Loading images...
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Girl Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Girl Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Girl Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Girl Playing With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Girl Posing With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Happy
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Man Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Posin With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Posing With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Seth Changalia
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Seth Changalia
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  The Water Point
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Using Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson K
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Posing With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dickson Posing With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Caroline Amisi Secretary
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn Changala
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn Changala
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carolyn With Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  David Masahi Treasurer
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Seth Changalia
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Seth Changalia Chairpreson
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Ongoing Training Session
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Showcasing Soap Reagents
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Session
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Session
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  A Shared Moment
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Solar Disinfection Training
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Session
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Session
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Training Visual Aids
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Inital Site Clearance
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Drainage Channel Opening
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Diversion Channel Opening
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Excavation
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Brick Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Brick Works
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Brick Works
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Brickworks
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Stairs Construction
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Outside Plastering
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Plaque Inscription
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Backfilling With Large Rocks
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Backfilling With Large Rocks
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Backfilling With Black Plastic
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Backfill With Soil
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Fencing
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Complete Spring
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Complete Spring
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Complete Spring
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Complete Spring
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Complete Spring
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Washing Dishes
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Storing Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Storing Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Mark At The Water Point
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Mark
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Landscape
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Inside Latrine
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Compound
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Children Outside A Home
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Caroline Chanjali
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Boiling Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Bath Shelter
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Banana Trees
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  A Boy Feeding Animals
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Mark Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Mark Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Caroline Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Source
The Water Project: Shianda Community 11 -  Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 230 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jul 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



If the 230 residents of Shianda Community don’t rise for the day promptly at five a.m., they know the water they fetch will be brown with dirt that has been stirred up by others’ jerrycans and scooping containers. Without the money to hire someone to protect their spring, this is the best way they know to provide the cleanest possible water for themselves and their loved ones. Unfortunately, they are still constantly sick.

Caroline Chanjali (pictured above at the spring) is struggling financially because of the contaminated water. “I am the breadwinner in my family, but I have been down always with typhoid. This has affected the family because I have stopped going to work, looking for medication. We are running short of money and straining as a family.”

The spring is surrounded by trees and forest, visited regularly by animals, and rife with algae. It’s no wonder that the community members report rampant cases of typhoid and amoeba.

But this isn’t the only problem with collecting water from Ben Keverenge Spring. Shianda’s people also report that falls when navigating the steep and slippery routes to the spring are not only common, but likely.

“I fell with a jerrycan of water while I was coming from the spring,” shared Mark M., shown above. “They took me to hospital. This has made me develop a lot of complications.”

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates


07/27/2022: Shianda Community Spring Protection Complete!

Shianda Community now has access to clean water! We transformed Ben Keverenge Spring into a flowing source of naturally filtered water thanks to your donation. Our team also trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for community members to live better, healthier lives.

"Access to reliable, safe water is going to impact my life because it is easier to access water and no time is wasted in the spring. To add [to] that, me and my family, we are safe and free from waterborne diseases," said Carolyn Changala, a 38-year-old farmer.

Carolyn collects water at the spring.

Children were just as excited as adults about the new waterpoint.

Dickson fills his drinking glass.

"Safe water from this water point will impact my life because [the] time that was wasted at the water point shall be recovered in my studies," said Dickson K., age 11. "Before the water point was implemented, people used to crowd at the water point. This wasted a lot of time and aroused a lot of conflicts. But now I can access water easily and have enough time to do my homework and study. [I] am going to excel in my academics, and this will make my parents and teachers proud of me."

Preparing for Spring Protection

Community members worked together to source and carry all locally available construction materials to the spring. These included bricks, sand, stones, and fencing poles. Some people also chiseled away at large rocks to break them down into gravel. Because people have to carry most items by hand, the material-collection process can take anywhere from a few weeks to months.

When the community was ready, we sent a lorry to deliver the remaining construction materials, including cement, plastic tarps, and hardware. Then, our construction artisan and field officers deployed to the spring to begin work. Individual households provided meals throughout each day to sustain the work team.

From Open Source to Protected Spring: A Step-by-Step Process

At last, it was time to dig in at the spring! Locals lent their strength to the artisans to help with the manual labor.

First, we cleared and excavated the spring area. Next, we dug a drainage channel below the spring and several runoff diversion channels above and around the spring. These help to divert surface contaminants away.

To ensure community members could still access water throughout the construction process, we also dug temporary channels from the spring's eye around the construction site. This allowed water to flow without disrupting community members' tasks or the construction work.

Laying the foundation plastic and wire.

Excavation created space for setting the spring's foundation, made of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, concrete, and waterproof cement. After establishing the base, we started brickwork to build the headwall, wing walls, and stairs.

Beginning brickwork.

Once the walls had grown tall enough, we began one of the most crucial steps: setting the discharge pipe. The discharge pipe needs to be positioned low enough in the headwall so the water level never rises above the spring's eye, yet high enough to allow room for the average jerrycan (a 20-liter container) to sit beneath the pipe without making contact.

Setting the discharge pipe.

If we place the discharge pipe too high above the spring's eye, backpressure could force water to emerge elsewhere. Too low, and community members would not be able to access the water easily. We embedded the pipe using clay (or mortar when clay is in short supply) and placed it at an incline to ensure water flows in the right direction.

In coordination with brickwork, we pitched stones on both sides of the spring's drainage channel. We then cemented and plastered each stone, forming the rub walls. These walls discourage people and animals from standing in that area, which could cause soil erosion and a clogged drainage area.

Plastering the rub walls.

We then cemented and plastered both sides of the headwall and wing walls. These finishing layers reinforce the brickwork and prevent water in the reservoir from seeping through the walls. In turn, enough pressure builds in the reservoir box to push water out through the discharge pipe.

As the headwall and wing walls cured, we cemented and plastered the stairs and installed several tiles beneath the discharge pipe. The tiles protect the concrete from the falling water's erosive force while beautifying the spring and facilitating easy cleaning of the spring floor.

Plastering the stairs.

The final stage of construction is backfilling the reservoir box behind the discharge pipe. We cleared the collection box of any debris that may have fallen during construction. Then we redirected the temporary diversion channels back into the reservoir box, channeling water into this area for the first time. We closed off all of the other exits to start forcing water through the discharge pipe only.

Backfilling the reservoir box.

We filled up the reservoir area with the large, clean stones community members had gathered, arranging them in layers like a well-fitting puzzle. We covered the rocks with a thick plastic tarp to minimize potential contamination sources, then piled enough dirt on top to compensate for future settling.

Community members transplant grass.

Community members transplanted grass onto the backfilled soil to help prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced to discourage any person or animal from walking on it. Compaction can lead to disturbances in the backfill layers and potentially compromise water quality.

The entire construction process took about two weeks of work and patience to allow the cement and plaster to finish curing. As soon as the spring was ready, people got the okay from their local field officers to fetch water.

The completed spring.

The spring was officially handed over to the community to mark their ownership of the water point, with two pastors praying over the new spring to bless it. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

Training on Health, Hygiene, and More

Together with the community, we found their preferred date for training while considering other community calendar events, such as the agricultural season and social events. We requested a representative group of community members to attend training to relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Training participants.

When the day arrived, facilitators Rose Serete, Samuel Simidi, and Mary Afandi deployed to the site to lead the event. 24 people attended the training, including 18 women and six men. We held the training at a local homestead under a shady tree.

We covered several topics, including community participation in the project, leadership and governance, personal and environmental hygiene, water handling and treatment, spring maintenance, dental hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, disease prevention, and how to make and use handwashing stations.

Proper hand washing session.

During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the newly formed water user committee leaders, who will oversee the maintenance of the spring. We also brainstormed income-generating activities. Community members can now start a group savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring and a cooperative lending group, enabling them to develop small businesses.

Spring maintenance session.

The most memorable topic was water hygiene. One of the participants said he has been drinking dirty water because his wife, who was also in the training, never cleans the pot, which led to a lively discussion and lots of questions.

Discussing water disinfection.

By the end of the session, participants had learned their water storage containers should be emptied and cleaned regularly.

Seth washes his hands at the spring.

"The training was valuable to me, and it came timely because, through the process, I have learned how to practice hygiene, sanitation, and soap making. [I] have learned the skills which will create growth economically in my family," said Seth Changalia, a 53-year-old farmer and the elected chairman of the water committee.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the spring, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22126-0-4-carolyn-with-water-2


06/06/2022: Ben Keverenge Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Shianda Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22126-1-2-carrying-water-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)