Lukongo Primary School

Water Point
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.24
Longitude 34.41

500 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Lukongo Primary School was started in 1958. The school was built by the Catholic Church with the aim of providing education to the locals of Lukongo Community. The school offers education for both boys and girls from nursery school to standard eight.

The school’s water project is a hand dug well that was dug in 2005 by the school after it received grants from the government. Initially, the well was fitted with an affridev pump, which was later vandalized by unknown people during the post-election violence in 2008. The school currently instructs pupils to carry water from their homes for cleaning their classes and latrines. The quality and safety of the water is not guaranteed since the water comes from various open sources. The school also has a reservoir tank that collects water during the rainy season, but it is not adequate supply for all the students. Due to lack of water in the school, the school is unable to sustain the school-feeding program. The students, some of whom live far away from the school are forced to go home for lunch.

The breakdown of the school population is shown below:

  • Girls:                           380
  • Boys:                           300
  • Teachers:                     17
  • Subordinate staff:       2
  • Totals:            698


During the baseline survey, the Bridge Water Project team witnessed that some of the school children suffered from jiggers. The school has also reported cases of absenteeism due to occasional outbreaks of diarrhea.

The sanitation facilities in the school are the compost pits and pit latrines. The school has a total of 11 latrines, 3 for boys, 6 for girls and 2 for teachers. The latrines are cleaned three times a week. The latrines are way below the required standards of WHO (World Health Organization) which requires the ratio of 1 latrine to 25 children.

Due to the scarcity of water, the classrooms are mopped on Mondays only. They are swept the rest of the days. The school does not practice hand washing since there are no hand washing stations in the school.

If the well is rehabilitated, it will benefit the entire Lukongo primary school population and the surrounding community of 30 households (approximately 6 people per family).

Lukongo Primary School is in dire need of a safe, quality and reliable water source. If the water source is rehabilitated, the school will be able to start the school-feeding program. The cleaning of classrooms and latrines will be made easier.

Water is needed in the school so that pupils will not have the burden of carrying water for long distances to school. This will enable them to concentrate more on their studies.

Based on the survey, the school students and staff need to be trained on proper hygiene and sanitation.


The Lukonji Water Project committee is inactive since the well has not been in use for an extended period of time. As one of the requirements, the school will create a committee before the project rehabilitation is implemented.

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Recent Project Updates

05/19/2014: Lukongo Primary School Project Complete

We are excited to report that the water project at Lukongo Primary School in Kenya is complete.  A broken well has been restored, and the community has received training in sanitation and hygiene.  The report below from our partner in the field gives some great detail about how all of these things happened:


In Lukongo Primary School, Children’s Hygiene and Sanitation Training (CHAST) was applied to promote good hygiene and sanitation practices among the pupils. Since the school has a Health Club, the training was attended by the school Health Club members ranging from class 4 to class 8. The total number of the members is 28, 18 girls and 10 Boys. The trainees were required to participate in the training, work in groups and make presentations using posters. The training commenced with a word of prayer form one of the club members, thereafter an introduction from the BWP team and the participants.

The hygiene and sanitation of the school is poor and this has caused the regular outbreak of diarrhea among the pupils. Some of the pupils have also been reported to suffer from jiggers. This training was aimed at encouraging good hygiene practices among the pupils so as to curb the outbreak of poor hygiene related diseases.

a)      The hygiene domains

The first group discussed personal hygiene. It talked about the importance of personal hygiene practices.  

The second group discussed environmental hygiene. It discussed the good hygiene practices that would help keep the environment clean. During the presentation, the group talked about picking litter at school and ensuring that the school compound is clean at all times.

The third group discussed the safe disposal of excreta. It discussed the importance of using the latrine. They also stated that if feces were not well disposed, they would lead to the contamination of water sources.

b)     Problem Identification

 Using the two pile sorting tool, the pupils were split into two groups so as to come up with good and bad hygiene practices from a set of posters. The main aim of this activity was for the pupils to identify particular posters as either good or bad.

c)      Clean is beautiful

‘Clean is beautiful’ is an exercise that aims at stressing that proper hand washing prevents the spread of diarrheal diseases. In an effort to encourage proper hand washing, BWP encouraged the health club to take initiative and come up with hand washing stations in the school and sensitize the rest of the school on the importance of hand washing.

d)     Pocket chart

The pocket chart is used to collect and analyze information on individual sanitation practices. By using this tool, BWP facilitators directed the pupils into voting so as to find out if they practiced open defecation. The table below shows the results from the pocket chart.


Latrine use

Open defecation














Results from the pocket chart showed that 80% of the pupils still practiced open defecation. Open defecation is one of the major contaminants of our water sources. The pupils discussed in their respective groups the importance and proper use of latrines. They learnt that proper use of latrines would eradicate the spread of diarrheal diseases.

e)      Germ free food

Ensuring that food is not contaminated is one of the ways of preventing diarrheal diseases.. The pupils came up with the proper ways of handling food.

–          Proper hand washing before handling food.

–          Proper cooking of food.

–          Serving food on clean utensils.

–          Washing food well before cooking or eating.

–          Preparing food on clean surfaces.

–          Ensuring that food storage containers are clean.

f)       How to prevent diarrhea

 Diarrheal diseases come as a result of consuming contaminated food and water. It was important for the participants to learn and understand the various routes of transmission of fecal-oral diseases. The F-Diagram was used for this exercise. Posters showing feces, flies, fluids, fingers and fields were used.


After training the school on proper hygiene and sanitation, it was time to implement the rehabilitation of the school well. The service team mobilized to Lukongo Primary school to start the repair work. Since the well had a few cracks, some cement work was done to repair them. After a few days, the BWP staff went back on site to install a new affridev pump. Pupils and teachers were present to witness the whole process. The team started by chlorinating the well and then installing the pump at a depth of 25M, 5M above the total depth of the well.

The pupils were overjoyed to see water flowing from the pump since they will no longer be required to carry water from home. BWP Staff encouraged the pupils to practice all that they had learnt during the hygiene and sanitation training since they now had a reliable water source.

The senior teacher who was present during the handing over confirmed that the school would start a feeding program because of the availability of water. The rehabilitated well was officially handed over to the school. The entire school was thankful to Bridge Water Project and The Water Project for ensuring that they have a safe and reliable water source in the school.

We just posted some new pictures of the completed project.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4245-36-handing-over-the-rehabilitated-water-source-to-the-pupils

03/13/2014: Lukongo Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that Lukongo Primary School and the surrounding community in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A well originally built in 2005 will be restored so that it is a dependable source of water.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  We’ll keep you posted as the project progresses.  Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4245-08-students-of-lukongo-primray-school-at-their-well

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4245
Install Date:  05/19/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Needs Repair
Last Visit: 07/24/2017
Well Depth:  98.00M


We are actively working with this partner to resolve the issues in this community. The "last visit" date is not necessarily the date we were notified by the partner of any potential problems. Once informed of downtime, we work to respond quickly. We will update the project status when these issues are resolved.

Visit History:
07/16/2014 — Functional
11/19/2015 — Functional
01/24/2016 — Needs Attention
08/05/2016 — Needs Repair
12/02/2016 — Functional
02/24/2017 — Needs Repair
04/10/2017 — Needs Repair
04/11/2017 — Needs Attention
05/02/2017 — Functional
07/24/2017 — Needs Repair


Hutchinson Environmental Sciences Ltd.
Dick and Marcy Dunkelberger
Borst Clan
In Honor of Joanna Hanan
The D&S Jones Family
The Krimendahl Family
Philip Sarff
margos gifts
47 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.