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The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Farming
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Farming
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Animal Grazing
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Compost Pit
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Farm Produce
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Farm Produce
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Farming
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Felistus Injendi
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Felistus Injendi
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Firewood Drying
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Homestead
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Inside Kitchen Firewood
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Inside Kitchen Lighting The Jiko
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Latrine
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Latrine
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Organic Manure
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Thomas S
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Unprotected Watersource
The Water Project: Makhwabuye Community 3 -  Washing Clothes

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  07/15/2022

Project Features


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The 210 community members of Makhwabuye tried to protect Takanyi Spring on their own due to sicknesses the community members often experience after drinking the water. Unfortunately, it wasn’t done properly.

The spring box, which is the area where the water flows through to be filtered, has been compromised by people and animals constantly walking over the area. This means the layers of rock, clay, and soil have become compacted and can no longer do what they were designed to.

This leaves the community members still experiencing diarrhea, typhoid, and even vomiting. For children, this means they are often absent from school.

However, because water is always available at Takanyi Spring (even during the dry season), many people from neighboring communities come to collect water. This leads to overcrowding and fighting among the people waiting in line.

“Personally I find it so hard to quarrel and fight,” said Felistus Injendi (46), a local farmer (pictured above). “At this water point during the dry season, many people do not talk to each [other] for lack of water and discipline. This breeds hatred which leads to fights.”

“I wish the spring to be helped so we can have order during the time of fetching water,” said Thomas S., 12 (pictured below).

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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