Loading images...
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  At The Spring
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Filling Jerrycan
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Happy
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Sammy At The Water Point
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Sammy Drinking Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Smiles
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Women Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Damary Simwa
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Damary Simwa
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Sammy A
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Sammy A
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Dental Hygiene
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Dental Hygiene
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Handwashing Steps Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Making Simple Handwash Container
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Opening Prayer
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Participants At The Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Participants Following The Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Training
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Training Site
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Washing Hands
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Site Measurements
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Escape Channel Opening
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Stair Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Stair Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Drainage Channel Opening
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Drainage Channel Opening
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Floor Plastering
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Backfilling With Black Tarp
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fencing
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Fencing
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Cement Works
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Happy Helpers
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Point
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Point
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Source
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Source
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  The Spring
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Allan At Home
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Allan At Spring
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Allan Collecting Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Allan N
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Banana Plantation
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Calf Grazing
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Cows Grazing
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Garden
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Heavy Jerrycan
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Home Compound
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Landscape
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Landscape
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Landscape
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Long Walk Home
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Mary Bringing Water In Her House
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Mary Burudi
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Mary Fetching Water
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Mary Preparing A Meal
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Mary Storing Water In Her House
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Pit Latrine
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Spring
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Steep Path
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Traditional Homestead
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Utensils Drying
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Muting'ong'o Community -  Woman Inside Her House

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 300 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



In Muting’ong’o, the 300 community members have a daily routine. They wake up as early as 5:30 in the morning to fetch water for drinking, because that is the only time they can be sure the water is clean and not contaminated.

Lining up at the spring is an everyday occurrence. Some people use a scooping jug to fetch water, while others fetch water directly from the spring using jerrycans. This has caused conflict because some believe others’ containers are dirty.

After that, the adults in the community go about their work, which in Mutin’ong’o is commonly farming, working for the local sugarcane company, or selling produce roadside.

Then, later in the day, they come back and fetch water for other uses, once again braving the steep hill that leads from the village to the spring.

They adhere to this regimen in the hopes of avoiding contamination – but they still get sick. Both the young and the old in this community often experience typhoid.

The community members are consuming water that they know is not safe, but they don’t have a choice. Young children are affected most because they cough a lot. This has made parents spend a lot of money at hospitals instead of using the money to support their families.

Mrs. Mary Burudi, a local farmer shown collecting water at the spring above knows this routine all too well. “We have suffered for a long time because of waterborne diseases. The water is always dirty because the spring is open. People queue for a long time because they take their time not to make water at the source dirty.”

People aren’t the only source of water contamination: the waterpoint is commonly accessed by local wildlife. And, it is right next to a farm, whose fertilizer is likely integrated into the runoff that enters the spring whenever it rains.

Rain also makes the surrounding terrain slippery, which makes filling a jerrycan even more difficult: something 8-year-old Allan experiences every day.

“Fetching water from the spring is very risky,” Allan (shown above) said, “because we as children can easily fall inside the spring which can lead to injuries and risking our lives. Protecting the spring will guarantee us children our safety and we will be sure that we will take clean water back home.”

Protecting the spring will mean a lot to them and their lives will change for the better.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


05/09/2022: Muting'ong'o Community Spring Protection Complete!

Muting'ong'o Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Lukasile Burudi Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"When the spring was still under construction, I kept on wondering how water would [rise] up to the pipe level," said 65-year-old farmer Margaret Lukasile. "On the day backfilling was done, I had to be there to witness the magic. I was very excited to finally see water flowing. This has been my dream for many years. There will be no more waterborne and water-related diseases like typhoid and stomachache for my family and I."

"Fetching water is easy and fast," Margaret continued. "I don't have to wake up early and go fetch water for the fear of not getting clean water for drinking. Water can be fetched at any time of the day and its cleanliness is guaranteed. Now I will have more time to attend to my ailing husband and also work in the farm."

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"This water is very clean and safe for drinking," said nine-year-old Sammy A. "Before I could line up for [a] long [time] as I waited for my turn to fetch water, but now the jerrican is filled very fast through the installed pipe."

Sammy fills a glass.

"Accessing the spring is also easy since [the] stairs were put in place," Sammy continued. "With the current water point, I am able to assist my mum to fetch water, but still have time to do my homework and play, too."

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Locals lent their strength to the artisans to help with the manual labor.

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

Community members assisted our artisans with excavation.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work.

Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Brickwork in progress.

Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to fetch water.

Finished waterpoint.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training to relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived, facilitators Christine, Samuel, and Oscar deployed to the site to lead the event. 21 people attended the training, including 15 women and six men. We held the training at our community contact Mr. Burudi's house.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

Community members watch the handwashing demonstration.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

One topic that got the community members talking was water handling and disinfection. We asked the participants how to handle water to keep it clean. One response that got the facilitators' attention was filtration. A woman said that she uses a piece of cloth to filter her drinking water, but she uses the same cloth for several days without cleaning it. She was urged to clean the cloth after each use.

When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22011-1-women-celebrating-water-10


03/28/2022: Lukasile Burudi Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Muting'ong'o Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22011-collecting-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Project Sponsor - SJR