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The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Children Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  It Takes A Whole Community
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Ms Ondiso Heading To The Water Point
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Community Members At The Spring Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Community Members Heading To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Standing Next To Her Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  A Bed Inside A Home
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Anne Andeso
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Banana Plantation
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Cleaning A Compound
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Cooking Area
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Cow
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Drying Clothes
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Ducks
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Goats Resting
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Grazing Cow
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Handwshing
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Improvised Hanging Dishrack
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Inside Her Kitchen
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Latrine Sample
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Mama Fridah At Her Latrine
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Mama Fridah Inside Her Kitchen
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Mama Fridah Outside Her Home
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Mama Fridah Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Next To Her Bathing Room
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Pepper Farm
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Playing On Open Fields
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Robert Aspira
The Water Project: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring -  Sample Dishrack

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  12/23/2020

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Please note: original photos were taken before the COVID-19 pandemic.

Most people living in Lukala C Community are small-scale framers who grow crops like maize, beans, cassava, and who also practice dairy farming. The buildings are constructed in the traditional way, with mud walls and grass-thatched roofs. A few families also have modern houses. The roads were not that bad at the time of writing, but during heavy rains they are impassable.

Around Livaha Spring, there is a lot of green vegetation due to the spring’s persistence even through the dry season. The 280 people who depend on it for water know this, and have done their best to improve the water point on their own. But they have had little success.

Community members improvised a discharge pipe by sticking an iron sheet directly into the earth to help the water come out in a spout. But heavy rains frequently wash the sheet away, forcing community members to scoop water with a jug. This wastes a lot of precious time because the water gets dirty with each scoop, so people try to scoop slowly yet surely. Then, between people, they wait as long as they can to let the water settle.

During such times, women are forced to wake up to get to the spring as early as 5:30 am to try to fetch the cleanest water with the least people. But there always seems to be a crowd, which is especially concerning during the pandemic when people are trying to avoid groups and limit their time in public.

The management of the spring is unique in that it is headed by 2 administrators, 1 from each of the villages the spring straddles: Lukala B and Lukala C. But there is no dispute between the 2 villages or administrators, people report. They have always lived in peace, love, and unity, are they stand together in helping to gain access to clean, safe water at Livaha Spring.

The main problem with the spring is that it sits open to contamination from surface run-off, which carries with it dangerous farm chemicals and animal waste. The runoff can also contain human waste, as a lack of latrines forces many people here to practice open defecation. These toxins are in addition to the dirt, rust from the iron sheet, and insects and parasites that live in the water.

“We have suffered for a long time,” said 64-year-old farmer Charles Muhuyi Kokoyo. “A lot of money has been spent on medication because of this dirty water.”

The time people spend at the spring trying to take the least contaminated water possible also costs them in other ways. Adults lose time at work, whether on their farms or otherwise, and kids miss school lessons when they are sick.

“We have not been able to attend school frequently because of waterborne diseases that have been recurring every time we drink this water,” said secondary school student Jemimah.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

At the end of the training, participants will select 5 families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors called sanitation platforms. Training will inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, including bricks, clean sand, and gravel. The 5 families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams. The families will then be asked to complete their latrines by constructing a superstructure over their platforms. These 5 sanitation platforms will then serve as examples for the rest of the community to replicate.

Project Updates


11/19/2020: Lukala C Community, Livaha Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Livaha Spring is making people in Lukala C sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya20247-children-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Project Underwriter - Estate of Barteld Merema
3 individual donor(s)