Loading images...
The Water Project : 36-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 35-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 34-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 33-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 32-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 31-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 30-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 29-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 28-kenya4715-clean-water
The Water Project : 27-kenya4715-finished-sanitation-platform
The Water Project : 26-kenya4715-finishing-touches
The Water Project : 25-kenya4715-sanitation-platform-construction
The Water Project : 24-kenya4715-sanitation-platform-construction
The Water Project : 23-kenya4715-artisan-discussing-digging-a-latrine-pit
The Water Project : 22-kenya4715-back-filling
The Water Project : 21-kenya4715-construction
The Water Project : 20-kenya4715-building-the-wall
The Water Project : 19-kenya4715-building-the-wall
The Water Project : 18-kenya4715-helping-the-artisan
The Water Project : 17-kenya4715-community-helping
The Water Project : 16-kenya4715-community-members-clearing-the-area
The Water Project : 15-kenya4715-boy-delivering-materials-to-the-artisan
The Water Project : 14-kenya4715-community-members-gather-materials
The Water Project : 13-kenya4715-jessica-practices-hand-washing
The Water Project : 12-kenya4715-demonstrating-hand-washing
The Water Project : 11-kenya4715-demonstrating-hand-washing
The Water Project : 10-kenya4715-explaining-health-in-the-village
The Water Project : 9-kenya4715-learning
The Water Project : 8-kenya4715-woman-explains-how-they-handle-water
The Water Project : 7-kenya4715-mama-maggy-at-the-training
The Water Project : 6-kenya4715-mr-dickson-induswe-in-attendance
The Water Project : 5-kenya4715-participants
The Water Project : 4-kenya4715-training
The Water Project : 3-kenya4715-explaining-how-spring-protection-works
The Water Project : 2-kenya4715-training
The Water Project : 1-kenya4715-field-officer-erick-wagaka-facilitating-training
The Water Project : 20-kenya4715-no-clothesline
The Water Project : 19-kenya4715-no-dish-rack
The Water Project : 18-kenya4715-dish-rack
The Water Project : 17-kenya4715-inside-latrine
The Water Project : 16-kenya4715-latrine
The Water Project : 15-kenya4715-latrine-with-cloth-door
The Water Project : 14-kenya4715-risper-maanan
The Water Project : 13-kenya4715-farm
The Water Project : 12-kenya4715-community-landscape
The Water Project : 11-kenya4715-household
The Water Project : 10-kenya4715-children-put-down-for-a-nap
The Water Project : 9-kenya4715-children-help-their-mothers-on-farms
The Water Project : 8-kenya4715-boy-helps-his-mother-to-feed-animals-after-school
The Water Project : 7-kenya4715-small-child-carrying-water
The Water Project : 6-kenya4715-small-child-carrying-water
The Water Project : 5-kenya4715-carrying-water
The Water Project : 4-kenya4715-fetching-water
The Water Project : 3-kenya4715-quenching-his-thirst
The Water Project : 2-kenya4715-child-at-the-spring
The Water Project : 1-kenya4715-andebe-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 420 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Early in the morning, women wake up to start household chores, while most men sleep late. When they wake up, they take tea and return to the bar. When children wake up, they take black tea or eat porridge in preparation for the rush to school. After the children are out, women work either on their own farms or those of others to earn a living. Each household has at least one cow, so feeding and watering the cow is part of a woman’s daily routine.

A day hardly ever ends without quarrels erupting; drunkards always seem to be causing disputes over even the simplest matters. It is believed that a curse is flowing down the ancestry here, because it has an abnormal level of alcoholism that is not witnessed anywhere else in the region. “I have seen drunkards, but at least villages with alcoholics also have a few reasonable men, and even some of the drinking men try to somehow support in the smallest ways like grazing animals, but this village must be under a curse: their rate of drinking is not normal,” Mary Ayuma explained. These same men do not fend for their families, and furthermore return home from the bar demanding food. If they don’t get the meal they were hoping for, all hell breaks loose. Women of this village must be honored for struggling to provide for their families despite the hard conditions and poor environment. A number of widows in this area lost their husbands to diseases caused by heavy drinking and heavy smoking.

