Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/29/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

Due to recent population growth, there are too many people who rely on the well at Lungi Benke SL Church School that we rehabilitated in 2012. Some people are walking more than a mile to reach this well each day. This community has been suffering the hardship of adequate water supply for the past few years. The construction of a borehole will bring water closer to 350 people and alleviate the pressure on the school well.

"My family's need for water is great. Twice during the day, I struggle to get water in my home and that is in the morning and in the afternoon when I am preparing food. Having young grandchildren and not enough water at the home is very disheartening," said Isatu Bangura.

Since she cannot go get water herself, Ms. Bangura pays for a motorcycle rider to deliver water each day. The money spent on the water is a burden on her family. Other households have to pay for water and there is no guarantee that it is fetched from the school well. In fact, some people told us that water delivery people will go to a community stream to get water which then exposes people to waterborne diseases due to the fact that the water is open to contaminants.

"I will be the happiest person when this problem is lifted off our shoulders," she said.

Community members are also limited in their access to the school well. They are unable to access it during school hours so that the students are not disturbed by people on the school grounds and so that they do not have to wait to get water when they need it to prevent missing class time.

During our visit to the community, we met a pair of enterprising boys pushing a wheelbarrow loaded up with 10 containers of water. They said that they were out delivering water to community members. We learned that the two spend their lunch break delivering water to people who are unable to or do not want to wake up at 4:00 AM to get water each morning.

What we can do:

New Well

We will be drilling this well at 139 Kingsway Quarters. This project will relieve the people here of the their water challenges

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

This community has been pushed to open, contaminated well for their water. By drilling this borehole, Tholmossor Community will be provided with plenty of accessible clean drinking water.


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a handsfree handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep latrines clean, among many other topics.

These trainings will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

May, 2020: Lungi, Kingsway, 139 Kingsway Quarter Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable borehole well at 139 Kingsway Quarter in Sierra Leone. The students and community members no longer have to rely on unsafe water to meet their daily needs. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

New Well

The drilling of this new borehole was a success, and clean water is flowing!

"The Kingsway Quarters community has been a deprived community when it came to accessibility to a clean and affordable water source," said Osman Sesay, a local businessperson.

"Now that this well is in my community, I can sleep through the night and not worry about a thing."

Section Chief Pa Almammy Smart Kamara makes a statement.

Social distancing has created a new social norm. The dedication was attended by the water user committee, community members, and the newly coronated Section Chief. The most notable thing that happened during the dedication ceremony is the handwashing station that we installed at the entrance of the pump. The surfaces around and inside the well pad are susceptible to COVID-19 due to high rates of exposure and touching, so the handwashing station was added to ensure that everyone using the well remains healthy.

The local Imam was called to pray for the people and the successful completion of the project. Fighting the Coronavirus goes hand in hand with having clean water at all times. The practice of handwashing could be appropriately done only when there is clean water, he said.

Community members pray in memory of Miralem Bektesevic.

"As everyone in Sierra Leone is aware, most water is fetched by children. The girls do the fetching of water and other domestic chores," added 12-year-old Isha.

"The well is located less than 100 meters away from my home, and I can rightly say there is nobody in the community that is happier than me. I am very thankful and appreciative of this gift. Thank you very much."

A community member looks at a picture of Miralem.

The Process

Our teams arrived a day before beginning drilling. They set up their equipment and settled into lodging provided by a local family.

The next day, 2 pits were dug next to the drill rig, 1 for the drill's water supply, and another for what was pulled back up out of the borehole. Since the community already struggles with finding enough water, we ordered a private supplier to deliver the water we needed for drilling.

Day 1 of drilling started with filling the 2 pits with water mixed with bentonite. A 4-inch carbide-tipped bit was fixed to the 5-foot-long drill stem. The mud pump was started to supply water to the drill rig, and the drilling began. During drilling, after every 5-foot length of drill stem put into the hole, the team would take material samples. The bags were labeled 1, 2, 3, and so on. These were to be reviewed later to determine the aquifer locations.

The second day of drilling was meant to expand the hole and clear it of mud. The team reached a total depth of 28 meters.

The team forcefully pumped clean water into the well to clear out any mud and debris from drilling. After, the filter pack was added so that the screened pipe would be protected. The temporary drilling casing was hoisted out so that we could fortify the pipes with cement.

The well was bailed by hand for 3 days before doing a yield test to verify the water quantity at a static water level of 14 meters.

With these great results, a stainless steel India MkII pump was installed. Water quality tests show that this is clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we made repeated phone calls and visits to the local water user committee to better understand the challenges and lack of sanitation facilities in the community. We brought the findings from our baseline survey to the attention of the committee to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training or drilling could commence. When all of the necessary guidelines were met, only then did our team of hygiene trainers go to conduct the training.

The best place to hold a hygiene training is usually under some large tree due to the intense sun and heat in Sierra Leone. One thing this community is not lacking is plantations of different fruits and vegetables, so in this case, the best place was under a large mango tree. More than 62 people attended 3 days of training.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps; good and bad hygiene; disease transmission and prevention; worms and parasites; proper care of teeth; proper care of the pump; keeping the water clean; the cost recovery system; dishracks and clotheslines; the importance of toilets; keeping the latrine clean; balanced diets; the diarrhea doll; and HIV and AIDS.

"With an open mind, anyone is capable of learning something new every single day. I never knew that there are 5 methods involved in handwashing," said Aminata Kanu, a 22-year-old teacher in the community.

"I have learned to construct the most affordable, accessible, mobile, and easy to construct tippy taps used widely all over the world as a defense in the fight for a disease-free environment."

Thank you for making all of this possible!

April, 2020: Lungi, Kingsway, 139 Kingsway Quarter project underway!

A severe clean water shortage at 139 Kingsway Quarter in Lungi, Sierra Leone drains community members' time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Videos

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

“The Kingsway Quarters community has been a deprived community when it came to accessibility to a clean and affordable water source. Now that this well is in my community, I can sleep through the night and not worry about a thing.” - Osman Sesay, a local businessperson.

Over A Year Later: Better Treatment, Hygiene, and Academic Performance!

January, 2022

Over a year ago, your generous donation helped Kingsway Community in Sierra Leone access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Bockarie. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kingsway Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kingsway Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Before Kingsway's well was built, its people were at the mercy of locals wealthy enough to have dug their own wells, as 14-year-old Bockarie explained. "We were suffering in the hands of private pump owners. We were been treated as outcasts. They would turn us into errand boys/girls before they would finally give us water."

But since May 2020, the narrative has changed significantly by installing a new borehole well in the center of town.

"First of all, this water point is the most clean, pure, fresh, and sustainable water source in this community," Bockarie said. "Presently, getting water from this well is the easiest job my mother can give to me compared to the private pumps we had been suffering to get water from. I prefer getting water [to] doing any domestic job because the pump is smooth when pumping water. The construction of this water point has freed us from those heartless private pump owners."

And more has changed than just Bockarie's outlook on chores. "As a student, the availability of this water has helped me to attend school on time. Also, the sufficiency of this water has helped to keep the hygiene and sanitational aspects of my home and community updated."

Bockarie told us that he used to feel "untidy" going to school with an unwashed uniform. But now that the water crisis in his community has been solved, this is no longer a problem for him. And he and his peers no longer have to endure indignities at the hands of others just to acquire a container of water.

"Finally, private pump owners don't use us as they like anymore," Bockarie concluded. "We are free from slavery, thanks to God."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kingsway Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kingsway Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.