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The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Children Help Gather Materials
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Community Members Bring Construction Materials
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Kids Bringing Bricks To The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Community Members Sort Pebbles For Large Gravel
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Carrying Rocks To Site
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Carrying Construction Materials To The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Delivering Materials To Site
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Laying The Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Artisan Measures Concrete Foundation
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Passing Bricks To The Artisan
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Clearing The Drainage Channels Around The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Digging Cut Off Drainage Channels Above The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Bricklaying Begins
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Cementing Bricks Of Headwall Into Place
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Wall Work Continues After Pipes Are Set
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Rub Wall Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Cementing The Rub Walls
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Backfilling With Large Rocks
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Community Members Carry Large Stones To The Spring Site
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Artisan Backfills The Spring Box
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Covering Backfilled Stones With Tarp
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Adding Soil Over The Tarp
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Children Carry Grass To Be Planted At The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Planting Grass
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Grass Spotted Spring Site
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Artisan Hauls A Large Branch For The Fencing
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Training Participants Meet Under A Tree
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Participants
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Reactions Were Plenty Throughout The Session
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Trainer Lynnah Akuku On Dental Hygine
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Handwashing Demonstration With Trainer Joyce Naliaka
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Group Discussion
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Team Leader Emmah In Action
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Lynnah Leads Training On Site Management
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Completed Marko Spring With Fence And Planted Grass
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Plenty Of Clean Water Flowing At Marko Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Handing Over Session At Marko Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Celebrations At The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Singing And Dancing To Celebrate The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Happy Faces At Marko Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  All Smiles At The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Happy Faces At The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Rinsing Containers And Fetching Water At The Same Time Is A Breeze
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Older Men Experiencing The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Happy Faces On Site
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Field Officers Shake Hands For A Job Well Done
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Hooray For Clean Water
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Happiness For Marko Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Stairs Help Ease The Access To And From The Spring
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Carrying Clean Water Home
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Carrying Clean Water Home
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Proud New Sanitation Platform Owners
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Mr Mwalia
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Selpha Awinja
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Carrying Water Up The Slope
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Caring For Livestock
The Water Project: Busichula Community, Marko Spring -  Community Farm

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



350 people living in Musichula do not have clean water. They must leave their homes just to find dirty water that they bring back for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. There’s so much water in the environment, but it’s all open to contamination.

Their main water source has been given the name Marko Spring. It is located down a steep slope that gets muddy and dangerous when it rains.

“We have suffered in this area trying to find someone to protect this spring for us because the water we are drinking is not safe,” said Mrs. Awinja.

“The spring has a lot of water that at one time a child of about 10 years drowned while trying to fetch it.”

This water gets people sick and they spend too much of the little money they have to find treatment. When they’re sick they miss out on the day’s work on the farm, making it extremely difficult to put dinner on the table for the family.

What we can do:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Not every family has a latrine because they’re sharing with a neighbor. The latrines we observed are made of mud. “Latrines in this community are not to the standard. It renders us vulnerable to infections. It would be better if we get cement floor latrines that can be cleaned regularly,” said Mr. Mwalia.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/04/2020: Busichula Community, Marko Spring Project Complete!

Busichula Community now has access to clean water! Marko Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, constructed 5 sanitation platforms for different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Community members enjoying the new spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Kids help carry rocks to the spring construction site

At first, there were some delays in gathering the required materials from the community as the spring has a big catchment area that needed a lot of large stones for the backfilling process, but through a lot of hard work and determination, the community was finally able to gather them together.

Adults carry the larger rocks to the construction site

They had to carry each stone to the construction site by hand, just like the rest of the materials, but they persisted to get the job done.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipes – 2 in this case due to the spring’s naturally high yield – were fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Artisan measures first brickwork over spring’s concrete foundation

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipes. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipes.

Cementing the discharge pipes into the headwall

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. The only ongoing challenge during construction was the ongoing short rainy season, as it rained every day from 1:00 pm until evening. This also caused some delays to the work, but the artisan and his work team were used to the weather pattern and were able to plan around it to get their work done on time.

