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The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  At The Spring
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Gift Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Gift Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Happy Community Members
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Happy Community Members
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  People Wash Their Hands
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  People Wash Their Hands
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  People Wash Their Hands
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing At The Spring
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing At The Spring
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing At The Water Point
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing At Water Point
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing At Water Point
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Posing Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Water Celebration
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Site Measurement
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Diversion Channel Opening
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Plastic Sheet
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Chicken Wire
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Concrete Mix
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Slab Marking
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Stair Construction
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Large Rocks
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Large Rocks
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Large Rocks
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Plastic
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Plastic
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Soil Cover
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Barbed Wire
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Staying Safe
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Enlightened Community
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Grace Mateche
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Grace Mateche
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Oral Hygiene
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Oral Hygiene
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Oral Hygiene
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Reuben Mikalo
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Reuben Mikalo
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Shelvine Barasa
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Springs Leadership
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Training
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Training
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Training Participant
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Training Venue
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Sugercane Plantation
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Plaiting Hair
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Outside The Toilet
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Outside The Bathroom
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Mr Luvonga
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Mr Luvonga Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Mr Luvonga
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Joseph K
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Homestead
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Home
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Family Outside Their Home
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Dogs Kennel
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Bathroom Made From Offcuts
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Banana Plantation
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Joseph Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Nafula
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Nafula
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Nafula
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Carrying Water Into Her Home
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Heading To The Spring
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia And Joseph Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Joseph Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Livia Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Joseph Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Ikoli Community 3 -  Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Not only is Luvonga Spring difficult to access, but its water also makes everyone in Ikoli community sick.

While community members fetch water, there is no good place for them to stand due to the slippery area and flexible tree roots all around the eye of the spring. People frequently fall and suffer injuries, sometimes destroying their containers in the process.

Then, once people return home and drink the water, they often find themselves feeling worse and worse. The most-reported illnesses from drinking Luvonga’s water are typhoid and amoeba, among others.

“[I] am personally affected with the current water situation because I have been ailing from Amoeba,” said Livia Wafula, 26 (pictured above at the spring). “The medication was expensive, so [I] didn’t finish the dose, and [now I] am not able to run the business I had.”

Unfortunately, her situation is not unique. Many people in Ikoli have had to put normally essential tasks on hold due to water-related illnesses.

“My parents have spent a lot [of] money treating typhoid, but all was in vain,” said Joseph K., 11 (in the picture below). He explained that because he has only been able to take the medicine sporadically, he still suffers from typhoid.

“We have nothing remaining to stabilize our family,” Joseph said. “[I] am affected psychologically.”

But as Joseph’s shirt says, dreams do come true! Ikoli has high hopes for the implementation of the protected spring. Once they have a source of reliable, safe water, they will be able to save money, reopen businesses, and attend school as they should.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


10/25/2022: Luvonga Spring Protection Complete!

Ikoli Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Luvonga Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"Since our spring has been well protected, drawing water is no longer a challenge. Before the spring was protected, the rate of water-borne diseases was high. At the moment, [I] am confident that we shall no longer suffer from waterborne diseases since all the routes of contamination are blocked," said 51-year-old farmer Shelvine Barasa.

Shelvine.

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"Now that our water is direct from the pipe, very little time will be used at the water point, and I will have time to play with my friends and even do revision together after we are done drawing water," said 16-year-old Samuel L.

Samuel L.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

Community participation and involvement were key to this project's success.  Community members assembled stones from their farms and sand from neighboring river banks and ferried hardware materials, and the women joyfully agreed to provide meals during the construction period until the work was done. It could not have happened without everyone's involvement.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work. Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement.

After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs. Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from their local field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training and relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Training participants.

When the day arrived, facilitators Betty and Stella deployed to the site to lead the event. 10 people attended the training, including nine women and one man. We held the training in the compound of Mr. Baraza, the landowner of where the spring is located.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

Soap-making session.

Spring management and maintenance was a favorite training session amongst participants, and hopefully, the knowledge gained will keep their project functioning for years to come.

"The training has been of great importance to me because there is a number of things that I did know how they should be done. For example, handwashing is seen as a sample thing done on daily basis, but it has steps that should be followed or observed. Personally, I have learned a lot during the training, and [I] am grateful," said 26-year-old farmer and secretary of the water user committee Annabel Atieno.

The Water User members.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22091-0-carrying-water-2


09/07/2022: Ikoli Community Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Ikoli Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22091-1-site-measurement-4


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors


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3 individual donor(s)