Lukala Primary School Well Rehabilitation Project

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.45
Longitude 34.84

500 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Safe Water and Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Lukala Primary School is a public day school started with the sponsorship of Friends Church Quakers. In the year 1969, the school began with 380 pupils and eight teachers. Friends Church Quakers saw the needs of children, and aimed to educate them for a brighter future. The school is located right in the center of Lukala Community, and most of its pupils come from within the community.

Pupils report to their classrooms early in the morning at six for predatory studies. They then break from studies to clean the school compound at 7:30am. This is when groups can be seen crowded at the hand-dug well to fetch water for cleaning latrines and kitchen use. A lot of time is spent at their single water source.

There is a lunch program for the grade eight, preschool classes and teachers. The school also has extracurricular activities like ballgames, music festivals, and other athletics. Lukala Primary School offers classes for handicapped children living within the community. With all these programs, the enrollment of Lukala Primary has grown. As of this year, 580 students attend, out of which 276 are boys and 304 are girls. The school now employs 18 teachers and two supplementary staff. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This school and their community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

Water Situation

Kenya Finland Company installed a hand-dug well within the school compound in 1992. School leadership attests that the well has a high water level that never ceases to serve students and staff. However, the well pump wore down to disrepair. The pump has since been removed, opening the well to contamination from surface runoff and other contaminants. The well pad has also worn down, so the entire system has been decommissioned. This is the well slated for rehabilitation.

There is another unprotected hand-dug well nearby. There is a well pad covering the hole, but it is without a pump. Students must instead access water through a hatch, lowering a bucket tied to rope to fetch water. Being unprotected, this well is also open to contamination from a myriad of sources. The students bring their own cups and jerrycans, pouring water from the well’s bucket to fill their own. When we witnessed this for ourselves, it was obvious that the water isn’t clean. Not only that, but the containers students use to fetch water are not clean. This second well does not have the quantity of water that the first one has. During the dry seasons, students can’t rely on the well and must instead carry water from home to school. Thus drinking water comes from multiple unknown sources, containers are not clean, and water is not treated. Diarrhea constantly affects students and staff. When suffering from an illness, education comes second.

Sanitation Situation

There are 12 pit latrines, all made of concrete and cleaned by students every morning. However, many of the stalls do not have doors. There is one hand-washing station available for teachers, and garbage is dumped at the edge of school grounds by a maize plantation. You can see these conditions under the “See Photos & Video” tab. The biggest issue here is the lack of opportunity for students to wash hands after using latrines and before eating. The school has initiative, apparent through their daily cleaning rituals. Environment hygiene is important, but personal hygiene has been overlooked. Teacher Neddy Lumuli says, “Cases of diarrhea in children has affected the academic studies of the pupils in this school, since the number of pupils being absent for treatment is high.” Without proper hygiene, these germs are spreading like wildfire.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Teachers and students will be trained for two days at the school compound. The facilitator will use the CHAST (Children’s Hygiene and Sanitation Training) method to help students discern between good and bad hygiene habits. Students will be taught how disease is spread at home and at school, and how to prevent this. An entire session will be devoted to teaching students when to wash hands and how to do it properly.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school so that students can wash their hands after using the latrine and before eating. The school will make sure that these are filled with water and that a cleaning agent is always available.

Plans: Well Rehabilitation

We plan to reconstruct the well that Kenya Finland Company installed in 1992 so that it can again serve the school. This well has a total depth of 13.3 meters and a static water level of 3.4 meters.

The rehabilitation process will include material collection, pad reconstruction, flushing, test pumping, water quality testing, water treatment, and then pump installation. The new pump will be an AfriDev, since it is easy for student to use and parts for repair are easily acquired.

School administration has expressed its concern about the upcoming rehabilitation project. During our visit, the headteacher explained all the reasons why the water system failed in the first place. Some of the reasons are their lack of a water user committee, poor capacity-building strategies, and a lack of ownership by the community. The headteacher will start a program that will bring the school and community together to discuss this and prevent any possible failure. The community and school have promised to form a strong water user committee that will be in charge of operations and maintenance of the rehabilitated well, ensuring that this water will meet the needs of generations to come.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Lukala Primary School

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well with Lukala Primary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Paul Weringa, with you.

The Water Project : lukala-primary-school-year-after-photos-11

09/16/2016: Lukala Primary School Well Rehabilitation Complete

We are excited to share that the rehabilitated well at Lukala Primary School is now providing clean water. Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted at school, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines. Two hand-washing stations were delivered upon the well’s completion. This water and new knowledge give the school a great foothold in eliminating water and sanitation-related illness! Please enjoy this update detailing all the work that was done at Lukala Primary School, and make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab above to find new pictures of the finished project.

Thank You for unlocking potential for these students and their teachers. You made clean water a reality, and now you have a chance to make sure it keeps flowing. Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and hundreds of other projects!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held for both the lower and upper grades. These sessions were held in a classroom, with a total of 25 students. There were eight representatives from each lower primary class and six from each upper primary class.

Students actively participated, and their teachers aided our facilitators with each learning activity. The lesson plan included sessions with the following titles: Clean is Beautiful, I Drink Safe Water, Going to the Latrine, My School is Beautiful, Germ-Free Food, and How to Prevent Diarrhea. The facilitator used group discussions, demonstrations, posters, and games to teach topics that will help these students and their families live healthy lives. At the end of each training session, we asked questions to ensure students’ comprehension. Students were excited to use puppets to present what they learned, too!

