Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 383 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/27/2023

Project Features

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Borope was once a sleepy village, but today it is the main center of the Kamasondo Chiefdom. The once-dark village with no battery-operated lights is now a village filled with loud music and generators. The area was initially transformed by the boom of the mining sector. Previously vegetated, the community has had all of its large trees chopped down in the name of development. The mango trees are the only ones remaining to provide fruit and some shade to the community. The benefits of mining here were short-lived, however, and all the employment and development came to an abrupt end when the industry gave out.

Today, the most common way of making a living here is petty trading, gardening, farming, and raising livestock. The open market held on Thursdays, called a Luma, has helped a lot of people sell their produce and food items without having to travel great distances. The market has increased the number of people in the village thus increasing the need for water.

Despite these gains, the people living near Raka Road do not have a nearby source of water. They must travel across the busy Port Loko Highway to get water each day. The children who are sent to get the water are faced with the dangers of crossing the main highway with heavy containers on their heads. They sometimes have to wait for quite a long time to find a break between the speeding vehicles, causing undue stress for the young and old alike.

"I worry about the constant crossing along the busy road of small children to fetch water at the only available water point. The limited access to clean and safe water not only increases the chances of disease transmission but also increases the risk of children being hit by a motor car or being bitten by a snake while going to the stream or swamp. Most people have resorted to bathing and doing laundry at the stream to decrease the wasting of badly needed water from the water well," said the village Headman Dauda Sesay.

The main well is also located near the market which makes it convenient and prone to over-crowding. People complain of waiting a long time to fetch water on market days.

A new well in the community is going to provide water for all the people that live across the highway. The proposed borehole is going to ensure that the people are going to have clean and safe water all year round.

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

This community has been pushed to open contaminated well for their water. By drilling this borehole, Tholmossor Community will be provided with plenty of accessible clean drinking water.

The current state of hygiene and sanitation is very poor in the community. Half the homes are without latrines and the community is a step away from a major disease outbreak, reported our team. To address this problem, there will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a hands-free handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep restrooms clean, among many other topics.

This training will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

December, 2021: Raka Road New Well Complete!

We are excited to share a safe, reliable water point at Raka Road in Borope Village, Sierra Leone is now providing clean water to community members! We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

17-year-old Aminata K. explained why having this new well means so much to her and to the community. "At a time, a vehicle near hit my younger sister on our way to fetch water from the water source over the Port Loko highway. Today, we thank the almighty God for having this water source at our doorstep. We are out of [the] risk to go across the Port Loko highway to fetch water."

Aminata is the second from the right in this picture of ladies celebrating the new water point.

"Before, it was very challenging for us to clean the church environment and to have enough water to practice frequent hand washing," Aminata continued. "Even to launder, bathe, or clean our household latrine and bath shelter was difficult, because of the distance we cover to fetch water, and sometimes the water source is always overcrowded."

"Water is very paramount to me as a food vendor," said Menunatu Kargbo, 39. "Before, we had to fetch water from the water source across the Lungi highway. But now it is easy to fetch water with no fear or time-wasting because the newly constructed borehole is located closer. As a result, this will help me to prepare food on time to sell and my customers will have enough water to drink."

Memunatu is on the left in the black shirt.

We officially handed over the well to the community in a dedication ceremony with quite a bit of singing, dancing, and celebration from the community members. The ceremony was attended by several local dignitaries who gave speeches of thanks and prayers to God. Most of those celebrating were women and children, who are the ones mostly involved in fetching water for their households.

Clean Water Restored

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all of their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings, along with meals for the duration of their stay. The following day, the work began.

First, we raised the tripod, the structure we use to hold and maneuver each of the drilling tools. Next, we measured the well's original depth. We then socketed the pipes and installed a casing.

Finally, we lined up the drill rods and started to drill!

We reached a final depth of 28 meters with water at 10 meters. The hand-drill method allowed the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has great water access throughout the year.

With drilling complete, we installed screening and a filter pack to keep out debris when the water is pumped. We then cemented an iron rod to the well lining and fixed it with an iron collar at the top. Next, we bailed the well by hand for three days and flushed it, clearing any debris generated by the drilling process. Finally, we tested the yield to ensure the well would provide clean water with minimal effort at the pump.

Yield test.

As the project neared completion, we built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system around the well to seal it off from surface-level contaminants. The drainage system helps to redirect runoff and spilled water to help avoid standing water at the well, which can not only be uncomfortable but unhygienic and a breeding ground for disease-carrying mosquitoes.

At last, we installed the stainless steel India Mk11 pump and conducted a water quality test. The test results showed that this is clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we made repeated phone calls and visits to the local water user committee to better understand the community’s challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a multi-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting. Thankfully, every single member of the Deeper Life Church, where the pump was installed, attended the training, which is very impressive and shows this community's commitment to bettering their lives.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, disease transmission and prevention, worms and parasites, dental hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and HIV and AIDS.

The most impactful topic for this community was disease transmission. One of the posters used shows a boy defecating outside, and when one of the boys in attendance said that's what he does, his mother tried to shush him. However, our friend Aminata (the first one quoted in this story) stood up and said the boy was speaking the truth, and everyone present at the training needed to admit their faults to learn better ways going forward. For this, Aminata received applause from the others in attendance.

Participants looking over the disease transmission posters after the training concluded.

"Before this training, I have not been practicing any hygiene and sanitation steps to stop the spread of COVID-19," Aminata said. "I [didn't] even believe the fact that the virus could kill black people. The community only has one handwashing station that is located at the trade fair market, and people refuse to wash their hands."

"I am happy for this training," Aminata continued. "The most helpful part for me during the training is the better understanding of the virus that I received and how to prevent myself from contacting the virus."

"This is a big opportunity for me to have the know-how on how to protect myself from eating contaminated food and water, also on how to keep my environment clean and safe," said Hassan Bundu, 45, the new pump's caretaker. "With this training, I have known the value of water, because proper hygiene goes with water. This training has impacted me to wash my hands with soap and water after using the toilet and to take good care of the pump."

Thank you for making all of this possible!

November, 2021: Borope Village, Raka Road New Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Borope drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: Water-related illnesses reduced!

February, 2023

A year ago, your generous donation helped Borope Community in Sierra Leone access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Memunatu. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Borope Community 2.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Borope Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Before a well was implemented in Borope last year, people had to leave their community to search for water or rely on the dirty water from the local swamp.

"Before this time, we, the students of this community, have gone through a lot of constraints because of the unavailability of water facilities. We normally got up early in the morning hours to go all the way to the swamp, which was about 500m off the community. As a result [of] this, we had to go to school late," said 15-year-old Memunatu S.

But now, with a waterpoint located within easy reach that offers safe water, things are different for Memunatu and other members of her community.

"Now we are happy because this well has helped [us], the students of this community, a lot because we now go to school on time, [and have] less sickness related to waterborne diseases like cholera and diarrhea," said Memunatu.

"We can go to school on time, and the risk of having waterborne diseases that [were] affecting us [have] been reduced drastically," concluded Memunatu.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Borope Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Borope Community 2 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Lexis Nexis employee match
Solomons Porch Sunday School Class
The Sevan Charitable Foundation
Facebook Donations
Liberty Mutual employee match
RASHMI's Campaign for Water
Samantha's Campaign for Water

And 1 other fundraising page(s)
17 individual donor(s)