Emulembwa Community

Water Point
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.24
Longitude 34.44

160 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Emulembwa community water project is a hand dug well that was done by the Kefinco (Kenya Finland Company) in the year 1988. Since there was no proper management committee to oversee the water system, the well did not serve the community for a long period of time. According to the information gathered from the community members, one person, who was an older gentleman, maintained the well and when he passed away, no one was left to oversee the operations of the well.

A section of young ladies organized in a group known as Ababukha self-help group came up with the resolutions of overseeing the well’s operations. The group took up the responsibility until the year 2002 when the pump was completely worn out hence could not help repair it again. At this point, the community went back to fetch water from the unprotected spring which is approximately 3km away.

With the formation of a strong water committee and proper community sensitization, BWP has seen the need to rehabilitate the well by cleaning and installing an afridev pump. This will save the community members from the outbreak of water borne diseases which occur as a result of drinking contaminated water from the spring which is also seasonal.


As indicated earlier, the Emulembwa community members access water from a spring which is located 3km away. The spring is seasonal (dries up during dry seasons) and heavy rains and animals who are also watered there contaminate its water.

As a result of drinking this water, the community members have experienced diseases like diarrhea, cholera and typhoid. This has been occurring mainly to children and people of old age.


The EMULEMBWA community has a population of approximately 30 households where as each household has a population of 5 to 6 members.


At least every household has a latrine. No hand washing is done as no hand washing points could be seen during our visits. Neither cloth lines nor dish racks in most homes. Water taken from the spring is not treated. 


A strong water committee will be formed prior to the implementation of the project. The water committee will be in charge on the water system to ensure good maintenance and sustainability. 

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

05/12/2014: Emulembwa Project Complete

We are very excited to report that the project to bring clean water to the community of Emulambwa, Kenya, is complete!  A broken well has been restored so that it is a dependable source of safe, clean, water, and the community has received training in proper sanitation and hygiene. The report below gives some great detail on how the project progressed.  We also posted some new pictures of the project, so be sure to take a look.  And Thank You for your help!


As the first step towards implementing Emulembwa water project rehab, the Bridge Water Project team headed to the community to train the members on proper hygiene and sanitation practices. Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) methodology was applied during the training. This approach helps participants understand that poor hygiene and sanitation behaviors and practices are the major causes of diarrheal diseases that are prevalent in many communities. Due to the reported cases of typhoid and diarrhea in young children it was important to take the community members through this training and make them realize that these diseases could be preventable if only they practiced good hygiene.

The training was attended by 15 community members, 8 women and 7 men. After a word of prayer from one of the community members, on introduction between the BWP team and the participants was done.

To get the clear understanding of community members in regards to hygiene and sanitation, BWP facilitator asked the community members to discuss among themselves and come up with the meaning. After a few attempts, the facilitator helped them understand that for good hygiene to be practiced, sanitation, which is the physical aspect, should be put in place. The trainees came up with toilets, bathrooms, compost pits, utensils racks and clothe lines as some of the sanitation in the community.

BWP facilitator continued the training by introducing a set of tools and activities that would be applied in the training. They were:

a)     Problem analysis

b)     Identification of solution


Problem analysis helps trainees understand how everyday hygiene and sanitation practices may cause diarrheal diseases. This exercise will enable the community members to start considering what can be done to improve practices in order to prevent diseases. For this exercise, the three pile sorting, pocket chart and disease transmission routes tools were used.

i)                  Three pile sorting

The three pile sorting tool helps the trainees to exchange information and discuss common hygiene practices and their impact on health. To start off the exercise, the community members were given different sets of posters so as to come up with the good and bad hygiene practices. After discussing and exchanging the posters each participant was given a chance to make a presentation and give a reason why he or she considered the posters in hand as either good or bad.

ii)                Pocket chart

The pocket chart tool helps to investigate community practices. This is achieved through collecting, organizing and analyzing information on individual practices. In the case of Emulembwa community, BWP’s main aim was to find out the number of people that use latrines and those that still practice open defecation. The facilitator explained to the community members how the pocket chart works and that the voting would be done in private. After the community members had cast their votes, the tallying was done. The results are reflected in the table below:

The result from the pocket was a clear indication that some of the community members still practiced open defecation. BWP rated the views of the trainees concerning open defecation. One of the community members clearly explained to the rest of the trainees that open defecation was one of the major causes of diarrheal diseases since the waste is swept to the water sources thus causing contamination. He then encouraged the community members to ensure that all their homesteads have latrines.

iii)             Disease transmission routes

Water and environmental sanitation play an essential role in the spread of diarrheal diseases. This disease is spread through person to or faecal oral contact where hygiene and sanitation facilities are lacking or present but not in use. For this particular exercise, the F-diagram was faecal matter use to get to the human body. The community members were given posters representing fingers, flies, feaces, fields and fingers. After going through the posters, they came up with all the routes.


This exercise helps to identify all the possible solutions or barriers that would prevent disease transmission routes. The BWP facilitator gave the trainees posters so as to block the disease transmission routes on the F- diagram. They are referred to as the blocking posters. The poster represented water treatment, hand washing, latrine use and food covering. After a lengthy discussion, the community members blocked all the routes.

Hand washing

Since proper hand washing prevents the spread of diarrheal diseases, it was crucial to demonstrate the proper hand washing procedure to community members. The trainees learnt that in cases where soap is not available, ash can also be used for hand washing. Two community members came forward to demonstrate of how they washed their hands. Through the guidance of the BWP facilitator, a second demonstration was done.

On concluding the training, BWP urged the community members to work together towards maintaining and sustaining the water source. They were also encouraged to put into practice what they had learnt during the hygiene and sanitation so as to curb diarrheal diseases and improve on their health.


After successfully completing the hygiene and sanitation training, it was time to go back and implement the physical part of the project. The masonry team started by removing the concrete slab that was covering the well. This was done so that a proper cement work would be done. The other aim of this exercise was to modify the slab into the right size so that it would accommodate an affridev pump. After the necessary changes were made, the slab was put back on the well followed by a proper and more concrete cement work. The well pad was smoothened to give it a proper finish. The community members were instructed to water the well pad on a daily basis until it was well cured.


Bridge water project went back to Emulembwa community for the final implementation of the water project after confirming that the well pad was well cured. An affidev pump was installed at a depth of 15 metres, 5 metres above the total depth of 20 metres. The pump was installed with 2” upvc rising main pipes and stainless steel rods. During the pump installation the community members were present and helped the BWP team to install the pump.

After completing the installation of the pump, the rehabilitated water source was handed over to the community members. It was a great joy for them to see water flowing from the well since access to quality and easily accessible water had been a big challenge for them for a long time. The community members have promised to take care of the water source and practice good hygiene and sanitation. The community as a whole is grateful to Bridge Water Project and The Water Project for ensuring that they have a safe and reliable water source and all the proper knowledge on proper hygiene and sanitation.

The Water Project : kenya4254-22-emulembwa-handing-over

04/23/2014: Emulembwa Community Project Getting Started

We are excited to announce that a water project has begun in Emulembwa, Kenya.  A well originally built in 1988 will be restored and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene.  Together, these critical parts of a water project will help stop the spread of disease within the community.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures. As the project continues, we’ll keep you posted.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4254-02

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4254
Install Date:  05/12/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Needs Repair
Last Visit: 03/08/2018

We are actively working with this partner to resolve the issues in this community. The "last visit" date is not necessarily the date we were notified by the partner of any potential problems. Once informed of downtime, we work to respond quickly. We will update the project status when these issues are resolved.

Visit History:
11/06/2015 — Functional
02/03/2016 — Needs Repair
05/26/2016 — Functional
08/05/2016 — Needs Attention
12/07/2016 — Functional
02/24/2017 — Functional
04/10/2017 — Needs Repair
07/24/2017 — Functional
03/08/2018 — Needs Repair


The Blanke Foundation
The H. Evan Zeiger, Jr. & Margaret Zeiger Charitable Foundation

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.