Iyala is green with many trees and farms of sugarcane, maize, and bananas. Most in this community make their income through small-scale farming or businesses. The motorcycles on the main road can be quite noisy even through the trees as they pass by.
Fetching water every day for the 350 people in this community means traveling quite a distance very early in the morning and again late in the evening. When it rains, the road to the spring is slippery, which makes it hard to access, and the water becomes dirty and unusable until it settles.
The spring is open to contamination, which is a risk to the health of those in the community.
"I personally have been suffering on and off. When I went to the hospital, the doctor told me that [I] am using dirty and contaminated water," said Charles Mulare, a 63-year-old farmer.
When children come from school to fetch water from the unprotected spring, they often immerse containers that are not clean into the water. This, along with other contamination, can lead to waterborne diseases. Complaints of stomachaches after drinking from the spring and money spent to treat typhoid are regular occurrences.
"The water is not safe for my health. The water point is contaminated by the not-so-clean containers that the community members use to draw water," said Michelle O., 12.
What We Can Do:
Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.
Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.
Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More
To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.
The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.
With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.
Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.
One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.
We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.
Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.