Chebwayi Dispensary

Water Point
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.50
Longitude 34.83

500 Served

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Chebwayi dispensary is a facility that was started in the year 1935 sponsored by the Seventh Day Adventist church. The dispensary lies along the Kakamega Webuye road and next to Butali sugar factory.

Being a health center, the dispensary serves a big population of local people from the surrounding and distance communities.

The dispensary treats people who suffer diseases like typhoid, diarrhea, cholera, and malaria among other diseases.

The dispensary receives at least 30 patients per day and more than 150 patients on clinic days which are held on Tuesday and Thursday every week.


Chebwayi dispensary is one of the facilities that were provided with this hand dug well in 1986. The well was then installed with a Nira pump, which served the dispensary, the community and the neighboring schools for a long period of time until it got spoiled. More efforts were done to repair the Nira pump but eventually no spare parts could found in the local market.

Besides the hand dug, the neighboring Chebwayi Institute, which consists of a primary, secondary school and college section had its own source of water, which was pumped by an electric engine, 2km away from its 15000 liters water tank that is constructed next and behind the dispensary.

With the supply of water from the 15000 L tank available, the dispensary together with the whole community resolved to get water from this source. However, the supply from the tank is not reliable since water from its catchment area where it is collected and pumped dries up during dry seasons.

Because of this shortage of water in the health facility, the community and the school around, decided to break the well pad of the hand dug well to access the water in the well. On breaking the well pad, the beneficiaries improvised a wooden cover, which was used to cover the open hole of the well.

On the other hand, the neighboring school to the dispensary begun sinking shallow wells in their compounds with the hope of accessing a lot water but all in vain. The shallow wells have remained dry and only collect water during rain seasons of which it cannot serve the school population.

To date, the dispensary, community and neighboring school both depend on this one hand dug well regardless of its present condition, which includes being improperly covered and constant contamination is taking place.

The well is contaminated by surface running rainwater, animal droppings. Besides the contamination by the said sources, the well is also contaminated by the way water is collected for use. For instance, the beneficiaries use a small container, which is tied with a rope and then dropped into the well. The possibilities are that the rope decomposes and as a result, it leaves small particles in the well. In addition, the container used to fetch water from the well carries dirt that comes as a result of placing it on dirty surface of the well.

The well also poses a risk to young children who are sent by their parents to fetch water. Since its open, it’s feared that young children could easily fall in when pulling water from the well that may exceed their weight.

With regard to all said conditions, the well to be rehabilitated has the potential to serve the dispensary, the community and the neighboring school since it doesn’t dry up even in the dry seasons. Therefore, the well requires a hand pump, which will be installed so as to help the beneficiaries’ access water easily, prevent contamination and also avoid the risk of children falling in.


The population is as follows:

  • Dispensary: Minimum of 50 patients per day, 10 doctors.
  • Primary School: 300 pupils, 118 girls, 182 boys and 28 teachers
  • Secondary School 130 students, 60 ladies, 70 gents and 25 teachers           
  • College 170 students, 95 ladies, 75 gents and 30 teachers, Support staff:  65
  • Community: 30 households (approx. 7 members per household)                   


Through the interviews and physical observations that were carried out during our visitation to this project, several conclusions were made. The interviews carried out mainly focused on members of the households and the patients who visited the dispensary.

10% of the patients who visited the dispensary were from other communities while 90% came from Chebwayi community. At least every household had a total number of 6 to 8 members. In most cases, the males head the families from Chebwayi community.

Out of 80% of the households that were visited for hygiene and sanitation analysis, 75% had bathing rooms. 5% of the other members did not have bathing rooms because of ignorance. 60% of the families visited did have the latrines that were functional during our visit. 15% of the remaining 20% had latrines that were not used by the family members especially children under 8 years. Instead, the children defecated in the nearby bushes. The remaining 5% did not have latrines. This is because some of the families ignored using latrines due to traditional believes, for example, daughters in law cannot use the same latrine with the father in law. Most families from the 5% are willing to construct the latrines for themselves.

Only 10% of the community members do wash their hands by use of soap especially before and after meals, after visiting the latrines and after work. The rest of the community members never use soap or ash when washing hands.

The overall hygiene and sanitation of this community is not bad. There is no substantial presence of human feces within 20m or near water sources. There are latrines in the dispensary, school and the community at large. Most homes have effective composite pits, no vector breeding sites and the households have the mosquito nets.

Other hygiene facilities like dish racks, hanging lines for clothes are present in at least 55% of the whole community. 

The school has hand-washing stations in place.  There is room for improvement though and BWP plans on conducting a hygiene and sanitation training to improve the sanitation within the community and to change behaviors with hygiene amongst community members.


