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The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -
The Water Project: Eshikulu Community -

Project Status

Project Type:  Well Rehab

Program: Well Rehab in Kenya

Impact: 378 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Oct 2014

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/11/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Eshikulu Community Water project rehabilitation is a shallow Hand dug well water point initiated in the year 1988 by Kenya Finland Western Water Supply Program me (KFWWSP). The well is 46 ft. (total depth), water resting static level (which is the water level when you are not pumping and haven’t pumped recently) is 6 meters, and was constructed by 1 meter diameter by 24 inches concrete casings from bottom to the top surface, covered with 4” concrete slab, thereafter an INDIAN MARK II pump was installed which served the community up to 2010. The only option the community saw was to break the 4” inch concrete slab to allow them draw water using a 20-liter jerri can tied on the rope. As a result of worn out ropes, many jerri cans dropped in the well and the water users could not enter into well to retrieve them.

Following the announcements in District officer’s public meetings, Eshikulu Community members learned of Bridge Water Projects (Development partners in Water Sector) rehabilitating Kefinco failed wells in the area. They soon made an application to Bridge Water Project requesting for their community’s well rehab support.


The community currently gets water from the same source despite challenges of buckets  and containers dropping in the well when the rope gets weak. The well is not covered and poses the possibility of foreign objects dropping in hence contaminating water, which becomes risk for the consumer’s health.


Eshikulu Community has 42 households with numbers of 6 – 9 people per house averagely 250 – 378 people


Most homes have pit latrines, bathrooms, dish rack outside the kitchen, no cloth lines, composite pit in a few of the home while most does not have water storage facilities and not well covered.

Respondents with bathrooms/bath shelters

Kenya4258 chart 1

 Respondents with bathrooms/bath shelters

Kenya4258 chart 2

Respondents who use latrines/bathrooms

Kenya4258 chart 3

Respondents with latrines covers

Kenya4258 chart 4

Place of defecation for respondents

Kenya4258 chart 5

Respondent capable of digging and constructing own latrine if given latrine

Kenya4258 chart 6

Respondent ready and willing to collect local materials to construct family latrine

Kenya4258 chart 7

What respondents use to wash hands?

Kenya4258 chart 8

Hand washing practice

Kenya4258 chart 9

Presence of community latrines

Kenya4258 chart 10

Primary Water source

Kenya4258 chart 11


There’s need to rehabilitated Eshikulu Community water project by installing Afridev Pump so as to improve water quality for better health and to make it more efficient for the consumers to draw water instead of using buckets tied on the unsafe ropes.


If the well is rehabilitated community members and Eshikulu Anglican church will be the beneficiaries.


During BWP meeting with community members under the direction of their Village Elder, they resolved to choose a water committee amongst themselves before the implementation of the water rehab project.

Project Updates

10/30/2014: Eshikulu Community Project Complete

We are excited to report that the Eshikulu Community in Kenya has a new source of safe, clean water.  A broken well has been repaired, and the people have received training in sanitation and hygiene.  The report below gives some great information about all the work that went into this project:


Introduction and rational

In order to address the fundamental causes and requirements for hygiene and sanitation at Eshikulu community, BWP identified the need to prevent disease and promote health conditions associated with limited access to clean and safe drinking water. To achieve this, BWP conducted community education on hygiene and sanitation. BWP recognized that, provision of hygiene and sanitation education had a more positive impact in complementing the proposed rehabilitation of Eshikulu community borehole.

The training was convened under a tree near the proposed borehole site. The training was attended by 22 community members, 12 men and 10 women. The training started with prayer and a brief introduction between the BWP team and the community members. BWP facilitators stated the objectives of the training to community members. The objective of the training was to prevent disease and promote good health practices by particularly focusing on hygiene behaviors, sanitation practices, transmission and prevention of diarrheal and other waterborne diseases. The training also emphasized the need for sustainability of the project through community partnership, contribution and ownership.

