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The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Children Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Children Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Children Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Children Taking Water Home
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Cleaning Compound
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick And Mrs Imbofu With Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick And Younger Brother
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick W
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derrick W At Water Point
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Derricks Dad With Cattle
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Family Compound
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Family Homestead
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Florence Imbofu Collects Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Homestead
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Imbofu Spring
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Imbofu Spring
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Landscape
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Latrines
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Roselyne At Water Source
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Roselyne Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Roselyne Imbofu
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Roselyne Imbofu Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Roselyne Making Tea
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Washing Dishes
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water Carrying Help
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water For Chores
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water For Home
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Water Storage In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mulwanda Community, Imbofu Spring -  Animals Grazing

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/19/2022

Project Features


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The community members of Mulwanda tried to protect Imbofu Spring. Still, all their efforts were in vain since the protection was done incorrectly. Water is coming from all sides of the spring into the collection area, filling the collection pipe and the collection area with muddy water and dirt.

Each time the 350 community members go to the spring, the first thing they must do is pull mud out of the collection pipe. Then scoop the dirt out from underneath their feet to line up their container to collect water. Those that do not go through the process to remove the dirt scoop up muddy water from the stagnant pool near their feet to take home.

The process takes a long time and makes the water dirtier and more contaminated. The source is always overcrowded because it takes quite some time to clean the spring and fetch water. This has led to conflicts amongst the women and children and put a strain on people’s relationships in the community.

“My hand strains a lot, and I sometimes feel pain when [I] am resting. I use a scooping jug most of the time because with my age, [I] am not able to clean the spring by removing all the mud around. It sometimes results in fetching dirty water, after which my mum scolds me back at home, and this has made me hate fetching water,” shared twelve-year-old Derrick W.

Children under the age of five are the most affected by the contaminated water flowing from the spring. They are often sick and suffer from typhoid, diarrhea, coughing, and skin rashes. Their parents spend a lot of money on medication and treatment, leaving the family struggling financially.

“My grandchildren have always complained of stomach ache and visiting the hospital it turns out that they had typhoid. This sometimes is very expensive. As a mother, it really affects me because I won’t have peace while I see children becoming sick all the time,” said Mrs. Roselyne Imbofu Namulunda, a 68-year-old farmer.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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