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The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  All Smiles Here
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  All Smiles Here
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  At The Waterpoint
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  At The Waterpoint
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Ayuma Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Children Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Children Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Children Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Cleaning Her Bucket
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  The Smile Of Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Ferrying Water Home
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Christopher Wambulwa
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Erick Shango
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Esther Jerico
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Initial Site Clearing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Site Measurement
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Site Measurement
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Excavation Process
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Excavation Process
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Excavation Process
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Setting Plastic Sheet
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Setting Chicken Wire
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Setting Chicken Wire
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Setting Concrete Mix
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Setting Concrete Mix
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Slab Marking
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Fitting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Fitting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Floor Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Floor Plastering
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Plaque Inscription
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Stones
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Stones
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Black Plastic
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Black Plastic
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Soil Cover
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Backfilling Soil Cover
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Cutoff Drainage
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Community Administrator Giving Remarks
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Group Photo
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Handwashing Activity
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Handwashing Activity
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Handwashing Activity
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Mask Wearing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Mask Wearing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Sodis Demonstration
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Sodis Demonstration
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Susan Khatenje
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Training By Charts
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Training By Charts
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Training In Session
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Training In Session
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Training In Session
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Handling Training
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Handling Training
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Handling Training
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  A Community House
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Community Landscape
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Elizabeth S
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Firewood In Kitchen
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Garbage Pile
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Household Compound
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Maize Farm
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Milcar A
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Mang'uliro Community 3 -  Water Storage

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 224 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The residents of Mang’uliro community head to the Christopher Wambula Spring very early every morning to fetch water so they can get there before the water is stirred up.

The small spring that serves this community of 224 people is found at the bottom of a steep, narrow pathway, surrounded by grass. People crouch down and scoop water with their containers (often contaminated) from the shallow pool to draw water.

Collecting water also means stepping into the spring to gain footing, which stirs up the dirt from the bottom of the spring and makes the water cloudy and brown. This causes those waiting to have inconvenient delays and leads to long lines.

“When it rains, we cannot fetch water from the spring, because the water becomes dirty, so we wait until the following day when we can get at least water to use,” said Milcar Achieng, a 24-year-old female farmer shown below.

“After school, I find a large crowd at the spring, which makes me do my homework late at night. Sometimes I don’t complete my homework,” said Elizabeth S. (shown below).

Because the water is contaminated, community members spend a lot of money to treat water-borne diseases like typhoid and diarrhea. This creates financial strain on families and slows their progress in other areas.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

 

Project Updates


08/29/2022: Mang'uliro Community Spring Protection Complete!

Mang'uliro Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Christopher Wambula Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation.

Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"This water point will enable us as a family to help our children live a healthy life through access to water and [give] spare [time] sometimes for my grandchildren to study. My grandchildren will access this water with ease, which I feel is a legacy I have achieved," said 60-year-old farmer Christopher Wambula, the spring's namesake.

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"I will be able to fetch clean water so fast without wasting time when sent by our parents, as compared to the previous times, whereby we used to take a lot of time collecting dirty water when sent," said 14-year-old Augustine M.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work. Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement.

Laying the foundation.

After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs. Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

Setting the discharge pipe.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

Transplanting grass.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from their local field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training and relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived, facilitators Mildred, Rachael, and Amos deployed to the site to lead the event. 13 people attended the training, including five women and eight men. We held the training under a tree in the fresh air.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

Soapmaking session.

Soapmaking was the most popular session of the day. The participants were taught the necessary reagents and the process of making soap. After mixing their first batch, they all celebrated. There was such a keen interest that participants requested an additional session to make soap while facilitators watched to be sure they had mastered the skill.

Training participants.

"There were numerous skills gained, like when it comes to income-generating. I have the knowledge on soap making," said Erick Shango, a 25-year-old farmer and secretary of the water user committee.

Erick.

"As a result, I will prepare my own soap and then sell it, hence getting some money that will be helpful not only to me, but to many," concluded Erick.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we're working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22076-0-all-smiles-here


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Project Underwriter - TGB Caring with Crypto