Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 220 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/17/2023

Project Features

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Water from Askofu Sikolia Spring is dangerous for the 220 community members of Kwambiha to drink, yet it is the primary water source they rely on to meet their daily needs.

There have been minor attempts at spring protection in the past by other entities, but no one has successfully accomplished it.

"When I don't have enough firewood to boil my drinking water, my heart skips a beat because I know for sure this water is not safe due to its open source. An animal might die there and contaminate it," shared 40-year-old farmer Pauline Kimoti (shown below).

Sadly, many community members have reported suffering from water-related illnesses like typhoid and diarrhea, causing people to be ill and unable to perform essential daily tasks.

Community members accessing the spring find it a challenge. Without stairs, the steep slope toward the spring becomes slippery, especially during the rainy season, and makes navigating it with full water containers difficult.

"I just hate stepping in this flooded water to draw water because some people have jiggers in their feet and I just don't like it. I wish this place can be better with the water flowing freely through the drainage," said Harrison S., 16.

Community members are hopeful that this time with proper spring protection, they will be able to take a sigh of relief and have safe water they can rely on for a very long time.

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Project Updates

12/21/2022: Kwambiha Community Spring Protection Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Kwambiha Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


4 individual donor(s)