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The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Carrying Water From The Protected Spring
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Fence To Protect The Spring Box
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Drainage The Community Dug
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Finished Spring
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  The Foundation Slab
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Delivering Stones To The Site
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Excavating
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Community Members Helping Excavate
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Training On Spring Maintenance
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Group Discussions
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Participants
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Asking Questions
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Participants
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Trainer Adelide
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Trainer Protus
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Rose Aiti
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Dangerous Wooden Floor
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Bornface
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Fish Pond
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Household Farms
The Water Project: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring -  Household Farms

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Emukoyani Community is in a rural area where everyone goes about their own daily activities. The vegetation is green because they grow maize, sugarcane, and arrowroot. Most homes are made of mud and roofed with either thatched grass or iron sheets.

An average person in Emukoyani wakes up around 6am so that children can get to school on time. Men go out to milk the cows while women prepare breakfast. People work on their farms throughout their day but must return home to prepare lunch for their children since lunch is not served at school. Lunchtime is also for fetching water and collecting firewood. They go to the market to get what they need to prepare supper, eat, relax, and retire by 8pm since there isn’t any electricity.

Nobody has the water at home. Instead, community members depend on Ombalasi Spring to get water for everything they do throughout the day, including drinking. Ombalasi Spring is located right off the road that leads into the community.

The water here is unsafe for drinking but there’s no other option. People get sick with cholera and typhoid and spend what little money they have on treatment.

“It has been my prayer that we use protected water. We have been using this water like this for a long time and we ask that you help us get protected water,” said Bornface.

What we can do:

Less than half of households have their own pit latrines. That means there are multiple families sharing one latrine. If it is an awkward time during the night, those sharing latrines feel less comfortable doing so and often resort to using the bushes.

Most of the latrines we saw have wood slats for floors which are very hard to clean. They rot as they get wet and endanger the users.

People here have tried observing good hygiene because the majority have dish racks and clotheslines for keeping their belongings clean. But when it comes to handwashing, they need to improve because of the lack of water near latrines means they do not wash their hands after visiting the toilet. They also need to start disposing of garbage properly instead of piling it up at the back of their properties.

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

“The latrines are a problem in this place,” said Mrs. Rose Aiti.

“We would like to have the cement floor latrines because the children are afraid of using the wooden floor latrines.”

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


05/21/2019: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring Project Complete

Emukoyani Community is celebrating its new protected spring, so celebrate with them! Ombalasi Spring has been transformed into a flowing, safe source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

Spring Protection

Construction at Ombalasi Spring was successful and water is now flowing from the discharge pipe.

“We are going to use this water for drinking and also start up a fish pond downstream. The money gotten from the fish pond can be used to maintain the spring,” said Mr. Andala.

“This water will reduce the distance of looking for drinking water across the road.”

Water from Ombalasi Spring was dirty before this spring protection, and community members would often come down with waterborne illnesses.

“Thank you so much for protecting this spring for us. We suffered a lot due to drawing water from the unprotected spring, but we will now have safe and clean drinking water,” said Rose, a water user.

The community is located near the busy Shikoti-Kakamega Road, and people would often cross this road in search of clean drinking water. But since Ombalasi Spring has been protected, the community can stay on the right side of the road and use Ombalasi Spring to meet all of their water needs.

The village elder in this community happens to be what the others consider an “old mama,” meaning she is 56 years of age and very sharp. She promised to ensure she solves any conflicts that may arise concerning water and that everyone follows the rules for fetching water at Ombalasi Spring.

The Process:

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, and gravel. Some even made extra efforts to work alongside the artisan after delivering all of the materials. Community members also hosted our artisans for the duration of construction.

The spring area was excavated with jembes, hoes, and spades to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh, and concrete.

Community members came to the site and helped the artisan excavate the area in preparation of spring protection construction

After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe.

The ceramic tiles installed under the discharge pipe protect the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautify the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Finishing up a coat of plaster over the brick walls and foundation of the spring

The concrete dried over the course of five days, during which a community member wetted the concrete to make sure it would dry without cracking. The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

After the backfilling was done at the reservoir area, the community members were already waiting and ready with poles and nails to help the artisan fence in the area.

A fence that marks off the protected area from the spring eye to the discharge pipe

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a latrine of their own. We will continue to encourage them to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors as we visit for monitoring and evaluation.

A proud community member stands by her new sanitation platform as it finished drying

New Knowledge

We informed our contact person, Bornface, of the importance of hygiene and sanitation training. We came to an agreement on the most convenient date for the community, and then Bornface went door to door to invite everyone he knows who uses Ombalasi Spring.

We met at a home near the spring and were happy to find some tree shade to shield us from the hot sun. All of the participants were eager to learn. They participated by asking a lot of questions about every topic.

Participants learned about:

– Leadership and governance for the spring committee
– Management and maintenance of the spring


– Family planning
– Environmental hygiene
– Personal hygiene, including handwashing

The participants were eager to know where they go wrong when it comes to personal hygiene. The instructor took them through personal hygiene, how to handle food, how to keep their surroundings clean, and many other things.

The trainer taught participants how to build a tippy tap handwashing station out of all local materials, which is a new concept that everyone was eager to implement in their own homes.


– Dental hygiene


– Waterborne and water-related disease, along with water treatment methods

Most of the topics were covered starting with a brainstorm session. Community members would break into groups and brainstorm water pollutants, for example. The trainer could then They also learned that water is often polluted during the journey home because it is not handled or stored properly.

The people at training look forward to sharing what they learned with their families, neighbors, and other people who use Ombalasi Spring. They now have the knowledge they need to keep their water clean from the time it’s fetched up to when it’s consumed.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 22-kenya19177-flowing-water


02/26/2019: Emukoyani Community, Ombalasi Spring Project Underway

Dirty water from Ombalasi Spring is making people in Emukoyani Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 7-kenya19177-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

5 individual donor(s)