Grass was also planted upstream.

Happy group of participants at training

“Through this training, we have learned to practice proper personal and environmental hygiene in order to prevent infections and diseases. We will make sure that each and every family has a leaky tin and soap/ash near the latrines,” said caretaker Mrs. Mercy Chimoli.

“This training is especially beneficial for us women since we are the ones who are responsible for the cleanliness of the family members and the compound too, and in case one of the family members is sick we are the ones who take care of him/her.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 40-kenya19156-happy-spring-users


10/09/2019: Buyangu Community, Osundwa Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Osundwa Spring is making people in Buyangu Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 9-kenya19156-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)