Training materials

Training materials included photos of good and bad hygiene behaviors and sanitation practices, photos of the F-diagram, photos of blocking disease transmission, flip charts, marker pens, leaves for voting during pocket chart presentations and sticks for use to demonstrate the role play on community entry.

Training methodology

Facilitators from BWP adopted the participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST technique in equipping the community members with relevant skills. This approach was preferred because it enhanced participation of all community members regardless of their social backgrounds. The approach uses pictorial presentations to communicate hygiene and sanitation messages hence easy to understand.

Steps followed during the training

PHAST methodology goes through different steps so as to convey the hygiene and sanitation message.

Step 1. Community entry

As a first step this tool helped to bring out the different relationships that agencies have with community members while implementing a project. In the River Crossing Role Play, there’s a flooded river with three stones placed at equal distances from each other within the river. Since the travelers were unfamiliar with the river, the herdsman helped them cross through it.

The participants were engaged in a role play to demonstrate entry of a development partner in their community. The three volunteers from among the participants’ two representing travelers and one a herdsman participated in the role play. After the play was performed, the community members stated what they had seen and learnt from the play. The river represented the problems in the community, the stones represented the solutions, and the herdsman represented the agencies which in this case is BWP, while the travelers represented the community. The purpose of this role play was to show the importance of community participation in the implementation of any project. Materials used included two sticks and three stones.

Step 2. Problem analysis

The objective of this step was to demonstrate hygiene and sanitation problems in the community through a participatory assessment by the participants. To achieve this objective, community members were taken through different a number of activities focusing on: good and bad hygiene behaviors’; investigating community practices and diseases transmission routes.

Materials used included photos of good and bad hygiene behaviors, sanitation practices and the F-diagram. Flips charts and maker pens were also used.

a)      Good and bad hygiene practices

For this activity, the two pile sorting tool was applied. This tool helps trainees exchange information on community hygiene behaviors and their impact on health through discussions. A set of two pile sorting were distributed among the community members. After discussing in groups, each community member made a presentation before the whole group. The good hygiene behavior posters were placed under a smiling face poster while the bad hygiene posters were placed under a frowning face poster. They all agreed that the posters represented all the practices in their community.

At the end of the session, community members were able to identify good and bad behaviors. It was evident that most of them had been practicing bad hygiene and sanitation practices out of ignorance.

b)     Investigating community practices

In investigating community practices, the facilitator found it necessary to investigate the proportion of participants who used pit latrines for feacal defecation. The facilitator engaged the participants in an activity with the aim of collecting and analyzing information on individual sanitation practices. The pocket chart tool was used during this exercise. The facilitator explained the posters that would be used on the pocket. The posters showed open defecation and use of latrines, a man and a woman. Leaves from different trees were used as voting materials for to distinguish men and women. The result from the pocket chart showed that four out of the 22 community members who took part in the voting exercise still practiced open defecation.

After confirming from the pocket chart that the community still practiced open defecation, BWP facilitator sought to find out from them the disadvantages of this habit. They are stated below:-

  1. Contamination of water sources.
  2. Contamination of food by Flies that come from the feaces.
  3. Spread of diarrheal diseases.
  4. Pollution of the environment through bad smell.

BWP facilitator urged the community members to make use of latrines so as to curb the spread of diarrheal diseases. Some community members expressed the need to be assisted with slabs so that they could improve the conditions of their pit latrines.

c)      Disease transmission routes

Water and environmental sanitation play an essential role in the spread of many diarrheal diseases. These diseases are spread through person to person or fecal matter contact. Due to this fact, BWP used the ‘F’ – Diagram as a learning tool for the community members to know how those diseases are spread. The F-diagram shows the different routes that fecal matter use to get to the human body.

The ‘F’s represent Fingers, Feces, Fluids, Flies and Fields. The posters used reflected all the five ‘F’s and so the community members were required to show the route that feces use to get to the human body by use of arrows. After having a general discussion, the community members were able to come up with all the routes. They all learnt that diarrheal could easily spread if good hygiene is not put into practice.

