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The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Mud Latrine
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Working Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Doing Laundry
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Working On A Mud Home
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Community Members
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Cow Grazing At A Homestead
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Farm
The Water Project: Lusiola Community, Ifetha Spring -  Community Landscape

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  01/31/2020

Project Features

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Lusiola Village is a rural set-up despite being close to Shamakhokho Town. Most of the houses are mud-thatched with iron sheets, an indicator that the village is still developing. Few of the cement houses are owned by teachers who have managed to secure pieces of land from the villagers. The entire village is densely vegetated with a majority of the people involved in tea farming. The tea leaves are sold to nearby Mudete Tea Factory. Many of the young men are involved in the ‘boda boda’ business, which means they shuttle customers around using motorbikes.

Household chores already take up a big part of the day in Luiola. Men head out early, but women often stay at home to fetch water, cook breakfast, see their children off to school, wash dishes, do laundry, and everything else it takes to keep the household in good order.

Fetching water is often the most time-consuming and energy-draining task on the list. People place containers outside their homes when it rains to cut down on trips to fetch water, but this rainwater is used up quickly. That means the 230 people living here most heavily rely on water at Ifetha Spring. This spring persists through the driest times of the year when the village receives no rain. In fact, multiple trips to Ifetha Spring are made each day because of all the water that’s needed for drinking, cooking, washing, cleaning, watering plants and animals, and everything else.

All this work and it’s not even for clean water; the water at Ifetha Spring is contaminated and not safe for human consumption. A shortage of clean, safe water leads to sicknesses like typhoid and cholera. Community members are forced to divert their resources towards treatment, and this sets them back economically.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

We will protect the spring to ensure that the water is safe, adequate, and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. There will be stairs down to the collection point and a pipe that can easily fill water containers. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.


From our visit to the community, we can conclude that the community has a positive attitude towards proper hygiene and sanitation. As an organization, we will encourage people to ensure that all sanitation facilities are put in place so that hygiene and sanitation is up to standard.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance (including the use of mosquito nets!). The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Most homes have a pit latrine made of mud and wood. These cannot be cleaned with water since it affects the integrity of the materials and puts the user in danger of falling through the floor to the pit.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new cement latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!