“The most interesting thing is that many people in this area, including the drunkards, are serious church-goers. A man leaves home smoking and stands by the church gate to finish puffing his stick, then throws the filter at the entrance as he enters the church smelling like cigarette smoke,” shared the village elder. Some young men have resorted to thuggery as a source of money to fund their habits, while others fetch water from Andebe Spring to sell to Ebukanga Secondary School or the nearby local brewing stations.

Water Situation

Surface runoff contaminates the main water source, Andebe Spring. At times, frogs, snails and even cow dung have been seen in the water. When it rains, everyone must wait for the dirt to settle before drawing water, which wastes a lot of the time. In addition to that, when parents fall sick – especially women – getting food and other basic needs become a problem in the family.

People hold their containers under a banana leaf rolled up and fitted in the spring eye, an improvisation that works a bit like a pipe. The older the person fetching water, the larger the container they’re expected to carry. Since the households using Andebe Spring are so impoverished, they just store water in the same containers that they bring to the spring. Since they have no lids (most lids get lost or are taken by the children to play with) they are susceptible to large contamination levels the longer they’re stored.

After consuming this water, children and elderly are the most susceptible to sickness. Children often miss class. When the mother running a Shikhuyu household falls ill, then getting food and other basic needs becomes a huge challenge for the rest of the family.

Sanitation Situation

The latrines in Shikhuyu do not have proper doors, most just hang a piece of cloth in the opening. Most of the floors are made of branches, which are attractive to termites and prone to rot. These floors are particularly hard to balance on, presenting challenges to small children and the elderly. The branch floors are near impossible to clean.

Not a single household has dug a compost pit to properly dispose of their trash, and so it’s scattered all around their properties. Less than a quarter of families living around Andebe Spring use helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines.

Village Elder Delis Akinyi said, “My people are suffering because of ignorance. Please come and teach us how to practice good health so that we will no longer waste time and money treating diseases that can be prevented. Prevention is better than cure!”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that its water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Recent Project Updates

06/26/2017: Shikhuyu Community Project Complete

Andebe Spring in Shikhuyu Village, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at Madam Delia Akinyi’s home, where she has a nice tree to provide shelter from the hot sun. She is the village elder, and she worked directly with our training officer to organize everyone in her village. She moved from house to house asking that everyone send at least one family member to attend. Children seen playing around the village on training days were also invited to attend and then share what they learned with their classmates and friends.

9 kenya4715 learning

Erick trains the community on how to use the power of the sun to further purify the water they drink.

A total of 25 people ended up attending. Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, water animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

12 kenya4715 demonstrating hand-washing

Erick demonstrates the ten steps of thorough hand-washing.

Mrs. Fanice Atamba Andoli said, “The information you have given us is very good. My grandmother told me that until one leaves this earth, they still have a lot to learn and I proved it today. We really needed that information, therefore thank you for taking your time to teach us.”

The training officer has already made a follow-up visit and found that the community has really taken these lessons to head and heart. A particular community member was not able to attend the training because she was a clerk during political nominations. She surprised our training officers by explaining everything the way it had been taught! She later divulged that it was Elder Delia Akinyi who had taught her everything she missed.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to build walls and roofs to protect their new platforms. Mrs. Akinyi said, “I will not allow any of my children to misuse or damage this slab. It came as a miracle…”

27 kenya4715 finished sanitation platform

This platform is safe to use and easy to clean! Once it’s dry, it’s placed over the latrine’s pit.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

14 kenya4715 community members gather materials

Bricks are used for the walls of the spring protection system.

The area of the spring was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

22 kenya4715 back filling

Layers of different soils and gravel are packed down to act as a natural filter for the spring’s water. Grass is planted to prevent erosion.

Mr. Dickson Induswe both attended training and witnessed the protection of his spring. He told us “Thank you TWP and WEWASAFO for the great support given to Andebe Community. We promise to take good care of this spring, following the guidance you have given us and I assure you that it will last longer than you expect!”

The Water Project : 35-kenya4715-clean-water

05/18/2017: Shikhuyu Community Project Underway

Shikhuyu Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Andebe Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please enjoy the report introducing community information, pictures, and maps!

The Water Project : 2-kenya4715-child-at-the-spring

Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Vihiga, Shikhuyu
ProjectID: 4715
Install Date:  06/26/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 12/09/2017

Visit History:
10/05/2017 — Functional
12/09/2017 — Functional

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.