Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 152 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 11/19/2022

Project Features

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The one well in Lower Kamayea dries out from March to April every year, leaving the 193 people who live there scrambling for water.

"I also have limited water to drink, cook, and bathe," said 50-year-old food trader Ramatulia Mansaray (in the photo below). "Nearly every day that happens during the dry season when the water source gets dried."

But even when the well does have water, community members still experience water issues. People spend hours waiting for their turn to draw water at the well, which is not only inconvenient, but also prevents people from doing everyday tasks like studying, farming, fishing, and more.

"My children and I will go in search of water every day," Ramatulia continued. "During that time, I will not be able to attend to customers. It also affects the education of my children, making them go late to school and [have] limited time to study."

"The water gets dry easily during the dry season and this creates constraints for us," said 17-year-old Hassan K (in the above photo). "We are left with no option, except we have to manage the little water we fetch. The source of the water is not even good for drinking. This water affects our health, leading to a lot of diseases, such as typhoid and diarrhea."

As Hassan said, another constant concern is water-related illness. The last time Lower Kamayea's well was chlorinated was three years ago. The community members say that water has a slippery consistency and is cloudy in color. Everyone suffers from diseases like typhoid, cholera, and dysentery, but the ones who suffer most are children under five, whose immune systems are not yet strong enough to bear drinking the contaminated water every day.

A protected, reliable source of water will improve these people's health and give them time in which to accomplish their goals.

What we can do:

New Well

Where we will be drilling is centrally located and will relieve many people of the long journey to fetch water and the challenge of accessing clean water.

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

By drilling this borehole, Kamayea and the surrounding community will be provided with plenty of accessible, clean drinking water.


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a hands-free handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep restrooms clean, among many other topics.

This training will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

06/27/2022: Lower Kamayea Community New Borehole Complete!

We are excited to share that there is now a safe, reliable borehole well at Lower Kamayea Community. As a result, the students and community members no longer rely on unsafe water to meet their daily needs. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

"Today, I am happy for this new borehole water well in my community," said 14-year-old Peter K.

Peter collects water at the new well.

"Previously, I used to face a lot of water constraints and this made it very difficult for me to launder my uniform and clean the house. But with the new well, all the constraints I used [to experience] to drink, cook, and to perform other domestic tasks are over."

Peter, front left, splashes water with other community members.

"The new borehole water well is very close to my house. I will just take [a] few steps to access the well. This is good because I no longer walk a far distance to access water. The distance to the well makes it easier for me to fetch enough water for my house."

With reliable water so close, Peter can dream about how life will be easier.

"I will be able to do all my work at home on time," he concluded. "The new borehole water well will save time for me. The water will reduce [the] burden on me of fetching water every day."

"The new borehole water well has greatly helped me to fetch water quickly and do all my domestic work," said 35-year-old trader, Ramatu Kamara.

Ramatu uses the new pump.

"I can now launder my clothes, cook, and bathe with ease because of the availability of water," Ramatu continued. "Before I used to fetch water from the swamp and the water is highly contaminated but [I] had no choice but [to] manage it. It really affected my health in the past time, but with this new well, all my constraints are over."

"The main source I used to fetch water [from] is a protected dug well and it usually broke down and got dry during March. This has greatly affected us, especially during the month of Ramadan. I found it hard to perform ablutions. The new borehole water well is really a blessing to me because this Ramadan it will not be a burden on me to fetch water."

Ramatu, in the black and white striped shirt, smiles as elders splash water.

Now, Ramatu is brainstorming about all the ways the well will make life easier.

"I will be able to do all my work at home on time due to [the] availability of water in my village," she said. "[Water] will make me really observe my five daily prayers and prepare food on time for my family. The new well will enable me to pay more attention [to] my trade. [I have] gratitude for the donors for providing safe drinking water for the community and my advice to the community people [is] to take great care of the new borehole water well."

Abu Bakarr Bangura, District Councilor, and Osman Fofanah, Mapping Officer with the Ministry of Water Resources.

We held a dedication ceremony to officially hand over the well to the community members. Several local dignitaries attended the ceremony, including representatives from the Port Loko District Council and the Ministry of Water Resources. Each official gave a short speech thanking everyone who contributed to this water project and reminding the staff and students to take good care of it. Then, Ramatu and Peter made statements on their community's behalf. The ceremony concluded with celebration, singing, and dancing.


New Well

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings and meals for the duration of their stay. The following day, work began.

Our team dug two pits next to the drill rig, one for the drill’s water supply and another for what the drill pulls out of the borehole. In some cases, we order a private supplier to deliver the water for drilling since water access is already challenging.

Day one of drilling began as the team mixed water with bentonite, an absorbent clay, in the two dug pits. Next, the team fixed a four-inch carbide-tipped bit to the five-foot-long drill stem. They started the mud pump to supply water to the drill rig so that drilling could begin!

After putting each five-foot length of drill stem into the hole, the team took material samples. We labeled the bags to review them later and determine the aquifer locations.

On the second day of drilling, the team expanded the hole and cleared it of mud. After reaching a total depth of 31 meters, the team forcefully pumped clean water into the well to remove any dirt and debris from the drilling process. We then protected the screened pipe by adding a filter pack. The team hoisted the temporary drilling casing to fortify the pipes with cement.

Next, we bailed the well by hand for three days before conducting a yield test to verify the water quantity. This well has a static water level of 13 meters. With these excellent results, we installed a stainless steel pump. Water quality test results showed that this was clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we called and visited the local water user committee to understand the community’s challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a three-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, disease transmission and prevention, COVID-19, worms and parasites, proper dental hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, the importance of using dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and HIV and AIDS.

Constructing a simple handwashing station.

Ramatulia Mansaray, a 50-year-old trader who we spoke to when we first visited Lower Kamayea, shared with us what she took away from the training.

"This training was valuable to me because our local community [is] too poor and this practice is far beyond them," Ramatulia said. "But I hope it will change the feelings of my people. Like the defecating behind the house, most of the women send their children to defecate behind the house. After this training, I believe this brings impact to the women of this community."

Open defecation - when people defecate outside of a toilet or latrine - was one of the most-discussed topics during our training. It spurred a lot of discussion and questions, with community members accusing each other of the practice and of allowing their children to do it. But at the end of the training, everyone understood why the practice helps to spread illness. Since there was a representative from each household at the training, everyone within the community should hold each other accountable.

Another interesting topic was nutrition and a balanced diet. Some of the community members believed that meat would infect their children with worms or parasites, while others said such food as mangoes encouraged witchcraft. Others argued that most of the food in a household should go to the man of the house and children should only get the leftovers. But one man, Kemokoh Kamara argued that it is good to nourish our children by giving them nutritious food that will make them grow strong and healthy.

"To me as a trader, I learned a lot from this teaching," Ramatulia said. "I will ask others to practice if not all but some of the new knowledge. I have been telling them about environmental hygiene on how to keep our place clean and how important [it is] to our health."


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our partners, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, community members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program. We have an ongoing commitment to walk with each community, cooperatively problem-solving when they face challenges of any kind: with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. With all these components together, we strive to ensure enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

04/07/2022: Lower Kamayea Community Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Kamayea drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


1 individual donor(s)