Shivagala Community

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.29
Longitude 34.47

200 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Safe Water and Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Shivagala Community is home to farmers who plant seasonal crops such as beans, maize, sorghum, and other vegetables. Some of the community members are employed by the nearby sugarcane factory known as Butali Sugar Company to cut sugarcane. Other men and women harvest sand at the local river to sell to local distributors. Most of the young people in are unemployed, staying home to watch the younger children.

Society has written the roles for each and every family member. Husbands are the bread winners who provide security, shelter, food and many other basic needs for their families. Wives carry out household chores such as taking care of children, cooking, fetching water and maintaining good hygiene and sanitation. Children help their parents do chores like collecting firewood, looking after livestock, and fetching water.

Water Situation

Shivagala Community has a hand-dug well that they excavated in 2001. The community members wanted to alleviate the burdens caused by water scarcity. Women were wasting a lot of time traveling long distances in search of water.

While the community had the resources to dig down to the water table, they were not able to finish the well with a pump. The water inside is instead accessed through a hatch; a bucket tied to a rope is lowered until a woman or child has enough water to fill their jerrycan. This process contaminates the well water. Since the well is not sealed with a pump, rainwater washes waste through the hatch.

When delivered back home, water is separated into different containers by use. Drinking water is stored in covered clay pots, which keep the water at a cooler temperature. Water for cleaning, bathing, and watering are either kept in the fetching containers or larger plastic barrels.

A common consequence of drinking this contaminated water is diarrhea, especially in children and elderly. Cases of typhoid have also been reported. Moreover, the hole covered by the hatch is wide enough for small children to fit through. It is dangerous for them to fetch water for their families. Assistant Chief Rose Kiteki said, “Currently, our nearby dispensary has a big percentage of cases of diarrhea and typhoid, in both young and old.”

Sanitation Situation

A little over half of households in this area have a pit latrine. If a family does not have a latrine of their own, they often share with a neighbor. These latrines are made of mud walls and sackcloth doors.

There are no places to wash hands, and not many families even have helpful tools like dish racks or clotheslines. Garbage is disposed of in open fields that are far enough from the home.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will be trained for two days on applicable hygiene and sanitation practices. The facilitator will use the PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Training) method to teach about topics like: Importance of Using Latrines, Good and Bad Hygiene Behavior, Water Treatment, Water Storage, Food Preparation and Storage, Disease Transmission Routes, Blocking the Spread of Disease, and last but not least, Hand-Washing!

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee which will oversee, manage, and maintain the rehabilitated well. Participants will be taught how to build a tippy tap, which is a hand-washing station made out of a jerrycan, rope, and sticks. The facilitator will also encourage every household to build new sanitation facilities like latrines, bathing rooms, dish racks, and clotheslines.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations are scheduled for delivery by the time well rehabilitation is complete. Training participants will be taught the steps to effective hand-washing, and of the importance of using a cleaning agent such as soap or ash. Water user committee members will also check that there is water inside the containers on a daily basis.

Plans: Well Rehabilitation

Locals confirm that this well has never run out of water, even in the driest of seasons. At the time of our visit, we measured it to be 8.3 meters deep with a static water level of six meters. The inside is lined with bricks, and the top has a hatch made of steel that is a little over a half meter wide.

The rehabilitation process will start with resource mobilization. Locals will help us gather all of the materials we need for construction, such as sand, bricks, and water. We will mix that sand with concrete and use it to build a new well pad. The inside will be flushed, we will test pump, and then finish the well with a new AfriDev pump. A new well pad and a new pump will seal in the water, protecting it from outside contaminants. Water will come out, and nothing will go back in.

This project will end with a handing over ceremony. We will meet locals at the rehabilitated well and hand the project over to the water user committee. They will oversee and maintain the pump and hand-washing stations, while encouraging their neighbors to adopt the healthy practices they learned about during training. If there’s ever a problem too big for them to solve, they will give us a call.

We are very grateful to the local leadership’s role in this project. They applied, unified the community, and mobilized participants. We strongly believe that this project will empower the community, especially the women and children who are most responsible for fetching water.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Shivagala Community

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well with Shivagala Community in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Paul Weringa, with you.

The Water Project : shivagala-b-community-6

11/29/2016: Shivagala Community Project Complete

We are excited to share that the well in Shivagala Community is now rehabilitated and providing clean water. Hygiene and sanitation training was conducted for community members, which invited representatives from each family to learn about practices like washing hands and using latrines. Two hand-washing stations were delivered upon the well’s completion. This water and new knowledge give families a great foothold in eliminating water and sanitation-related illness! Please enjoy this update detailing all the work that was done in Shivagala Community, and make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab above to find new pictures of the finished project.

Thank You for unlocking potential for this community. You made clean water a reality, and now you have a chance to make sure it keeps flowing. We invite you to join our team of monthly donors who help us maintain this well and hundreds of other projects!

Project Result: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Hygiene and sanitation training was held under the trees in the center of the community.  Most households had a representative attend, with both men and women showing up to learn. Each person actively participated by listening and asking questions.

