Project Status

Project Type:  Well Rehab

Program: Well Rehab in Kenya

Impact: 336 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2014

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/28/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project's program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Mukhonje community water project is a hand dug well that was initiated by Kefinco (Kenya Finland Company) in the year 1994. Their aim of digging this well was to provide a safe and reliable water source to the members of Mukhonje community. The total depth of the well is 12.6M and the water level is 10M. The well was installed a 5’’ casing and then fitted with a Nira pump. It served the community for a long time and the water was reliable since it would withstand the dry seasons. Due to ware and tare, the pump got spoilt in the year 2003. The then water committee did the repairs but the pump was rendered useless in the year 2004 since the spare parts could not be found locally since Nira pumps were not sold locally. Since the well was not under anyone’s care, the spoilt pump was vandalized by unknown people in the year 2006. The community members started fetching water from the well using a bucket and a rope. The water became unsafe since children from the neighboring Mukhonje Primary school would throw litter in the well. The local area leadership decided to cover the well and lock it with a padlock until they found another pump. Due to the condition of their current water source, BWP has granted the communities wish for a new pump to be installed on the well.


The community members currently access water from a stream called Mutakha Tsanzu. The stream is not protected and drys up during the dry season. The turbidity of the water is 40, which is below the recommended level of WHO (World Health Organization). When the stream dries up, the community members fetch water from a hand dug well that was dug by one of the community members. This hand dug well also serves the neighboring Mukhonje Secondary School.  The community fetches water from the hand dug well using a rope and a jerrican and sometimes the rope and Jerricans fall in the well and this causes contamination, making it unsafe for human consumption.


Below is the breakdown of the population.

-          Community members - 42 household (Approximate 8 members per household)

(35% of the household are headed by females while 65% are headed by males).

-          Mukhonje Secondary School - 220 students

-          11 teachers

-          5 subordinate staff


BWP team visited Mukhonje community for the baseline survey. The community members were interviewed and observation was done in the homesteads.

1.      Bathing rooms: (outside spaces on the homestead that provide privacy to take a bucket shower, usually a hand built structure made of local plant material)

Respondents with bathing rooms

Finding from the questionnaires showed that 20% of the households in the community did not have bathing rooms while 80% of them had bathrooms.


All the respondents interviewed responded to having latrines but none of the latrines had covers.

When asked whether they used the bathrooms and latrines, 95% gave a positive response while 5% confirmed to not using the facilities.

2.      Hand washing

Out of those interviewed, 20.59% agreed to washing their hands before preparing food while 38.24% agreed to washing hands before eating. 41.18% of the respondents washed their hands after defecating. There were also some hand washing stations with soap and water erected in some of the homesteads and this was a clear indication that they practiced hand washing.

Hand washing practice

Kenya4255 chart 1

Hand washing with soap or ash

The pie chart below shows that 75% of the community members use soap while 20% wash their hands using water only. None of the community members agreed to washing hands with ash.

Kenya4255 chart 2

3.      Compost pits

All the home steads visited had compost pits but some of them were not well kept.

4.      Hand washing stations

Some of the homesteads visited had well-structured hand washing stations with soap and water. This hand washing stations were brought in the community by IPA (Innovation for Poverty Action).


If Mukhonje water project is rehabilitated it will greatly benefit the community members and the neighboring Mukhonje Secondary school.


There’s need to rehabilitate the water source so that the community members and neighboring Mukhonje Secondary school can have access to clean, safe and reliable water.

It is also necessary to train the community members on proper hygiene and sanitation since some of their hygiene practices are not good. The community members must also be sensitized on the importance of using the sanitation facilities in their community and coming up with new ones for those who have none.


Since the well has not been in use for a long time, the committee that was initially put in place is no longer active. The community members have agreed to come together and elect a new committee that will oversee the running of the well once it is rehabilitated.


- Poor roads and bad weather.


- Good reception from the community members.

- Successful implementation of the project.


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Project Photos

Project Type

Well rehabilitation is one of the most cost effective ways to bring clean, safe water to a community.  Sometimes it involves fixing a broken hand pump, other times it means sealing a hand dug well to prevent it from being contaminated.  These repairs, and often time total replacements, coupled with sanitation and hygiene training make a huge impact in communities.


Project Sponsor - Scott & Tasha Swank