It's easy to see, when looking at the green algae lining the bottom of Lutomia Karande Spring, why this water would cause illness among the 210 community members of Shitirira.
Many community members, children especially, have reported stomachaches. But the most prevalent illness in Shitirira is typhoid, which can be far more serious. Families have spent startling percentages of their income on medication: something this community of bean and sugarcane farmers can't afford.
But suffering from water-related illnesses has many costs, and most of them aren't monetary.
"I feel so bad when I miss going to school," said 16-year-old Vilentine L, in the photo below. "I miss school because of typhoid. I realized [there has been] a drop in my academic performance."
With missing school so often, Vilentine's future career prospects are in jeopardy, but that's minor compared to the consequences for her health. Repeated typhoid infections could also affect her long-term.
“Children require more water (by weight) than adults, so their exposure to water-borne pathogens is much higher. Diarrhoeal diseases cause dehydration in children much faster than in adults. Children are more likely to develop severe infections and experience complications during recovery due to their small body size and their developing immune systems, which provide little natural immunity or resistance.” - UNICEF
Constant, debilitating illnesses have left community members feeling unable to complete their daily tasks.
"We are tired of being sick and our children always being absent from school," said 65-year-old farmer Juliet Anyona, in the photo above. "Our health is not good as a result of waterborne diseases."
With a protected spring nearby, Shitirira's community members will no longer suffer from the same water-related illnesses that have plagued them their whole lives.
What We Can Do:
Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.
Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.
Training on Health, Hygiene and More
To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.
The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.
Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.
One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.
We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.
Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.