The water committee is already there and it will be strengthened during sanitation and hygiene workshop prior to the implementation of the project. The water committee will comprise of the doctors of the dispensary, teachers from the neighboring school and community members.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

08/07/2014: Chebwayi Dispensary Project Complete

We are very excited to report that the water project at Chebwayi Dispensary in Kenya is completed!  A well has been repaired and sanitation training has been accomplished.  The report below from our partner in the field gives the latest information about this project:


Water is essential to life and health; however, more than one billion people worldwide do not have access to safe drinking water. Waterborne diseases have been estimated to cause more than two million deaths and four billion cases of diarrhea annually.

Chebwai Community is one of the communities that have high infections of diarrhea among other waterborne diseases, which have been responsible for the greatest burden of morbidity and mortality and children under five years of age are the most severely affected. As per the base-line survey carried out by BWP, it showed that 55% of children under five years in this community report to Chebwai Dispensary suffering from diarrhea, typhoid and cholera. The records from the health center were the means of verifications.

As a way of helping the community to overcome the outbreaks of the waterborne diseases, BWP staff conducted a full training in Sanitation and Hygiene to women and men of this community. The activities included;
1. Mapping water and sanitation in their community.
2. Measuring good and bad hygiene behaviors.
3. Investigating community health practices.
4. How Diseases spread
5. Identifying Health problems in the community.
All the activities were meant for the community member’s to identify and analyze their health problems. During the activities for example, the community members realized that the outbreak of waterborne diseases was not due to the weather seasons that occurred but was due to the poor Hygiene and sanitation practices done by them in their homes.

Some of the recommended ideal practices to the families represented by the members present for the training were:

1. Always consume safe water – This meant that the families should treat all water used for drinking and cooking by chlorination, filtration, boiling or solar disinfection to reduce pathogens found in water.
– Always cover water storage containers or use narrow neck containers.
– Extract water from the tap or with clean utensils such as dipper.
– Place water storage containers where young children cannot access easily.
– Always use a different (clean) vessel to transfer water for drinking.
– Prevent anyone from putting their hands into the drinking water vessel especially children.
– Clean the water storage containers twice weekly with soap

2. Always safely dispose feces, especially of children – As a way of doing this parents and care givers should;
– Have young children always use a potty, washable diapers or disposable diapers.
– Always dispose the feces in a toilet.
– Consistently put disposal diapers in covered pits or toilets that are part of a solid waste disposal system out of the household and community environment.

3. Wash hands with soap or Ash- The community members were encouraged to
– Always use correct hand washing techniques; rub at least three times especially fingers. Use a cleaning agent that is soap, use dripping or running water if possible. Air dry or wipe hands on a clean cloth.
– Always wash hands at critical moments i.e. after visiting the toilet, changing the baby feces, before eating or cooking.

4. Prepare and store food safely;
– Always peel or wash fresh food before eating or cooking.
– Always cook and re heat cooked food at high temperatures before eating.
– Wash food preparation surfaces with soap and water
– Never consume animal products that have been improperly prepared and always cover your food to keep off flies.

For further identification of solutions to the outbreak of waterborne diseases, the community members did several activities:
1. Blocking the spread of diseases.
2. Choosing water improvements
3. Choosing improved hygiene behaviors
4. Taking time for questions.

This Training was successfully done and thereafter the rehabilitation of the well began. During the rehabilitation, the workmen from BWP did the cement work being supported by community members in provision of human labor materials like concrete and sand.
The constructed pad was left to cure for one week. There after a new afridev pump was installed and the water chlorinated. To complete this project, the community members in full support of the water committee were invited for the official handing over. The community members were happy as they received their rehabilitated water project with hopes that there shall be a reduction of waterborne diseases.


Having conducted hygiene and sanitation training to the community as well as rehabilitating their well, it is recommended that monitoring and evaluation is done quarterly to measure the impact and results both on hygiene and sanitation as well as the rehabilitated well.

We just posted some new pictures of the project including members of the community enjoying safe, clean water.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4256-43-handing-over-of-the-chebwayi-rehabilitated-well

05/20/2014: Chebwayi Dispensary Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to bring clean water to Chebwayi Dispensary in Kenya is underway.  A broken well will be restored so that it is a dependable source of safe, clean water.  In addition, the community will be trained in sanitation and hygiene.  Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the community.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4256-14-chebwayi-sign-post

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4256
Install Date:  08/07/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 02/25/2018

Visit History:
05/19/2015 — Functional
10/20/2015 — Needs Attention
04/27/2016 — Needs Attention
07/13/2016 — Functional
07/13/2016 — Functional
12/09/2016 — Functional
02/20/2017 — Functional
06/20/2017 — Functional
09/20/2017 — Functional
02/25/2018 — Functional


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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.