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The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Storage In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Storage In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Outside The Homestead
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Outside A Homestead
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Latrines
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Latrines
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Landscape
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Household
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Grandpa Making A Window
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Girl Cooking In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Florence Libuyi Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Florence Libuyi At Waterpoint
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Florence Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Family At Their Home
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Drinking Water Storage
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Community Member At Posho Mill
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Clothes Drying On Ground
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Banana Plantation
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Abdi Libuyi At His Bee Farm
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Aaron M
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Aaron M
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Aaron Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Aaron Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukaniro Community, Libuyi Spring -  Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  07/15/2022

Project Features


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The community of Mukaniro relies on Libuyi Springas its primary water source: a small pool of water surrounded by grass located at the bottom of a steep pathway. Because the pool of water is so shallow and there is no collection pipe, community members must bend over and place their jerrycan in the water sideways to allow it to fill or use a scooping container.


Sadly, the open spring is causing more harm than good, since runoff, animals, and people contaminate the water. It is making the 250 people who rely on it, especially the children, sick with typhoid and diarrhea.


“As a child, I have had diarrhea so many times, and this has made me and my younger siblings so weak. The doctor said the source of water is a problem, and my parents should change the source of water,” said Aron M., age 6.

When community members arrive at the spring, even early in the morning, the spring is overcrowded, so they waste time in long lines to collect the water they need for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. Then more time is wasted as they wait for the cloudy, muddy water to settle between users. People could use this time to complete other critical daily tasks like growing food for selling and eating, side businesses, cooking, and cleaning.

“As a mother, I spend all day looking for water, and this strains me a lot. Queueing for hours gives me back pains, and sometimes I endure the pains so that my family can have clean water,” said Florence Libuyi, a local farmer.

Mukaniro needs their spring protected to have a safe water source they can rely on that will not make them sick or steal their valuable time and energy.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors