Nderema Primary School

Water Point
 Rehabilitation Project
Project Features
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The Water Promise - Kenya

Latitude 0.36
Longitude 34.63

500 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


Nderema Primary School started in the year 1964 under the sponsorship of Friends Church Quakers. The aim of starting the school was to eradicate illiteracy in the community. In 1989 the Kenya Finland (KEFINCO) sunk a hand dug a well of 30m in the school with aim of enabling the school to get access to clean and quality water and also to improve sanitation and hygiene of the entire school. The well was cased using concrete 1m diameter from bottom to top, then covered with a slab. Thereafter it was completed by installing an Afridev pump. However during the year 2012 it was vandalized by unknown people. Since then the school has been going back to the unprotected stream (Nderema stream).

Recently, when the school members heard of BWP development activities in regard of improving existing water points in the region, they decided to make an application to the BWP office requesting rehabilitation of their school water point.


Nderema Primary School fetches water from Nderema stream located 1km away down in the steep, slippery valley. The stream is not protected in that during the rainy season erosions run off contaminates it and making water dangerous for human consumption since it causes water borne diseases like diarrhea, amoeba, bilharzias, etc, to consumers.


The school has 1125 pupils of which boys are 527 and girls 598; special unit class of 26 pupils, 16 teachers and 4 subordinate staff.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


The school has 8 pit latrines for the pupils, 4 for girls, 4 for boys, and 2 for the teachers which are cleaned twice a week, every Monday and Friday. The classrooms are cleaned once a week only on Fridays. The school has a kitchen where meals for the teachers and standard 7 and 8 pupils are served. There’s a utensil rack and hand washing station which is located at the administration block used by teachers.


Nderema primary school pupils and teachers are the main beneficiaries if the well is rehabilitated.


There’s need to rehabilitate proposed Nderema Primary school water project so that the pupils can access quality water for their daily activities and also improve their sanitation and hygiene standards. If the water point is rehabilitated it will be big relief for pupils who always have to climb a steep and slippery valley while carrying water on their heads.


BWP will oversee the formation of water committee prior to the implementation of the rehabilitation works. The committee formed will be trained on sanitation and hygiene operations and maintenance of the pump to ensure sustainability.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

04/02/2015: Nderema Primary School Project Completed

We are excited to report that the project to bring clean water to Nderema Primary School in Kenya is complete!  A broken well has been restored and the community has received training in sanitation and hygiene.  The report below from our partner in the field explains all the work that went into this effort:


Hygiene and sanitation training at Nderema Primary School was attended by a section of pupils from the upper primary. More key issues were discussed in relation to the base-line survey carried out. The training began by introductions between the pupils and Bridge Water staff.

The exercise of ‘clean is beautiful’ was done to confirm whether the pupils maintained their daily cleaning both in school and at home. This was done by asking pupils whether they brush their teeth after every meal, they bath in the morning, clean their uniforms, keep their hair short and maintain short and clean finger nails. To identify this we used 3 girls and 3 boys to confirm whether they maintained cleaning in their daily lives both in school and at their home.

Water is essential in life but has to be well preserved and not contaminated. It turns out to be a source of diseases like cholera, typhoid and diarrhea if it’s contaminated and consumed directly. One way that water could be contaminated is the way and methods used while fetching and the situation of storage containers. With these issues in mind, the pupils discussed with the help of their trainer more about fetching and the cleanliness of water. During these discussions, it was noted that the pupils did not understand how water should be fetched to avoid recontamination either at the source or from the storage containers. The pupils therefore learned that water for drinking should be kept away and separate and that the containers should be always cleaned.

A place where poor hygienic practices, like open defecation, poor hand washing, poor food preparation and handling, poor methods of water treatment among others, are used would not lack the spread of diseases like diarrhea. To identify this, the pupils were given a set of drawings showing good and bad activities hence allowed to distinguish the good and bad activities done in their school.
As the discussion on distinguishing the good and bad activities went on, the pupils learned that diseases that can be spread through unsafe water. The trainer thereafter discussed with the pupils on their symptoms, transmission and how the diseases can be prevented.

After the training we therefore did the environmental walk around the school compound, we visited the school latrines, compost pit, classes and school kitchen. During the visitation the pupils found that their school was not clean since the classes and latrines were dirty. They promised to maintain cleaning since they will be able to access clean water.


The exercise of pad construction at Nderema Primary school included, concrete laying and fixing the anchor bolts and plastering. The slab was reconstructed to ensure the borehole was appropriately sealed to prevent contamination of water. The anchor bolts were reinforced with ballast. The mason did the concrete laying and final finishing with cement to ensure the borehole was adequately protected. This was done with keenness to avoid contamination of the well. The pupils and the teachers were involved in the entire process to assist where necessary and also to equip them with relevant skills on how to maintain the borehole. The pad was then left to cure awaiting pump installation.


After the curing of the well pad, the next activity was to chlorinate the water first to become safe for consumption. Then the installation of an Affridev pump. Teachers and pupils were so happy because they would no longer be required to carry water to school from home. There manual work would also be easy since water was now in the school compound. The head teacher thanked the TWP and BWP for relieving their pupils from the burden of carrying water from their homes and the long way to the stream which was waste of time for studying and also tiresome.

We just posted lots of new pictures of the progress and finished project, with lots of smiling faces. Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4340-67-nderema-pupils-enjoy-safe-and-clean-water

03/19/2015: Nderema Primary School Project Underway

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Nderema Primary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A broken well is being rehabilitated and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene.  Together these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates and pictures.  

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4340-08-pupils

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
ProjectID: 4340
Install Date:  03/30/2015

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Needs Attention
Last Visit: 04/20/2017
Well Depth:  30.00M

Visit History:
11/19/2015 — Functional
12/23/2015 — Needs Attention
03/14/2016 — Needs Attention
07/28/2016 — Functional
08/12/2016 — Functional
09/15/2016 — Functional
12/08/2016 — Functional
02/09/2017 — Needs Repair
04/18/2017 — Functional
04/20/2017 — Needs Attention


Project Underwriter - A.L. Williams, Jr. Family Foundation, Inc.
Harold J. Belkin Foundation
Glenn-Winstead Fund
2 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.