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The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Samson M
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Rainwater Containers
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Rainwater Containers
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Open Compound
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Maize Farming
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Long Way Home
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Journey Home
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Homestead
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Fireplace In Kitchen
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Dog Kennel
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Cow Pen
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Composting Area
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Cloths Drying
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Climb Uphill
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Christines House
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Christines Family
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Christine Manyasi
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Chicken Nests
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Carrying Water Uphill
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Anangwe Spring Close Up
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Anangwe Spring
The Water Project: Emukangu C Community, Anangwe Spring -  Bedding Drying

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  07/15/2022

Project Features


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Emukangu C’s 175 community members are stuck in a cycle of poverty caused by the contaminated water they are forced to drink every day. Adults and children alike constantly suffer from diarrhea, typhoid, and debilitating stomach cramps. This means money is being spent on medicine and hospital visits rather than on developing businesses to sustain themselves (or literally anything else).

The community members tried to protect the spring themselves a few years back. But the people’s unrelenting illnesses mean that the water source has been contaminated.

Christine M., a housewife who lives in Emukangu C (pictured below with her children), recounted her experience with waterborne illness for us. “We have been using this source for a while now. [I], personally, have had different occasions being sick and I did not know the cause. I would have stomach problems every time I take this water without treating [it], even being rushed to the hospital one time.”

Her son, Samson (12), has experienced similar problems (the boy on the right in the above picture). “Just recently, I was admitted [to the hospital] for having contracted typhoid fever and severe malaria. It was so painful, I could not sit or stand upright because of the pains I was feeling in my stomach. The doctor said that this was because of taking contaminated water. So that means our current source of water is not safe for human consumption.”

All these health issues would be bad enough without the treacherous route community members have to hike multiple times a day to collect water. During the rainy season, the path becomes especially slippery and muddy, which causes fetchers physical injury as well as illness from the contaminated water.

People in Emukangu C farm, but only enough to feed themselves. However, the community once had a flourishing quarry that sold aggregate (gravel) for construction. The soil is fertile and could be used for larger-scale farming. All the community members of Emukangu need is time and energy to make their community thrive again – time and energy that will come with a protected spring that is easily accessible and safe for consumption.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors