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The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Thank You
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  At The Water Point
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  People Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Handing Over
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  God Bless You
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  God Bless You
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Young And Old Acess Water
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Masking Up
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Masking Up
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Issuing Masks
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Issuing Of Training Materials
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Issuing Of Training Materials
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Demonstrating Social Distancing
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Coughing Using Bent Elbow
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Rachel Makokha
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Bryton K
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Digging Of Foundation
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Digging Of Foundation
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Digging Of Foundation
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Community Members Help
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Headwall And Wing Walls
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Headwall And Wing Walls
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Headwall And Wing Walls
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Escape Channel
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Escape Channel
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Setting Up Of Foundation
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Setting Up Of Foundation
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Placing Of Tiles
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Headwall And Wing Walls
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Protective Fence
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Easy Access
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Grass Planted
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Drainage
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Kadi Spring With Fence
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Hilda Anyanga Collecting Water
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Medina At The Spring
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Medina Fetching Water
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Ready To Carry Water Home
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Hilda Anyanga
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Cooking Area Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Farming
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Farming
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Home Compound
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Kitchen Outside
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Landscape
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Elwasambi Community, Kadi Spring -  Preparing A New Garbage Pit

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 12/11/2021

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Elwasambi village features flat terrain and semi-permanent houses. Farming is the most common livelihood of people who live here. 280 people who live in this area depend on unprotected Kadi Spring as their year-round water source.

Because the spring is unprotected, the water is open to all sources of contamination and is not safe for drinking. Despite this, community members have no other water source as reliable as Kadi Spring to turn to.

At one point the community tried improving the spring by adding some masonry and a plastic tarp in an effort to protect the spring. Without all of the proper materials or technical expertise needed for full spring protection, however, the community was unable to secure their water source. Today, community members access the water using two long banana stalks leading the water from the ground into their containers.

“The run-off contaminates the water making it unsafe for drinking. A child can urinate in the water,” said Hilda Anyanga, citing a common concern among adults who depend on this water source.

Runoff particularly dirties the spring water, adding dirt and farm chemicals into the water. Drinking contained water leads to waterborne diseases, particularly typhoid, community members report. Typhoid is expensive to treat, draining families of their financial resources as they pay for medication. When sick, children have to stay home from school, and adults miss out on key productive time at work, at home, and on the farm.

“I feel tired cleaning the container – always with some dirt, always contaminating the water,” said young Medina.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Therefore, protecting the spring and offering training and support will help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold training during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training which will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points to alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water points as soon as the water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is handling, storing, and treating water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. The community and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee elected by their peers that will oversee the spring’s operations and maintenance. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

 

Project Updates


08/18/2021: Kadi Spring Project Complete!

Elwasambi Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Kadi Spring into a flowing source of water, thanks to your donation. Our team protected the spring and trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention.

"Safe and reliable water will help this community live safely, free from water-related diseases like typhoid. We once had an outbreak of typhoid, which affected many families in this community due to the dirty water. This has been a serious problem here, but now we are glad that it has been solved, and this will help the community to be healthy and productive," said Hildah Nandwa.

Children were just as excited as the adults about the new water point.

"I will be coming to fetch water for my mother because it is now easier to access the water. It will help us to drink clean water, and we will not fall sick," said Bryton K.,  a 7-year-old boy.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carried all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the materials collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community members prepared everything, we sent a lorry to the community to deliver the rest of the construction materials, including the cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Women and men lent their strength to the artisan each day to help with the manual labor. First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several surface runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert environmental contaminants carried by the rains away from the spring.

To ensure community members could still fetch water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary diversion channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without severely disrupting community members' water needs or the construction work.

Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After setting the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Next, we began one of the most crucial spring protection steps to ensure a fully functional water point: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe has to be low enough in the headwall so that the water level inside never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to leave eighteen to twenty inches between the pipe and the spring floor. This allows room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, too much backpressure could force the flow to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when the clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched medium to large stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone group into place, forming the rub walls. This helps discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and thus a clogged drainage area.

We then turned to cementing and plastering both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls were curing, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

We transitioned to the final stages of construction with the tiles in place - backfilling the reservoir box. First, we cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen in since its construction, such as dead leaves or other items. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing the water through the discharge pipe only.

With much help from the community, we filled up the reservoir area with the clean and large stones they gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources from aboveground, followed by a layer of soil. We piled enough dirt on top to create a slight mound to compensate for the backfill's future settlement.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it since compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to fetch water. We officially handed over the spring directly following training to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

The representatives of Kadi Spring sang celebration songs and expressed their gratitude for the kind gesture of providing them with clean water.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

Due to the ongoing challenges and restrictions amidst the pandemic, we worked with local leaders and the national Ministry of Health to gain approval for a small group training about health, hygiene, and COVID-19 prevention.

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training to relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived, facilitators, Jacquey & Elvin deployed to the site to lead the event. Eight people attended the training, including village health volunteers. We held the training early in the morning. It was cloudy since it had rained the previous night until that morning making it easier for us to train right at the site since it was not so hot.

Perhaps the most crucial topic of the day was our session on COVID-19 prevention and control. Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the virus and provide extra information where needed.

We covered several other topics, including community participation in the project; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring; dental hygiene; the ten steps of handwashing; and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. In addition, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders during the leadership and governance session.

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that community members can use to start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop small businesses.

"This training has taught me a lot, especially concerning cleanliness and water pollution and preservation. I have realized that my children have had continuous skin infections because I don't often wash their bedding. I have also learned that one can fetch clean water but contaminate it afterward. This has opened my eyes to be careful on how I handle water to keep it safe for use," said Rachel Makokha.

"We plan to make leaky tins to encourage handwashing in our community and train those who didn't attend this training about all the hygiene and sanitation steps we've learned to help us prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus," said Selina Sibilike.

When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21325-at-the-water-point


07/08/2021: Kadi Spring Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Elwasambi Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21325-medina-fetching-water-1


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Imago Dei Community