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The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Women Celebrating At The Water Point
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Women Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Celine M
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Cheers To Clean Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Drinking Clean Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Drinking Clean Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Every Drop Counts
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Chemase
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Chemase Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Chemase Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Chemase Drinking Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Celine Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Chemase Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Drinking Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Mike Is Happy
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Playing With Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ruth Wasike
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  She Is Excited
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Celebrations
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Is Life
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Is Life
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Wesley Is Playing With Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Women Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Celine M
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Nafuna
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Active Participation
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dishrack Making
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dishrack Making
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Distributing Training Materials
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Group Work
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Jonathan Gives Speech
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Soap Making Reagents
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Using Training Aids
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Voting For Leaders
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Group Photo
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Health Volunteers
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Initial Site Clearance
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Diversion Channel Opening
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Slab Setting Laying Concrete
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Slab Setting Laying Concrete
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Slab Setting Laying Polythene
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Slab Setting Laying Wiremesh
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Covering The Structure From Rain
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Discharge Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Stairs Setting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Stairs Development
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Drainage Channel Development
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Inside Plaster
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Inside Plaster
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Floor Plastering
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Floor Plastering
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Backfilling With Stones
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ferrying Backfilling Rocks
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Backfilling With Polythene
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Complete Water Point
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Granary
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Sugarcane Plantation
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Sugarcane Plantation
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Smearing The House With Mud
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Preparing Vegetables
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Pathways
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Pathways
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Latrines
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Latrines
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Latrines
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Nafula
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Justine Nafula
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Homestead
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Homestead
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Homestead
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Going To The Spring
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Fetching Drinking Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ferrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ferrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ferrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Ferrying Water Home
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Farmland
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Farmland
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Farm Waste Pit
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Domestic Animals
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Celestine K
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Celestine K
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Cattle Grazing
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Cattle Grazing
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Animal Shelter
The Water Project: Sambuli Community 3 -  Bathing Shelter

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 287 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The worst problem facing Sambuli’s 287 people is waterborne disease.

The community members try to get up as early as possible to fetch water when everything is still, before the water is filled with sediment. Unfortunately, no matter how early they reach the water point, water clear of sediment won’t prevent the illnesses causing them so much pain and financial strife.

“The greatest challenge [I] face is to be healthy,” said 35-year-old farmer Justine Nafula (in the above photo). “I have suffered from typhoid disease for a long time now. I have used a lot of money to cater to medication [and medical] attention.”

Looking at the spring, you might think it was protected, given that it has a headwall and discharge pipe. Although these features make the water slightly easier to fetch (if standing in a pool of stagnant water to fill a jerrycan sounds easy), there is no system in place to filter the water.

The stream is at the bottom of a hill, surrounded by farmland. Surface runoff and carcinogenic fertilizer run downhill and pool in the community’s water.

13-year-old Celestine (in the photo above) misses most school days because the water she drinks is slowly poisoning her. “[The] unprotected spring has greatly affected my performance in school, as most of the time [I] am forced to stay at home and seek medical attention.”

A reliable source of clean water will improve so much about the lives of those who live in Sambuli.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


06/28/2022: Sambuli Community Spring Protection Complete!

Sambuli Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Jonathan Chemase Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

Farmer Jonathan Chemase shared, "God has been faithful to me and he has helped me to see 79 years. In my entire life, I have seen miracles happen but witnessing [the] protection of this spring is one of the memorable moments in my life. [I] am so happy that at my old age I can see my family which includes children and grandchildren access [to] water from the spring with ease and safety."

Jonathan takes a drink.

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

"Since I was born I have seen my grandparents and my parents having a big challenge getting water from the then unprotected spring. [I] am happy that during my time things have changed. I will now take the shortest time to get water from the spring," said Celine, 13.

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

Community members mixing concrete.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Locals lent their strength to the artisans to help with the manual labor.

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

Excavation.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work.

Foundation.

Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Setting the discharge pipe.

Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

Making the rub walls.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

Plastering.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

Laying tile on the spring floor.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed four tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

Backfilling the reserve box with stones.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

Transplanting grass.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to fetch water.

We officially handed over the spring to mark the community's ownership of the water point. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions. A local pastor offered a prayer full of thanksgiving and appreciation and the community women were seen singing. Our field officer shared that his heart was happy when community members whispered to him, "This is great."

Completed spring.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training to relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Opening with prayer.

When the day arrived, facilitators Beverlyne Injerwa and Jacklyne Chelagat deployed to the site to lead the event. 20 people attended the training, including 18 women and two men. We held the training under a tree.

Passing out learning materials.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

Learning about spring maintenance.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

Justine collecting water from the spring.

"Knowledge is power. [I] am a better person now [that I] am well informed and an empowered woman. My life and that of my children will never remain the same. I have acquired enough skills and ideas that will help me in achieving my goals and vision," said Justine Nafuna, a 39-year-old farmer and secretary of the Water User Committee.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our partners, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program. We have an ongoing commitment to walk with each community, cooperatively problem-solving when they face challenges of any kind: with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. With all these components together, we strive to ensure enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22122-0-ruth-wasike-3


04/29/2022: Sambuli Community 3 Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Sambuli Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22122-fetching-water-1


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Independent Pipe and Supply