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The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Happy Faces
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Happy Faces
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Happy Faces
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Ibrahim Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Mwanaisha Omumia Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  People Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Posing At The Water Point
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Rahma Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Thumbs Up At The Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  With Two Pipes You Can Rinse And Fetch At The Same Time
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Completed Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Community Member Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Fatuma Splashing Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Cheers For The Completed Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Everline Wahing Hands Before Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Fatuma Drinking Water From The Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Everline Wakhiswa Rapando
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Everline Wakhiswa Rapando
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Ibrahim Chetambe
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Mwanaisha Omumia
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Ibrahim Chetambe Washing Hands
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Ibrahim Demonstrating How To Brush Teeth
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Ibrahim Showing How To Brush Your Teeth Using Traditional Stick
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Listening And Taking Notes At Training
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Participants Demonstrating How They Wave At Each Other
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Participants Demonstrating How To Cough Using Bent Elbow
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Participants Demonstrating Physical Distancing
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Peletina Oloyo Rinsing Hands
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Peletina Oloyo Washing Hands Up To Elbows
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Peletina Oloyo Washing Hands Using Soap And Water
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Site Management Training
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Planting Grass Above The Catchment Area
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Setting Up The Foundation
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Concrete Foundation
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Bricksetting
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Raising The Walls
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Setting The Pipes
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Plastered Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Construction Of Staircase
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Backfilling With Clay
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Community Members Lend A Helping Hand
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Backfilling With Large Rocks
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Laying The Plastic Tarp
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Setting Up The Protective Fence
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Setting Up The Fence
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Current Situation Of Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Collecting Water From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Collecting Water From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Collecting Water From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Collecting Water From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Landscape Around Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Landscape Around Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Rinsing Her Container Before Fetching
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Taking Water Home From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Taking Water Home From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Taking Water Home From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Taking Water Home From Olando Spring
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Millicent Mukoya
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Bramuel
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  At Home
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Bathing Shelter Inside
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Bathing Shelter Outside
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Kitchen Outside
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Latrine Outside
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Mud And Wood Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Taking Care Of Papas Livestock
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Collecting Some Firewood
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Healthy Vegetable Corner
The Water Project: Mushikulu B Community, Olando Spring -  Some Firewood To Prepare Meals

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 420 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The Mushikulu B area is cool, with some vegetation around. As it was planting season during our last visit, most people were busy preparing their lands. Some parts of the village have sugarcane plantations, although most farmers here have shifted to maize. Mushikulu B is not a busy place in terms of businesses, as the few shops are scattered.

About three-quarters of community members here are cattle farmers who keep cattle for milk, which they sell to small business owners. Cattle farmers tend to keep the rest of their farming smaller, rather than plantation level. A few community members are employed as teachers, nurses, or are self-employed.

This community is known for working hard to educate their children even though they are small-scale farmers. Most of their children are in university and college, with younger pupils in both primary and secondary schools. Women here are known for their striving for economic independence, using merry-go-rounds and table banking systems to help one another get loans for their endeavors.

However, one of the women’s main roles is fetching water for all of their families’ needs every day. 420 people in Mushikulu B depend on Olando Spring, but the spring is not serving them well in its unprotected state.

A majority of women here wake up early in the morning to fetch water as the first thing they do each day. This is because fetching water this early helps them secure clean water before children go there to play. The access point to the spring is open yet narrow and bushy. Stones are scattered around the ground to help people stand among the muddy drawing area. Still, people report frequent falls and their related injuries from trying to leave the spring area.

Community members have tried to improvise a discharge pipe using a banana stem wedged directly into the earth, but it is tricky to reach. The awkward stance people must take to reach the pipe, combined with the limited discharge from their makeshift pipe, means fetching water takes more time than it should. Lines, crowds, and conflicts arise at the spring as a result.

Since it is open, the spring is prone to mixing with dirty surface runoff that carries farm chemicals and animal waste, among other toxins. The rainy season heightens the level of contamination to the point where the water turns brown from so much topsoil, getting mixed in with it. Community members report that waterborne illnesses quickly follow this water’s consumption, especially during the rainy season.

“Most of the time during the rainy seasons, I do experience stomachache and diarrhea, and I have come to realize the cause is unsafe water,” said 34-year-old farmer and mother Milicent Mukoya.

“I always fall sick, and when I was taken to the hospital, the doctor said I might be using unclean water. Since then, I’m afraid to drink this water, though sometimes I do get forced to drink it,” reflected young Bramuel.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Therefore, protecting the spring and offering training and support will help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold training during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training, which will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points to alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as the water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is handling, storing, and treating water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. The community and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the spring’s operations and maintenance. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


04/23/2021: Olando Spring Project Complete!

Mushikulu B Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Olando Spring into a flowing source of water, thanks to your donation. Our team protected the spring and trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention.

Community members celebrate the protected spring.

“Access to reliable, safe water from this water point will help me to confidently drink water because I am convinced that it’s clean. The completion of this water point has been a great eye-opener to most of us. We have learned the power of unity, and therefore we intend to do much more as a community to help us live good lives,” said 70-year-old farmer Mwanaisha Omumia.

Mwanaisha Omumia (left) and Everline Rapando pose at the spring.

Children were just as excited as the adults about the new water point.

“I will not be sick because of drinking dirty water. I feel good about our new source of water with clean water. I will be fetching water for my mum and my grandmother. I will not get tired of going to the spring because it looks good,” said young Rahma.