20 kenya4532 older class training

After training, the teacher in charge of sanitation at the school approached us to say, “I really appreciate SAWASHI for this training, we promise to practice proper hygiene and sanitation. We will also ensure the tippy taps are working.” (Read below and check out the pictures to learn about tippy taps.)

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

Students were so excited about the lesson they learned on washing hands, that they took the idea and ran with it! We provided two hand-washing stations, but students felt they would need more. They improvised a “tippy tap” that uses a gallon containers, rope, and sticks for a hand-washing station. This is filled with water and then poured over hands. You can see their improvised hand-washing station below, which they are quite proud of, and rightfully so! You can also view the more permanent hand-washing stations that we delivered under the “See Photos & Video” tab.

39 kenya4532 handing over

Project Result: Well Rehabilitation

Construction for this well rehabilitation began on July 12th.

The construction work begun by scrapping the rest of the old well pad. The cover of the well was removed to make room for leveling the broken top edge of the culvert’s lining. This jagged edge had been allowing runoff water to flow back into the well. This was followed by plastering of the pad by applying a mixture of cement and sand. The new well pad was then constructed by lining the plastered well pad with a coat of regular cement mixed with waterproof cement. This was then left to dry for several days. Well development (flashing) was done with a compressor to clean out the inside of the well (see this below!). Test pumping of this well was done using a submersible pump.

28 kenya4532 flushing

Finally, the well was finished off with the installation of an AfriDev pump. PVC pipes were fitted and anchor ropes were lowered to the desired depth. A plunger was attached to the rods, and then the cover and handle were attached to the pump. Check out the moment water begins flowing – Students were waiting to celebrate!

5 kenya4532 water is flowing

All the while, the parents, staff and students showed their support by cooking food, providing security for materials and lending helping hands. There were no challenges or delays to this implementation, and the school is very happy about their new well. The Lukala Primary School’s head teacher, Mr. Benson Khayisie said, “We thank your organization for intervening in the rehabilitation of our well. We had no access to safe water in the school and this will also serve the community around and reduce the risk of diseases. We promise to maintain the water point and maintain high hygiene standards”

The Water Project : 36-kenya4532-handing-over

07/29/2016: Lukala Primary School Well Rehabilitation Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your willingness to help, Lukala Primary School will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A broken well is being rehabilitated so it will be a protected, safe source of water, and the students and staff will receive training in sanitation and hygiene and two new hand-washing stations. Together these resources will help stop the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including an introduction to the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We will keep you posted as work continues.

Click on the tabs above to get more information, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : 5-kenya4532-classes

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Kakamega, Lukala Village
ProjectID: 4532
Install Date:  08/18/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 09/27/2017

Visit History:
03/08/2017 — Functional
06/22/2017 — Functional
09/27/2017 — Functional

A Year Later: Lukala Primary School

December, 2017

Water from this project is safe for drinking because it’s always treated and therefore we have no doubts of getting ill because we have a safe source in school!

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well with Lukala Primary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Paul Weringa with you.

With clean water, academic performance has improved. Students spend their time in school, not out searching for water. Pupils are able to concentrate on their studies without distractions.

The availability of water on school grounds has also enabled the school to stabilize their lunch program, wherein standard seven and eight students eat lunch on campus, allowing them even more time to study.

Paul Weringa speaking with Mr. Jackson Saya about what he’s witnessed over the past year.

We met Senior Teacher Jackson Saya at the well to talk about how having clean water has affected himself and his students. “Initially, the pupils did not attend their morning lessons because of being out looking for water from the springs and rivers that are far from the school. The rehabilitation of the project has since saved time for pupils. This has also helped teachers cover the syllabus on time because the children are found in class during morning hours. When the syllabus is covered on time, academic performance is also improved.

The level of waterborne disease outbreak has decreased drastically. Typhoid was the main disease that affected pupils before clean water. Latrines are now washed frequently because of the availability of water. This was difficult before when water was scarce. The school is now able to carry out construction projects because there is enough water to do so.”

More classrooms were under construction during our visit.

18-year-old Joshua Mukoya said, “The project has helped me concentrate on my books. Initially, I would spend much of my morning hours looking for water. I wasted three hours every day out of class. The latrines and classrooms could sit for three or four days unwashed. Nowadays, we do our cleaning frequently.

Using water from the springs caused stomachaches among pupils. We have no more stomach pains since the project was rehabilitated! Most of the pupils do not have spoons to use; so for lunch time, we’d use our dirty hands since there was no water for washing hands before eating. Today, we have enough water to wash our hands every time we want to have our meals, after eating and after visiting the latrine.

Water from this project is safe for drinking because it’s always treated and therefore we have no doubts of getting ill because we have a safe source in school!”

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


Morris Middle School
Scandinavians for Life
KCU - DOCARE International
6 individual donor(s)

Want to start your own campaign? Learn more »

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Safe Water & Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI) provides safe, affordable and sustainable water supply services through rehabilitation of boreholes, strengthening of Water User Committees, WaSH training of target beneficiary communities and monitoring & evaluation of water systems.