Malichi Primary School Well Rehabilitation Project

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.46
Longitude 34.92

420 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

"My school is glad that the rehabilitated water system will be of great importance to the pupils. Time will be saved and this will have an impact on our academic performance."

Head Teacher Alice Muyukani

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Safe Water and Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Background Information

Located in the neighborhood of Malichi, the school was started with an aim of imparting knowledge to the children of this community. The inhabitants of this community are peasant farmers who depend mainly on crop production. Even with the products harvested from their small farms, this community’s level of poverty is still very high. Parents have no choice but to work even harder so as to make ends meet. Most of families in this community must live life of hand to mouth, which means that they do not have enough to save, but only enough to consume right away. As a result of lack of knowledge and ignorance, most people in this community don’t acknowledge family planning and thus every couple has at least six children or more.

The Current Source

Every morning of Monday to Friday, the pupils report to Malichi Primary School in hopes of shaping brighter futures. Kenya Finland Company built this well in 1989 but since then, the pump has stopped working. Some parts need to be repaired, but they are not available at the local market.

With no safe water source in the school, pupils’ academic performance is also lacking. Instead of studying, students are often fetching water at a neighboring home that has a shallow well. Unfortunately, the well is prone to dry up when the consumer demand is high. Because of this, pupils are not able to access this well during dry seasons because it dries up completely.

The neighbor’s shallow well is a little over one kilometer away from the school, and as of now has a temporary rope pump installed. The well pad is also old and dirty, allowing contamination of the water inside. Head Teacher Alice Muyukani says, “Most of our pupils perform poorly in there academics because the time wasted in search of water. Some don’t even concentrate during lessons. I believe that with water, life will be manageable in this school and the whole community.”

Rehabilitation of the well on the school’s campus will result in both a new well pad and new pump. The water source proved to be accessible throughout both the dry and rainy seasons, and so it should be able to serve the school again. And with a water user committee watching over the well, operations and maintenance will be more effective.

Sanitation Situation

There are 10 latrines on campus. The pit holes are not covered, but latrines are cleaned at least once a week. There is one hand-washing station, and there is a dish rack available. The school uses a large, open area to dump their garbage. During the initial visit to the school, we noticed that students and staff do in fact know a little about good sanitation and hygiene, but are not motivated to put their knowledge to use.

Two more hand-washing stations will be installed in the form of “tippy taps.” Tippy taps are containers tied to a rope; when the rope is pulled, it tips the container to pour water.

Training Sessions

Teachers and students will be trained in hygiene and sanitation over the course of three days. The facilitator will use the CHAST (Children’s Health and Sanitation Training) method to help students differentiate between good and bad practices, and will teach a session about disease transmission and prevention. Not only will students and staff be educated on these important topics, but will together form a water user committee that will be responsible for the rehabilitated borehole and other sanitation facilities such as latrines and tippy taps.

During the initial survey of this site, the local assistant chief was fully engaged in ensuring that the whole community is sensitized and has full information in regards to the rehabilitation of this well. The assistant chief has also promised to ensure that SAWASHI has the necessary environment to complete this anticipated project.

Project Results: Training

Training was held at the school for three consecutive days. The first day was set aside of lower primary, the second for upper primary, and the third was for distribution of hand-washing stations and demonstrations. A section of pupils from each grade was selected to attend, and parents and local leadership were also present. Teachers in attendance were especially helpful during training for the lower primary students.

The CHAST (Children’s Health and Sanitation Training) methods were used to teach different grades different topics:

For lower primary, they:

  • Analyzed the problem: Learned how flies spread germs and how disease is spread in general
  • Identified the problem: Memorized good and bad hygiene practices
  • Practiced good behavior: Hand-washing exercises, toothbrushing, toilet use, and face-washing

For upper primary, they talked about:

  • Clean is beautiful: Why do we wash hands? When? How?
  • I drink safe water: Different types of water sources, differentiating between safe and unsafe water, water treatment
  • Going to the latrine: How? Health risks of open defication, latrine maintenance
  • My school is beautiful: Keeping a clean environment, anti-litter campaigns, roles of the school health club
  • Germ-free food: Covering food and proper preparation
  • How to prevent diarrhea: Fecal-oral disease transmission routes, symptoms of diarrhea, blocking transmission

The facilitator made sure students actively participated with each other in small and large groups. Presentations were also made with the help of a projector, and participants also enjoyed on-site training as they and their teachers walked the school campus, talking about what they saw.

