Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Program: The Water Promise - Kenya

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2015

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/28/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project's program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Sihanikha Primary School Water Project is a mixed day school started in the 1940’s through the efforts of the Namirama Friends (Quakers) Church with an aim of Eradicating illiteracy within the area where it serves. In the year 1990 Kenya Finland Western Water Supply drilled water in Sihanikha to serve the pupils and the entire community. The well records a total depth of 30m cased by 4’’ UPVC casings and the water rest level is 15m. The well pad was constructed and Nira pump installed it served the school well until the year 2011 when it got spoilt and they could not get spare parts.

The school board of management learned of Bridge Water development activities in the water sector and made a request for BWP to consider and rehabilitate their failed well.


Currently Sihanikha pupils fetch water from the sihanikha protected spring located 1km away from the school compound. The water from the spring has a turbidity value of 5. However the other pupils bring water from different springs to school and no one guarantees the quality of water they bring to school, which poses a great danger to the pupils’ health. They have a water tank for rain harvesting which is not enough for the entire population of this school.


The school has an enrollment of 1075, 565 boys and 510 girls. Teaching staff 21, 16 of them are employed by the teachers service commission and 5 by the Parents Association. The school also has 2 watchmen and 1 cook. The school has an Early Childhood (kindergarden) unit with 120 kids and 2 Teachers.

(Editor's Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


The school has permanent classrooms, which are washed once per week every Friday evening before pupils go home for the weekend. The school has 24 pits Latrines 10 for girls, 12 for boys and 2 for teachers, which are washed on daily basis. There is a kitchen where meals for teachers and standard eight pupils are prepared though the water storage is not up to date.


There’s need to rehabilitate the proposed Sihanikha primary School water point to enable the pupils and teachers access quality water from the school compound so that time wasted on fetching water can be invested in group discussion or co curriculum activities that will lead to improving academic standards of the children. Also it will enhance hygiene and sanitation standards of the pupils and the entire school fraternity


The main beneficiaries will be the pupils and teachers of Sihanikha.


The school Management Committee has already appointed amongst themselves a water committee that will take charge of the operation and management of the water point to ensure its sustainability. Bridge Water Project staff will carry Community Education to both the pupils and the school committee before implementing this project.


According to the baseline survey carried out at Sihanikha Primary schools, it was clear that the school as whole didn’t observe the proper hygiene and sanitation practices. The school needs a proper training on good practices of hygiene and sanitation. The school has only one hand washing station that is being used by the teachers.

Apart from just rehabilitating the well that is anticipated to help improve the situation of the school, a BWP community education team had to train the pupils on good hygiene and sanitation practices.

The training was comprised of boys and girls of standard 5, 6 and 7 who were of the age ranging between 11-16 years. Some of the topics learned during the training were;

a. Clean is beautiful.

b. Hand washing.

c. Importance of using a latrine.

d. Transmission of diseases by flies.

e. Safe water, its handling and treatment.

Clean is beautiful was the first topic. With this we asked the pupils to show off their cleanliness. For example, finger nails should be cut short and always clean, bathing every day, brushing their teeth every morning  and washing their clothes. In the discussion groups the pupils of Sihanikha learned that they practice bad hygiene through the Good and Bad posters.

The pupils were able to learn of the risks of failure to wash hands and the importance of this practice. To accomplish this, a demonstration on proper hand washing was done. The pupils learned that hands must be washed with soap or ash. In their discussion groups, the pupils analyzed on the critical moments of washing hands. Some of the moments analyzed were;

a. After visiting the toilets.

b. Before and after eating.

c. After work.

d. After changing the nappies of the young ones.

e. After playing.

Water is essential, but it’s the main cause of diseases to most people when it’s poorly handled, like handling it with dirty hands, storing it in dirty containers and not treating it. This causes diseases like cholera, typhoid and diarrhea. Through the F-Diagram they learned how the diseases are transmitted into our bodies by way of fingers, fluids, feaces, food and flies.


The construction team mobilized to the school and more of reconstruction of the well pad was done. Pupils helped in the provision of water which was used for cement work. The construction started by dismantling the Nirrah pump and the broken well pad. Then the team excavated the whole well pad for construction process. The school management provided meals for the team (both breakfast and lunch).  The well pad was left to cure for three days.


After three days of curing the next step was to chlorinate the water first then install an Afridev pump to the Sihanikha Primary School borehole. The borehole was fitted with a new afridev pump at 30 metres. 4” UPVC pipes each measuring 3 meters were used during the installation. Stainless steel rods each measuring 3 meters were also used so as to prevent contamination rust. After installation, the pump was tested to ensure it was functioning properly.

Thereafter the water was handed over to the teachers and the pupils of Sihanikha primary school. One of the teachers gave an acknowledgment speech to thank Bridge Water Project and The Water Project for meeting their need of accessing clean and safe water.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!


Project Sponsor - Jill and Rob Grellman family