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The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Thank You Milliman
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Thank You Milliman
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  All Smiles At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Thank You Milliman
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Thank You Milliman
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Molenje Spring Waterpoint
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Fetching Water At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clean Water From Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clean Hands For All
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clean Flowing Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  All Smiles At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  All Smiles At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  All Smiles At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  All Smiles At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Sheilah M
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Carrying Water With Smiles
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mrs Jacklyne
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Child At Water Point
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Thumbs Up At The Water Point
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Washing At The Water Point
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Children At The Water Point
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community At The Water Point
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Members Fetching Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Members Fetching Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Members Fetching Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Members Fetching Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Drinking Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Drinking From The Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clean Water From Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clean Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Playing With Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Playing With Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Water Flowing At Molenje Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Sheilah At The Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Training On Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mask Wearing Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mask Wearing Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Simple Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Making A Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Making A Kitchen Garden
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Making A Kitchen Garden
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Hand Washing Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Hand Washing Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Hand Washing Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Filling Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Dental Hygiene With Salt
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Dental Hygiene Demonstration
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Dental Hygiene With Toothpaste
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  How To Use Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  How To Use Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  How To Use A Kitchen Garden
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Teaching Hand Washing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Washing With A Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Complete Spring With Clean Flowing Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Children Carrying Rocks
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Cement Works
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Cement Works
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Cement Works
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Foundation Measurements
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Escape Channel
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Excavation
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Excavation
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Cut Off Drainage
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Inside Plaster
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Inside Plaster
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Outside Plaster
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Outside Plaster
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Outside Plaster
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Soil Cover
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Polythene
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Polythene
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Hardcore
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Hardcore
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Backfilling With Clay
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Tiles Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Polls Setting
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Path To The Spring
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Anne Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Water Storage Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  At Home
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Bathing Shelter Made With Banana Leaves And A Cloth Door
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Bathing Shelter Made With Polythene Bags
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Beautifying Her Homestead
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Clothes Drying On The Ground After Washing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Cow Tied While Grazing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Fence As Clothesline
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Latrine Made From Mud
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Leaky Tin For Handwashing
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mr Stephen Making Ropes From Sisal
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mr Stephen And His Cow
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mrs Jackline Molenje And Friend Smearing The House With Soil And Water Mixture
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Mrs Jackline Molenje And Friend Smearing The House Woith Soil And Water Mixture
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Painting The House Furniture
The Water Project: Indulusia Community, Molenje Spring -  Sheila With Her Brother And Sister

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 10/08/2021

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“The water looks clean, but it has affected my children because they are always sick of typhoid, and this has drained me financially. Protecting the spring will help me to save money for other things. The spring has a lot of water, and my prayer is for it to be protected soon so that we can forget all the conflicts, sicknesses, and accidents that we have been experiencing,” said Mrs. Jacklyne Molenje, a 52-year-old farmer and mother in Indulusia. Jacklyne is also part of the family that owns the land where Molenje Spring is located.

Molenje Spring serves 200 people in Indulusia, but the spring does not meet their needs due to its contaminated water and difficult access point. Consuming the spring’s unsafe water consistently brings water-related illnesses to community members, especially affecting their children. The rainy season makes contamination and waterborne illnesses worse as the rains pour farm chemicals, animal waste, dirt, and other toxins straight to the surface runoff source.

Because the spring is open, animals often walk straight into the water while drinking from the pipe, leaving their waste around the spring. Some community members wash their clothes near the spring, too. The surrounding area is therefore not hygienic, further putting community members at risk while they fetch water.

The other main challenge at Molenje Spring is difficulty accessing the drawing point. There is standing water several inches deep, leading away from the source, which community members must stand-in for more than 5 minutes per jerrycan they need to fill. A lack of water does not cause their long wait time, but rather due to the small pipe, they have improvised to force water to flow instead of dribbling down the muddy hill. But the pipe does not capture water from all of the spring’s eyes, reducing output and slowing community members down.

The time-consuming process of drawing water at the spring is stressful, and tensions run high as people wait in long lines for their turn to fetch water. Community members report frequent fighting at the spring due to the crowding as neighbors complain of one person taking too long or another bumping into the pipe and stirring up mud and sand into the water in the process. People also report frequent cases of children falling and injuring themselves, trying to get in and out of the spring due to the water-logged area.