Three days of hygiene and sanitation training are a great kickstart to improving students’ school and home environments. And now that there is sufficient safe water within reach, the school and greater community will have more time and resources to address other issues: Most students go to school barefoot because they are from very poor families, and are at great risk of contracting more diseases from using dirty latrines with no shoes! [Editor’s Note: We hope to see this change in the near future. Ongoing conversations with our partner in Kenya will reveal how the improvements we have made, both in water and sanitation, unlock even greater things!]

Hand-Washing Stations

These were delivered on the third day of training, and can be seen in the latest picture update. Students were trained on how to use and maintain these properly on that same day.

Well Rehabilitation

Construction for this well began on March 10th. The construction team took an entire day to remove the old well pad. If you like demolition work, this is exactly what they were doing! The cement was old and cracked, and thus had to be fully removed before the pad could be built again. The following two days, the team reconstructed the well pad with new materials: a composite of concrete, sand, and cement. The well pad was left to cure for three days before the Afridev pump was installed.

The school kept involved in this process, making sure the work team always had food! With everybody’s effort, there were no challenges and delays to construction.

At the completion of this well, Head Teacher Alice Muyukani said, “My school is glad that the rehabilitated water system will be of great importance to the pupils. Time will be saved and this will have an impact on our academic performance.”

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

11/15/2017: A Year Later: Malichi Primary School

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well for Malichi Primary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one with you.

The Water Project : 4509-yar-1

03/29/2016: Malichi Primary School Project Complete

We are excited to inform you that the well at Malichi Primary School is now protected and in working condition! A sustainable project doesn’t result from rushing into an area, drilling a hole and leaving it; wells don’t last forever! That’s why rehabilitation projects are so important, and why monitoring this well is a priority. The school leadership also formed a water user committee that will manage and maintain the water well. This committee, students and teachers, along with others from the community, also participated in a comprehensive hygiene and sanitation training. You can find updated training and construction details in the online project report, including new pictures. Please take a moment to enjoy all the work you made possible.

The Water Project and Malichi Primary School Thank You for unlocking potential!

The Water Project : 22-kenya4509-complete

02/22/2016: Malichi Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your willingness to help, the Malichi Primary School will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A broken well is being rehabilitated so it will be a reliable resource, and the students and staff will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. Together these resources will help stop the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We will keep you posted as work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : if-515

02/15/2016: Update From The Water Project

You’ve been assigned to a project! Check it out! And we’ll share more once the work begins!

The Water Project : kenya4333-twp-kenya-cheers

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Kakamega, Malichi
ProjectID: 4509
Install Date:  03/29/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 03/22/2018

Visit History:
07/06/2016 — Functional
08/01/2016 — Functional
08/15/2016 — Functional
03/07/2017 — Functional
06/28/2017 — Functional
07/04/2017 — Functional
07/25/2017 — Functional
09/20/2017 — Functional
12/04/2017 — Functional
03/22/2018 — Functional

A Year Later: Malichi Primary School

October, 2017

“The well has played a major role in improving the hygiene and sanitation of the school.”

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well for Malichi Primary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one with you.

“By being an immediate neighbor of the school, I do bathe everyday because the rehabilitated well is closer to our home. I therefore fetch water anytime I need to.” These are the words of 14 year old student Ruth Muchika. She is one of many students whose life has been changed by this well both in school and at home.

4509 YAR 2
WASH officer Paul Weringa recently had the chance to visit Malichi Primary School to check on the status of the well and see what changes a year with clean water can make. “Compared to how the situation was before, the general cleanliness of both the classrooms, latrines and pupils have improved… There is the adaptation of hand-washing behavior in school by both teachers and pupils since there is enough water in school.”

4509 YAR 3
Deputy Head Teacher Elizabeth Apala notices similar improvements. “The well has played a major role in improving the hygiene and sanitation of the school. We do not have more pupils being admitted to hospitals because of the outbreak of the waterborne diseases.” Improved hygiene and sanitation leads to improved health; improved health leads to stronger students, unlocking their potential to learn and excel.

One challenge that Malichi Primary School is still working through is how to cooperate with the surrounding community with regard to the rehabilitated well. Community members benefit from the well, but are often unwilling to contribute to the maintenance of the well, including keeping it clean and contributing to a fund set aside for repairs. Paul and the SAWASHI team are working with Ms. Apala to set up meetings together with the community to encourage cooperation and ensure that this well is a reliable source for everyone for years to come.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Safe Water & Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI) provides safe, affordable and sustainable water supply services through rehabilitation of boreholes, strengthening of Water User Committees, WaSH training of target beneficiary communities and monitoring & evaluation of water systems.