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The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  People At Waterpoint
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Griffin A
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Griffin A
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Leah Disi
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Maureen Anyona
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Maureen Anyona
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Zipporah M
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Initial Site Clearence
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Site Measurement
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Slab Setting With Plastic
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Slab Setting With Wire
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Slab Setting With Concrete
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Brick Work
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Backfilling With Clay
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Backfilling With Plastic
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Cut Off Drainage
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Distributing Materials
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Distributing Materials
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Group Photo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Handwashing Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Handwashing Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Handwashing Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Handwashing Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Ongoing Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Oral Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Oral Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Oral Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Training Using Charts
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Training Using Charts
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Training Using Charts
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Storage Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Treatment Demo
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Site Measurement
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Victor Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Carrying Water Inside
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Storing Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriam Washing Dishes
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Miriams Family
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Jane Cooking
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Jane Feeding Ducks
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Jane Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Jane Washing Utensils
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Brian M
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Brian M
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Familly Members
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Homestead Sample
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Jane Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Latrine
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Maggy Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Maggy Collecting Water
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Maize Farm
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Storage Container
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Sugarcane Plantation
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Vivan Washing Utensils
The Water Project: Lunyinya Community 7 -  Weeding Sugarcane

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 286 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Musungu Spring is not only open to all forms of contamination, but it is also difficult to access. Despite this, because it’s the only water source around, there is often overcrowding, with people jostling for who deserves to fetch water first. All these factors make fetching water for the 286 members of Lunyinya community a very tedious and tiring experience.

One of the village elders, Victor Mukubu (pictured above at the spring), knows the issues surrounding Musungu Spring well. “I personally have been affected mostly on wasting time due to overcrowding of people at the water source who come from far distance to fetch water. The water we fetch is not safe for human consumption, which contributes to health issues among people.”

Because getting water is so tiresome, the community members will delay getting the water they need for tasks like cooking and cleaning. As a result, the hygiene of the entire community has suffered, which exacerbates the illnesses and infections caused by drinking the spring’s unclean water. Lunyinya’s children are consistently missing school, and families are short on money for medications to treat constant waterborne illnesses.

“As a child from this community, I have experienced a lot of challenges concerning accessing of clean and safe water which has really contributed to sickness,” said Brian M., a local student (pictured below).

“Even manual cleaning is not done on daily basis, i.e. washing uniforms, utensils, bathing, and general cleaning of the house. This has really [resulted in] absenteeism in school, which contributes to poor performance.”

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


09/28/2022: Lunyinya Community Spring Protection Complete!

Lunyinya Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Musungu Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"[I] am really glad and joyful inside my heart for the great gift God has given us through you people. [I] am in a position to access clean, safe water, which is a new dawn in my life. This will enable me to improve on matters concerning hygiene and sanitation standards, i.e. washing clothes daily for my family, cooking using clean water, bathing daily, and [my] children will no longer be absent in school due to sickness caused by unsafe water or [the] lack of water," said 28-year-old farmer Maureen Anyona.

Maureen (in striped shirt) collecting water with other community members.

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"My expectations have changed to realities through this new water source. [I will have] much time to focus on my studies and also ensure my star shines. Manual cleaning will be done on a daily basis, bathing, no absenteeism in school due to dirty uniforms, and also our parents will not spend money on sickness, and thus they will pay school fees for me," said 14-year-old Griffin A. "My dream is to become a community health officer by ensuring [I] am working extra hard and finishing [my] assignments on time."

Griffin.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

Community members collect materials.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work. Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement.

After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs. Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

Setting the discharge pipe.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

Placing tiles beneath the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

Backfilling with stones.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

Transplanting grass.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from their local field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring to the elected officials with community members looking on with excited faces. A community elder offered a prayer, and young and old alike began splashing in the water. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training and relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

When the day arrived, facilitators Victor Musemi and Jonathan Mutai deployed to the site to lead the event. 27 people attended the training, including 22 women and five men. We held the training outside at one of the community member's homes.

Distributing training materials.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

Leah Disi.

"To me, this was a golden chance that really changed the approach that I normally do in my daily life. Today's great things [I learned] will be achieved concerning hygiene and sanitation, i.e. training others, and also performing practically for the betterment of my life and community at large," said participant Leah Disi.

The soapmaking session was a favorite amongst participants. People watched every step while the reagents were being mixed and could not believe that soap could be made locally simply using reagents and water. They determined as a group to prepare soap and sell it to the community at a cheaper price, empowering themselves.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22088-0-people-at-waterpoint


08/08/2022: Lunyinya Community Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Lunyinya Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22088-2-site-measurement-1


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Project Underwriter - TGB Caring with Crypto