4 kenya4542 training

We first focused on the importance of having and using a latrine. We then used pictures to help participants identify and describe good and bad hygiene practices. Last but not least, we focused on hand-washing with both demonstrations and individual practice. Another lesson taught participants how to form a water user committee that will oversee and maintain the rehabilitated well.

At the end of training, community members promised to change their behavior and adopt the new practices they learned about. They will also do their best to implement a schedule for each household to have their own hand-washing station. Emily Shikoli is a mother who attended training on behalf of her family. “We are glad to learn the proper sanitation and hygiene behaviors. This will help to reduce the water diseases in the community,” she said. Below is a picture of Emily actively participating in training.

11 kenya4542 Emily Shikoli

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations were delivered for the handing over ceremony to celebrate the well’s completion. Because of all the training, community members will be able to effectively use and take care of these stations.

28 kenya4542 handing over

Project Result: Well Rehabilitation

Construction to rehabilitate this well began on October 18th.

The construction team started by tearing down the old well pad to make room for a new one. They used a ring of bricks, wire mesh, and cement to make the new well pad. This was then coated with waterproof cement. Before we could do any more work, we had to let the cement dry for several days.

18 kenya4542 well pad construction

After, we developed the well using a compressor. Before installing the new pump, we tested the well to make sure the yield was sufficient. We then fitted the pump base around the hole and anchored the PVC riser main with the cylinder. Finally, we could install the rest of the pump along with the rods and plunger.

The hand-dug well is now one meter in diameter, has a total depth of 8.3 meters, and a static water level of six meters.

23 kenya4542 pump installation

The community provided sand to help us construct the well pad. Local women also cooked meals for our artisans throughout the process. With everybody working together, there were no delays to project implementation.

The water user committee will make sure that everybody does their part to take care of the rehabilitated well and keep the area clean. If there are any complications, they can call our office. We have a monitoring and repair team on standby, with the monitoring crew already on schedule to visit wells at regular intervals. Mr. Fred Sikoli, a village elder, agreed to do everything he could to protect his community’s well. He said, “We are grateful to access water in a simple, timely way. This will help us improve on hygiene and sanitation. We will ensure the water point is secure for our future generation!”

This sustainable clean water source is now serving a grateful and hopeful community. In the near future, they will enjoy the positive results of drinking clean water and practicing good hygiene.

The Water Project : 32-kenya4542-handing-over

10/28/2016: Shivagala Well Rehabilitation Project Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your willingness to help, the Shivagala Community in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A broken well is being rehabilitated so it will be a protected, safe source of water, and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. They will also receive two new hand-washing stations, and be encouraged to build their own. Together these resources will help stop the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including an introduction to the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We will keep you posted as work continues.

Click on the tabs above to find out more, and Thank You for your generous help!

The Water Project : 4-kenya4542-unprotected-well

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Kakamega, Lutonyi
ProjectID: 4542
Install Date:  11/29/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Needs Repair
Last Visit: 02/20/2018

We are actively working with this partner to resolve the issues in this community. The "last visit" date is not necessarily the date we were notified by the partner of any potential problems. Once informed of downtime, we work to respond quickly. We will update the project status when these issues are resolved.

Visit History:
04/01/2017 — Needs Repair
07/17/2017 — Functional
09/19/2017 — Functional
02/20/2018 — Needs Repair

A Year Later: Shivagala Community

December, 2017

Today, we are healthy and continue to enjoy the clean water from the well, and our children attend school without issues.

A year ago, generous donors helped rehabilitate a well with Shivagala Community in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Paul Weringa with you.

Shivagala Community now has great relief from drinking dirty water. They used to draw their water up from an open with a bucket tied to rope. Since the well was rehabilitated with a new well pad and AfriDev pump, not only are people enjoying good health with clean water, but they’re no longer suffering from back and chest pains as a result of lifting the heavy bucket over and over again.

Paul interviewing Rachael Muronji

Families are now healthy and able to do other activities in the home without having to deal with the issues that come from drinking dirty water. Women have enough time to care for their children, cook, and tend to their gardens.

Paul met with the water committee’s treasurer, Rachael Moronji. She said, “Our children used to have diarrhea after drinking water from the open well. This took all of our little money away for medical bills. Today, we are healthy and continue to enjoy the clean water from the well, and our children attend school without issues.” She said that there’s even enough water for the community’s livestock. “Our livestock are now healthy,” she rejoiced. This has boosted their milk production, and thus income for the community.

12-year-old Auriela Shakava agreed, saying “going to school regularly is an achievement to me. This is made possible by the project which provides clean water, eliminating typhoid which caused me to miss school.”

The only challenge here is that many people are still not willing to contribute fees for their well, which would be used for maintenance. They have the idea that water should be free, but the well is really providing a service that needs to be maintained to ensure sustainability. Our team continues to engage with them on this through our quarterly monitoring visits and other trainings.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


St. Mary Catholic Church Altar Rosary Society
Gethsemane Baptist Church
3 individual donor(s)

Want to start your own campaign? Learn more »

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Safe Water & Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI) provides safe, affordable and sustainable water supply services through rehabilitation of boreholes, strengthening of Water User Committees, WaSH training of target beneficiary communities and monitoring & evaluation of water systems.