Artisan plasters the rub walls

It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

“How wonderful a day it was,” reflected Field Officer Lynnah Akuku, the lead field officer for this project. During the handing over of the project to the community, Marko Spring members gathered together with happy faces, thanking our team for protecting their spring.

Officially handing over Marko Spring to Busichula community members

They expressed that they used to take unclean water but now that the spring is protected, they will be able to access clean water within just a few minutes. They also expressed their hope that now, premature death due to waterborne diseases will be a thing of the past. The community members were very happy, singing all sorts of wonderful songs and dancing while continuing to thank the organization so much. (To hear them for yourself, check out the video on the Photos tab of this project page!)

Celebrating the new spring

“Thank you The Water Project for the good work and for remembering us. May God bless you so much wherever you go,” said village advisor Hillary Harambee.

A woman gives thumbs up for clean water from Marko Spring

“Before the protection of the spring, we were fetching unsafe water for drinking because the spring was open,” reflected community member and farmer Mr. Stephen Shihemi.

“After the completion of the spring, I came here and l was very impressed with what l saw. The spring has a new look and it is easy to access quality, clean, and safe water for drinking. I thank The Water Project so much for remembering us,” he said.

Women join hands over clean, accessible water

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Proud new sanitation platform owners

New Knowledge

Village advisor Hillary Harambee was tasked with organizing the training. She gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for she was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

27 people attended training, which was a great turnout. All of the participants were eager to learn and hear from us. Since the training took place on a Saturday we also had children included in the training and they were so happy for the training and to see spring construction.

(Most of these pupils attend Shiyikha Primary School, so many of the topics were familiar to them already!).

We also had 2 Community Health Volunteers in attendance.

Team Leader Emmah Nambuye Wekesa kicks off training

Since it was a sunny day, the training was conducted near Marko Spring under a tree. The community members were very happy throughout the day. Some members from other communities also attended the training because of what they saw concerning spring protection and they wanted to know more about the project.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We discussed water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things. Community members also decided to start some income-generating activities that will improve their living standards after brainstorming on the topic.

Children carry grass to be planted at the spring

After training the community members about site management at the spring, the participants together with all of our team members present took the initiative to fence the site around the spring while planting grass over the spring box to avoid erosion. The community members also participated in digging the drainage channel that will divert runoff from above the spring to down below it and into the stream to ensure safe access to the protected water point through all seasons, regardless of the weather. This drainage channel had particular energy behind it as a child had already drowned in the overflowing spring during a previous rainy season. The community was motivated to keep every person who might try to fetch water safe at all times going forward.

Community members help dig the cut-off drainage channels to redirect uphill runoff away from the spring

The participants were particularly excited to know more about handwashing because those who had been practicing it had been doing so without following the steps, and some participants were at first sure that handwashing was not even necessary to one’s health. We went over the critical times to wash their hands, such as after visiting the latrine or changing a baby’s diaper, before preparing food, and before eating. The community members were very excited to learn new things in this lesson.

Handwashing practical during training

Many said their children are always sick, not knowing that one of the main causes could be because they have not been washing their hands before eating. The group was very excited to learn that handwashing can help reduce illnesses and save money for other things and by doing that, help them to improve their standard of living standard. During the demonstration process, they were so happy practicing and repeating the 10 steps. The entire training group promised to improve on this practice and start washing their hands daily.

A woman washes her container before catching water, a practice we taught during training

“We have been taking water just like that [without worrying about its sanitation] but through this training, it will help us to improve on our sanitation and hygiene behavior. I believe that our lives will change and we will improve our standard of living because of it,” said Nancy Naliaka, a businessperson from the community.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 50-kenya19184-hooray-for-clean-water


12/20/2019: Busichula Community, Marko Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Marko Spring is making people in Busichula sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 4-kenya19184-fetching-water


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

13 individual donor(s)