Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 175 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/30/2024

Project Features

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The members of Lunyinya community have been fighting typhoid and diarrhea for as far back as anyone can remember. The cause is drinking contaminated water from the open spring. Decades ago, the spring was protected, but it has since fallen into disrepair. Now, the water that comes from the discharge pipe makes everyone who drinks it sick.

Josphat Cheroti, who owns the land the spring is on and is therefore its namesake, explained the cost of drinking dirty water for him. He's in the below picture filling the handwashing station near his home. "Accessing clean water has been a major challenge, and most of the time, I have been forced to visit the hospital for some medication. The medication is expensive."

Sickness, for a farmer like Josphat, also makes it hard to earn a living. All Josphat's daily tasks involve manual labor, which can be painful and tiring to anyone, let alone someone suffering from water-related illness. And he's not the only one whose everyday life is impacted by ingesting contaminated water.

"Consuming water without boiling [it] really affects my health," said 12-year-old Patrick N, in the picture below. "Most times, [I] am forced to be absent in school so I can look for medical attention."

Although contamination is this spring's main problem, it's not the only issue. A huge population accesses this spring every day for water, according to our field officers. This means that many times throughout the day, the spring can become congested with people who must wait in line for hours at a time in order to fill their jerrycans with water. And, once they're the first in line, fetchers must step into the stagnant water beneath the pipe, which is not only inconvenient but dangerous, too.

"Accessing water [at] this source, especially when it rains, is a big challenge," Patrick continued. "[I] am forced to wake up early so that I can fetch water in peace."

With a repaired, protected spring, fetching water here will be a much more pleasant experience for everyone in Lunyinya. Wait times will decrease or disappear altogether, and time will be spent on more productive things than seeking medication.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates

November, 2022: Lunyinya Community Spring Protection Complete!

Luninya Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Josphat Cheroti Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"The young, the old, and even the disabled can now access water without any difficulty," said the spring's namesake, 52-year-old farmer Josphat Cheroti.

Josphat drinking water at the spring.

"I will now be able to access clean and clear water with ease," he continued. "It will help me to get water within the shortest time possible, and the water will assist my family and me to maintain high levels of hygiene."

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"[I] am thirteen years old, and I was born with sickle cell anemia, which has greatly affected my health and my growth. I am also disabled, and movement is a problem for me. Now that the spring has been protected, [I] am now able to access the spring and fetch water since the floor is no longer slippery as it used to be," said Derrick S.

Derrick at the spring.

"I can now get to the spring, get water, and make it to school on time. [I] am now able to get water for my general cleaning without depending on anybody," Derrick concluded.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work. Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement.

After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs. Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from their local field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training and relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived, facilitators Jacklyne and Christine deployed to the site to lead the event. 24 people attended the training, including 19 women and five men. We held the training at Josphat Cheroti's compound.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

"Soap-making was the most memorable topic because participants were so anxious to get this new concept," said trainer Jacklyne.

She continued: "It was memorable because no sooner had the training ended than members of this community made soap and started selling it in the community and in the neighborhood."

The secretary of the newly elected water user committee, 40-year-old Mary Mwombe, said, "I have been taught so much about hygiene, and I believe this information will help me to observe and maintain high levels and standards of hygiene. My compound, my teeth, my hands, and even my body will now be taken care of appropriately."

Elected Water User Committee (Mary in blue t-shirt).


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

September, 2022: Lunyinya Community Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Lunyinya Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

A Year Later: More Time for Studying and Friends!

November, 2023

A year ago, your generous donation helped the Lunyinya Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Wilkista. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lunyinya Community 8.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lunyinya Community 8 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Wilkista M., 12, recalled what life was like in the Lunyinya Community before her community's spring was protected last year.

"We used to overcrowd at the water point, which was time-consuming and forced us to wake up early in the morning to avoid the crowd," Wilkista shared.

Collecting water is now much less demanding for Wilkista and the other community members in the Lunyinya Community.

"We no longer overcrowd at the water point as before which saves more time to assist our parents with daily chores and [allows me to] spare some time to play with my friend," she added.

Having ready access to water from the spring has made a difference for Wilkista.

"By getting water on time, [I] have been able to spare time for my personal studies, both at home and at school, and [have] more time to help my parents with other house chores," Wilkista concluded.

Right now, there are others in neighboring communities that desperately need safe water access. Your support will immediately go to work to provide a clean water project - and we can't wait to introduce you to the next person you'll help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lunyinya Community 8 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Lunyinya Community 8 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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