Rahma plays with the water at the spring.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carried all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large stones to break them down into the gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the materials collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When everything was prepared, we sent a lorry to the community to deliver the rest of the construction materials, including the cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Women and men lent their strength to the artisan each day to help with the manual labor. First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. We dug a drainage channel below the spring and several surface runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert environmental contaminants carried by the rains away from the spring.

Laying the foundation in the excavated area.

To ensure community members could still fetch water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary diversion channels from the spring’s eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without severely disrupting community members’ water needs or the construction work.

Bricklaying

Excavation created space for setting the spring’s foundation made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After setting the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Next, we began one of the most crucial spring protection steps to ensure a fully functional water point: setting the discharge pipe. For this spring, we actually installed two discharge pipes due to the spring’s naturally high yield. The discharge pipes have to be low enough in the headwall so that the water level inside never rises above the spring’s eye, yet high enough to leave eighteen to twenty inches between the pipes and the spring floor. This allows room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipes without making contact.

Setting the discharge pipes

If the discharge pipes were placed too high above the spring’s eye, too much backpressure could force the flow to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipes using clay (or mortar when the clay is in short supply) and placed it at a slight incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

Stone pitching plastered into place

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched medium to large stones on both sides of the spring’s drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone group into place, forming the rub walls. These help to discourage people and animals from trying to stand on that area, which could cause soil erosion and thus a clogged drainage area.

Stairs construction

With brickwork and stone pitching completed, we turned to cementing and plastering both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipes.

Backfilling

As the headwall and wing walls were curing, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipes. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water’s erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

Backfilling

We transitioned to the final stages of construction with the tiles in place – backfilling the reservoir box. First, we cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen in since its construction, such as dead leaves or other items. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing the water through the discharge pipes only.

Planting grass and building fence

With much help from the community, we filled up the reservoir area with the clean and large stones they gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the stones with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources from aboveground, followed by a layer of soil. We piled enough soil on top to create a slight mound to compensate for the backfill’s future settlement.

Protected Olando Spring

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it since compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

Clean water flows at Olando Spring

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring directly following training to mark the community’s ownership of the water point. During the dedication and handing-over ceremony, the water users sang songs of celebrations as they danced. Mzee Osundwa gave a vote of thanks to The Water Project and prayed for God’s favor upon the organization. We could read bright and happy faces which appreciated clean water, said the field officers who attended the event.


Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

Due to the ongoing challenges and restrictions amidst the pandemic, we worked with local leaders and the national Ministry of Health to gain approval for a small group training about health, hygiene, and COVID-19 prevention.

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training, who will relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived facilitators Jacquey and Elvin deployed to the site to lead the event. 15 people attended the training, including community-based leaders, the local village health volunteer, and teachers from area schools. We held the training outside under a tree in a community member’s home near the spring. The location allowed for easy physical distancing, and practicals that required water from the spring.

Physical distancing check at training.

Perhaps the most crucial topic of the day was our session on COVID-19 prevention and control. Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the virus and provide extra information where needed. We also left behind a rice sack painted with messages of COVID-19 prevention reminders in the local language. We affixed the sign to the spring’s fence during training and encouraged community members to use it as a daily reminder to stay cautious both at home and at the spring.

Ibrahim Chetambe demonstrates toothbrushing

We covered several other topics, including community participation in the project; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring; dental hygiene; the ten steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. We held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders during the leadership and governance session.

Peletina Oloyo demonstrates handwashing up to the elbow.

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that can be used to start a community savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop small businesses.

“The training has really been helpful to me and the entire group. First of all, I have known the value of cleanliness, and this will keep me away from infections, hence a healthy living.I have also been reminded about the COVID-19 pandemic and I will go back to taking all the preventive measures, including avoiding brewing places of chang’aa, and concentrate on my farming activities. I wouldn’t like to loose my life because of my own ignorance and carelessness,” said Ibrahim Chetambe, the elected Secretary of the water user committee.

Ibrahim washes his hands.

“I have also learned the importance of good relationships and unity bringing about victory and blessings. And, therefore, being one of the officials, I will always advocate for relationship and unity amongst ourselves so that we may be able to rise up as a community and do great things,” Ibrahim explained.

“The training helped me realize the importance of washing hands regularly with soap and running water. I used just to wash hands most of the time without soap and even in a basin and told myself I had washed hands, but now I will always ensure my family and I use soap and running water to prevent ourselves from contracting the virus,” said Everline Rapando.

Everline Rapando washes her hands at the spring.

“The most helpful part of COVID-19 sensitization training that I received was about mask making and washing hands with running water and soap. I will ensure I wash hands and wipe surfaces with water and soap. I will also ensure that my children put on clean masks as they go to school for their safety,” Everlyn continued.

“Ever since the pandemic hit the country, we avoided going for chamas, we stopped attending funerals and any other gathering.We could not leave homes without a face mask, we also made homemade handwashing stations such as leaky tins, though most of them didn’t have soap.”

Trainees demonstrate contactless greetings.

“We are still worried about the virus, though not so much. Nowadays, we attend chamas, funerals, and other political gatherings. However, when our children and husbands who reside in places such as Nairobi or Mombasa come back to village, they seem to be a threat and so people avoid them and don’t shake their hands for greetings because they are believed to have the virus,” she said.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21302-cheers-for-the-completed-spring


03/23/2021: Olando Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Olando Spring is making people in Mushikulu B, Kenya sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya20024-collecting-water-from-olando-spring-1


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)