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The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Rehabilitated Well
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Rehabilitated Well
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Rehabilitated Well
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Handing Over Ceremony
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Handing Over The Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Handing Over The Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Group Leadership Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Group Leadership Activity
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Water User Committee Training
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Fetching Water
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Fetching Water
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Carrying Water Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Carrying Water Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Carrying Water Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Woman Carrying Water Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Munungo Community Members
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Latrines Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Latrines Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Kitchen Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Kitchen Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Kitchen Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Dishracks Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Current Water Sources Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Current Water Sources Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Community Activity Munungo
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Clothlines Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Clothlines Munungo Community
The Water Project: Munungo Community -  Animal Pen Munungo Community

Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The distance from Kakamega Town to Munungo Community is very long. It took us two hours and 45 minutes to get to the community location. The ride at the beginning of the journey was enjoyable since the road is tarmacked. But after a while, we took a turn onto a mud road where it was dusty and bumpy.

The Munungo Community area is a peaceful and slightly vegetated rural area. The buildings in this area are mostly mud block walls and iron sheet roofing.

The average family consists of ten people. You can find extended family members living with the nuclear family on many occasions. Most people here are peasant farmers. They grow sugarcane as a cash crop.

In this community, it is the responsibility of the mother to take care of the children and the house while it is the responsibility of the father to earn money and feed the family. They also keep farm animals and sometimes engage in brick making.

Water

Most people travel a mile or more to reach the unprotected water source. Since the nearby drilled well is broken, the people of this community are stranded.

Every day, girls and women have to wake up very early to ensure that they have looked for water before they can do anything. We are currently in the dry season and the hand-dug well is too shallow and about to dry up.

The water quantity in the current well is not enough for the whole community. There is a school nearby which also depends on the same water point.

“Water is a very scarce commodity in this community,” Mrs. Emily Wanyama, a retired smallscale businesswoman, said.

“The lack of water has caused life to be very difficult for an old woman like me. I am so old and sickly and I don’t have the strength to walk around looking for water.”

The known negative consequences are many, though I will mention a few. To begin with, it is waste of time for both mothers and daughters since it sometimes takes the whole day to fetch water. Poor performance is common for girls in schools since they miss school regularly to look for water.

Poverty in the community remains because women are not involved in any income generating activity due to the time spent fetching water. And then there is the outbreak of waterborne diseases in this community because they consume contaminated and untreated water. Finally, women and girls risk attacks when they walk late in the evening to fetch the water.

Sanitation

All homes in the community have latrines. The sanitation conditions of the latrines we observed were very poor. They were dirty because there is no water to wash them.

“People here in this community are enlightened when it comes to hygienic issues because of education,” Levy Barasa, a local farmer, said.

“The challenge in this community is that we have no water to enable us to practice hygienic measures. Because of water problems, hygiene has deteriorated.”

This community is doing well when it comes to hanging their clothes on the clothesline for drying after washing. They are also using the dish rack to put their utensils to dry after cleaning them.

The biggest areas that need improvement are handling drinking water and storage of drinking water, hand washing, and general hygienic measures such as cleaning the animal waste all over the compound.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Handwashing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the well.

Well Rehabilitation

Once we’ve cleaned out the well, we’ll construct a protective well pad and install a new stainless steel AfriDev pump.


This project is a part of our shared program with Safe Water and Sustainable Hygiene Initiative (SAWASHI). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/23/2018: Munungo Community Project Complete

Water is flowing again from a borehole in Munungo, Kenya. People are thrilled about this development that has further unified them as a community. They also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and the water user committee has been strengthened to better take care of their well.

Training

This well was once used by the community members but ended up failing due to lack of proper maintenance. The Nirrah pump was later stolen, rendering the community completely unable to access water from the well. They had no choice but to go back to unprotected sources.

In the process of carrying out the baseline survey of this project, there was clear evidence that major aspects of water project sustainability were lacking. This included:

– A functional water user committee

– A sense of ownership of the project among the community members

Water user committee training

The baseline also indicated that most of the community members don’t practice good hygiene and sanitation.

This, therefore, prompted the hygiene and sanitation department to come up with a two-day training plan focusing on the formation of an effective water user committee and a more general training on proper hygiene and sanitation practices for community members.

A man explains some of the issues that he and his community face.

Local leadership was extremely effective in gathering community members for training. Each water user committee member was there to learn about effective management, while the second day drew an audience from the larger community. Being the rainy season, we were nervous that weather and farming obligations would negatively impact our training. We were pleasantly surprised to find out this wasn’t a factor at all. There was a great turnout!

We taught about waterborne diseases and the chain of contamination, as well as many different domains of hygiene: personal, household, water, and food. There were lots of different ways we communicated new ideas, but our favorites had community members working together and discussing new things.

Community members worked in groups to identify the most prevalent diseases, of which the most common was typhoid. We could then analyze issues and find out how everyday practices are sometimes the root issue. Many of the older women were surprised that diseases aren’t because of the changing seasons or from maize and beans, but are caused by bad hygiene.

People had a lot of fun working together to differentiate between good, bad, and in-between habits. Illustrations were held up, discussed, and put in their proper category.

Last but not least, we taught about the barriers that can be built to stop the spread of disease. Some of these include the construction of a pit latrine and a clean primary water source.

“I didn’t know the five critical times I was supposed to wash my hands before this training,” said Mr. Eliud Mang’ozi.

“What I have learned from this training will go a long way in helping me start practicing good hygiene habits back at home. I also believe the whole community will embrace good hygiene habits.”

Well Rehabilitation

This well was so old that we had to spend a lot of time fixing the erosion around the source. It is important to seal any cracks so that there is little chance of contamination. We used regular cement mixed with waterproof cement for the reconstruction.

We used extra cement to firmly fix the new stainless steel AfriDev pump in place. However, the handle was detached until confirmation of clean water from the water quality test. After the report indicated the water was safe for drinking, we returned with the handle and then chlorinated the well.

Upon completion, community members invited us for an official ceremony. We also used this time to hand over four handwashing stations to the neediest families in this community. After we gathered around the well to witness clean water flowing for the first time in years, we celebrated by sharing a meal.

This woman is overjoyed to have a handwashing station to keep at home!

A cohesive love and hospitality were clearly demonstrated to us every step of the way. Each time we set foot in this community, we were welcomed with a song and dance and were invited to share a meal before we left. Our hearts melted with joy when we saw an elderly couple, each over 90 years-old, turning up to express their gratitude during the handing over ceremony! This was a clear demonstration of their relief to have clean drinking water again.

One of the older members of the community witnesses the clean water restored to this well.

“Access to clean water in this community has previously been a nightmare, especially for the elderly,” shared Mr. Timothy Masatija.

“Rehabilitation of this well is miraculous for us. We did not anticipate it to happen anytime soon. But because the ways of God are not the ways of man, we now have our borehole in working condition. We are extremely grateful to those who have made this possible.”


The Water Project : 34-kenya18286-rehabilitated-well


05/18/2018: Munungo Community Project Underway

Dirty water from open sources is making people in Munungo Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to create a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18286-woman-fetching-water-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.



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