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The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Completed Well Pad
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Mr Antony
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Latrines
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Community Members
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Nancy Antony
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Water Kiosk
The Water Project: Kitali Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/17/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

It was a hot, sunny, but thankfully windy day when we first visited Kitali Community. It’s a rural area that’s slowly picking up in development. Dense vegetation is broken up by small, mud block households.

There are 840 people from 120 different households living in Kitali. The average family is huge, with around 10 people living under one roof. They practice farming, specializing in sugarcane that’s sold to Butali Sugar Factory and West Sugar Factory. Apart from sugarcane, they plant vegetables in their kitchen gardens to feed their own families. Many of the men are actually employed as laborers for the sugar factories.


There are three different types of water sources in Kitali: rainwater is collected from household roofs, water is paid for from a kiosk, and a bucket and rope are used to access water in an open well.

We’re concerned about the rainwater, for it’s being collected on dirty, rusty roofs. Plus, households only have small buckets and can only collect a small amount. They must supplement this rainwater with either cheap and dirty water or expensive and clean water. This is a difficult choice for households, since sugarcane is being sold at record lows.

Households report that not only is the water kiosk water expensive as they’re charged per container, but it’s also too far for many of them. The open well with a bucket is so much closer, and they insist that it’s been reliable since the 1980s.

“In this community, we have a lot of problems especially we the women. Our work has become so difficult because we lack water. Often we get sick because of consuming dirty and contaminated water. Our children are weak and often get sick as well. Our income is also affected by the issue of water and that is why this community is lagging behind when it come to development,” Mrs. Antony said.


Only a few households are missing pit latrines, which is good news. The bad news is that all of the latrines we visited are in poor condition – not being cleaned frequently because of water scarcity. There are a couple of handwashing stations, but none of them had soap.

People are aware that they should be cleaning their latrines and washing their hands, but they’re of course prioritizing drinking water and cooking water. Mr. Antony Simiyu confirmed this.

“Sanitation conditions in our community are very poor. People don’t even take handwashing seriously because of the scarcity of water,” he said.

“It is difficult for one to go at a far distance to bring water to clean the toilet when there is no water in the kitchen. We give priority to the kitchen and not toilets when it comes to water. One can take even three days without taking a bath because water is scarce here and this affects our body hygiene.”

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


In this community, they are trying their very best when it comes to hanging clothes on a clothesline to dry after washing. But when it comes to handwashing and general hygiene, they need to improve. This can be done through the training that will be offered to them. Knowledge is power, and this is what they lack in this community. Once they have the information, we are confident that their attitude towards hand-washing and personal hygiene will change. And most importantly, they’ll have clean water that’s easily accessible.

The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation) for at least three days of training.

Well Rehabilitation

This type of intervention is the best solution for the people of Kitali because many households prefer its water. Many have depended on this open well since the 1980s, and report that the water levels are consistent.

Once we’ve cleaned out the well, we’ll construct a protective well pad and install a new stainless steel AfriDev pump. This will transform this water point into a more accessible source of clean water.

This project is a part of our shared program with Safe Water and Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

10/18/2018: Kitali Community Project Complete

Water is flowing again from a hand-dug well in Kitali, Kenya. People are thrilled about this development that has further unified them as a community. They also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and the water user committee has been strengthened to better take care of their well.

New Knowledge

Planning hygiene and sanitation training in Kitali Community started on day one. During interviews and direct observations from our tour, we were able to identify hygiene and sanitation challenges that were affecting the well-being of community members. Most households lacked handwashing stations and did not wash their hands at critical times.  A few households lacked dish racks and clotheslines to dry their belongings up off the ground. Apart from the high prevalence of malaria, we noted diarrhea and typhoid cases were also quite high.

We also realized that the old well we were rehabilitating first broke down due to lack of a water point management committee. These facts prompted the hygiene and sanitation department to come up with a two-day training focusing on the formation and training of an effective water user committee and a general training on proper hygiene and sanitation for all community members.


Attendance was as expected. The training days were carefully selected so as to not conflict with other important activities in the community. According to the village elder, there was at least one representative from each household present. We met outside but halfway through, the rains began to fall so we were forced to take shelter in the chairman’s house and neighboring homes for 40 minutes.

We began the training by sharing the findings of our baseline survey. The results quickly aroused interest among the participants, wondering how their day to day habits are affecting their health.

We trained on disease transmission routes for both diarrhea and typhoid. We could see people nodding their heads in agreement. The training then drove home the need for change in the community, including the importance of dish racks, clotheslines, solid waste management, food handling, and handwashing.

Group discussion

Training ended with handwashing practicals. We gave the participants an opportunity to demonstrate to us how they wash their hands, which gave us a chance to teach them the proper process.

By the end of this training, people realized they have the potential to change their quality of life if they work together. They identified activities that they would collectively work on to keep water running in the community, as well as build new hygiene and sanitation tools.

“This training has been an eye-opener, and we feel privileged our community was lucky to undergo the same. Every detail of this training has not only been absorbed by our minds, but it’s actually written on our hearts,” said Mrs. Alice Zakayo.

“We believe, moving forward starting today, our hygiene and sanitation practices are going to change for the better and our health will improve.”

Well Rehabilitation

We built up and re-cemented the well pad to seal cracks and any other openings. Community members helped gather sand that would be mixed with the cement, while we provided five bags of cement and a packet of waterproof cement. The waterproof cement was mainly used around the drawing point to prevent water damage. We installed the base of the new stainless steel AfriDev hand-pump so that it would be firmly sealed in the concrete.

It started raining during well pad construction, but some community members who own umbrellas brought them out and covered our team as they worked.

The reconstructed pad was left to cure for three days, with the community members taking the responsibility of wetting the cement each morning so that it would dry without cracks. The water user committee monitored the drying cement over the three days, lightly watering it so that it would not crack as it dried.

The well was flushed out with an air compressor machine to help get rid of dirt. This created an opportunity for fresh water to recharge into the well after construction. Then the mechanics were given the go-ahead to install the stainless steel AfriDev pump.

The well was chlorinated and handed over to Kitali, though it will be routinely visited through our monitoring and evaluation program.

This project is not only located at the center of this community but also along a busy road taken by pupils who attend a nearby school. Often during lunch breaks and in the evenings on their way back home, pupils crowd at the well to quench their thirst.

“Before rehabilitation of this well, our children were facing a real risk of falling inside the hole because we were drawing water using a rope tied on a bucket. Most parents were always worried about sending their children, especially the younger ones, to come and draw water at this well,” remembered Mr. Geoffrey Wasilwa.

“We are now relieved that besides eliminating that risk, our water point is now protected and the water inside is safe. All I can say is that this new water point is a God-sent miracle to us in this community for this year! We are more than grateful to all those who made this possible. They forever will have a special place in our hearts.”

The Water Project : 19-kenya18285-handing-over-ceremony

08/27/2018: Kitali Community Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage in Kitali Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 1-kenya18285-current-water-source

05/18/2018: Kitali Community Scheduling

Dear Friends,

Kitali Community is just finishing up a busy planting season on their farms. In order to dedicate enough time to intensive hygiene and sanitation training, we’ve decided to wait until they have enough time and energy for group sessions and house visits. Not to mention they’ll have to host our mechanics and artisans, too! This project will now be completed by the end of October or earlier. In the meantime, make sure to check out stories and pictures posted on Kitali’s project page.

The Water Project : 4-kenya18285-community-members

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.