“Protecting the spring will help us to fetch water easily. This is because we really suffer as children fetching water since the place is hilly and open simultaneously,” said teenager Sheila.

“We will no longer get sick. Rather, we will stay healthy because of accessing clean and safe water,” Sheila added, reflecting on what might change if Molenje Spring were protected.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Therefore, protecting the spring and offering training and support will help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold training during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training, which will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points to alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water points as soon as the water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is handling, storing, and treating water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. The community and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the spring’s operations and maintenance. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

 

Project Updates


08/18/2021: Molenje Spring Project Complete!

Indulusia Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Molenje Spring into a flowing source of water, thanks to your donation. Our team protected the spring and trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention.

"My life and that of my family will change for the better because we will no longer worry about waterborne diseases. This has affected my family for so long, and from today we will stay healthy because access to clean and safe water promotes good health. I will put more effort into other things like soapmaking, which will generate income for my family. I will no longer worry about when to fetch water because clean and safe water is flowing all day, and this brings joy to my heart," said Mrs. Jacklyne Molenje.

Children were just as excited as the adults about the new water point.

"Since we have clean and safe water, I will put my effort into improving my grades in school because I will no longer worry about fetching water all the time and queuing for too long," said Sheilah M.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the materials collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community members prepared everything, we sent a lorry to the community to deliver the rest of the construction materials, including the cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Women and men lent their strength to the artisan each day to help with the manual labor. First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several surface runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert environmental contaminants carried by the rains away from the spring.

To ensure community members could still fetch water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary diversion channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without severely disrupting community members' water needs or the construction work.

Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After setting the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Next, we began one of the most crucial spring protection steps to ensure a fully functional water point: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe has to be low enough in the headwall so that the water level inside never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to leave eighteen to twenty inches between the pipe and the spring floor. This allows room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, too much backpressure could force the flow to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when the clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched medium to large stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone group into place, forming the rub walls. This helps discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and thus a clogged drainage area.

We then turned to cementing and plastering both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls were curing, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

We transitioned to the final stages of construction with the tiles in place - backfilling the reservoir box. First, we cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen in since its construction, such as dead leaves or other items. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing the water through the discharge pipe only.

With much help from the community, we filled up the reservoir area with the clean and large stones they gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources from aboveground, followed by a layer of soil. We piled enough dirt on top to create a slight mound to compensate for the backfill's future settlement.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it since compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to fetch water. We officially handed over the spring directly following training to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

Due to the ongoing challenges and restrictions amidst the pandemic, we worked with local leaders and the national Ministry of Health to gain approval for a small group training about health, hygiene, and COVID-19 prevention.

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training to relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends. We agreed with community members on the exact date that the training was to take place with the help of the area village elder.

When the day arrived, facilitators Olivia Bomji, Samuel Simidi, and Lilian Achieng deployed to the site to lead the event. Fifteen people attended the training, including community-based leaders. We held the training outside Mr. Patrick Molenje's homestead.

Perhaps the most crucial topic of the day was our session on COVID-19 prevention and control. Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the virus and provide extra information where needed.

Learning to Make Soap

We covered several other topics, including community participation in the project; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring; dental hygiene; the ten steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. In addition, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders during the leadership and governance session.

Dental Hygiene Training

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that community members can use to start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop small businesses.

A memorable topic was spring maintenance. The women promised to take care of the spring as their own kitchen because they suffered for a long time stepping on muddy and dirty water as they fetched water.

"The training was valuable to me because I have learned more on how to protect myself and those around me from COVID-19. With the new knowledge, I will ensure that I educate other women to protect their families by ensuring that they have enough leaky tins in their compounds, wear masks while going out, keep physical distance and avoid crowded places," said Mrs. Jacklyne Molenje.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21025-all-smiles-at-molenje-spring-5


07/08/2021: Molenje Spring Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Indulusia Community drains peoples’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya20194-fetching-water-1-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Milliman IntelliScript