Step 3. Identification of solution

Identification of solutions helps to identify all the possible barriers that can prevent the disease transmission routes. BWP introduced the Blocking posters to the Community members so that they would use them to block the disease transmission routes on the F- diagram. The tool used for this exercise was the blocking posters. The posters represented Latrine use, Water treatment, Food covering and Hand washing. The community members went back to the F-diagram to block all the routes. Every route that showed a bad hygiene practice was covered by a good hygiene blocking posters.

Since Hand washing was one of the essential practices on the Blocking posters, the community members made demonstration of proper Hand washing through the guidance of the BWP facilitator. This exercise was important since most disease causing agents get to our bodies through our hands.

During the blocking posters exercise, the community members also discussed water treatment. They came up with the diseases that came about as a result of consuming contaminated water. The diseases mentioned were typhoid, cholera, dysentery and diarrhea in children.  This exercise was essential since cases of diarrhea and typhoid are very common in the community as found out during the baseline survey. The community members also discussed different methods of water treatment which included boiling, filtration, chlorination and the use of the life straw gadget. BWP facilitator helped them understand that treated water could only remain safe it is stored well in clean containers.


After community education, BWP embarked on its second activity towards rehabilitation of Eshikulu community borehole which included pad construction. The masonry team from BWP fitted the slab with foundation bolts in preparation for affridev pump installation. The bolts were reinforced with cement. The pad was left to cure for four days. The masonry’s did the final finishing with cement to ensure the borehole was adequately protected. This was done with keenness to avoid contamination of the well.  Community members were involved in the entire process to assist where necessary and also to equip them with relevant skills on how to maintain the borehole. The pad was then left to cure awaiting pump installation.


The third activity towards rehabilitation of Eshikulu community borehole was pump installation. The reservoir water level of the well was 6 meters. The well was installed with a new affridev pump at 24 metres. Four UPVC pipes each measuring 3 meters were used during the installation. Four stainless steel rods each measuring 3 meters were also used. It was important to use stainless steel rods so as to prevent contamination through rust. After installation, the pump was tested to ensure it was functioning properly. The entire process of pump installation was done with participation of community members in order to capacity build them. No challenges were noted during the pump installation process.


Handing over of the borehole was the final activity in implementing rehabilitation of Eshikulu community borehole. The handing over exercise created an important forum for BWP community to transfer ownership and sustainability of the borehole back to the community. BWP equipped community members with ownership and sustainability skills, key among the included participation by all target beneficiaries and general maintenance of the well. The chairman of the project stated that their next step of action was to fence the well area so as to prevent animals from getting to the well pad and causing contamination. The women were also encouraged to keep the well area clean and avoid washing their clothes at the well as it would lead to contamination. In their speech, one of the community women and chairman thanked BWP and THE WATER PROJECT for ensuring that Eshikhulu community had access to clean and quality water.

We just posted a new set of pictures including the finished well.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4258-34-eshikulu-members-congratulating-bwp-for-intalling-the-pump-to-their-well

10/06/2014: Eshikulu Community Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to repair a broken well is underway in Eshikulu, Kenya. The broken well, originally built in 1988, will be restored so that it is a dependable source of safe, clean water. In addition, the community will be trained in proper sanitation and hygiene. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease. We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work progresses.  

Take a look, and Thank You for your help.

The Water Project : kenya4258-11-eshikulu-community-members-2

Project Photos

Project Type

Well rehabilitation is one of the most cost effective ways to bring clean, safe water to a community.  Sometimes it involves fixing a broken hand pump, other times it means sealing a hand dug well to prevent it from being contaminated.  These repairs, and often time total replacements, coupled with sanitation and hygiene training make a huge impact in communities.


Project Sponsor - Yakima Foursquare Church