Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2023

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/28/2023

Project Features

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Community Profile

The only source of water for the 200 people of Korobana is a hand-dug hole in the swamp filled with dirt, debris, and decaying leaves. Given the quality of the water, it's difficult to see how such a water source would be in high demand, but in an area plagued by water scarcity, they have had to make do with the brown, milky water for as long as the community has stood where it is.

Because of the water, cases of cholera, typhoid, and chronic diarrhea are widespread. But with no other source and never enough time to treat the water properly, the community members have grown used to being ill. What they cannot get used to is the disruption to their lives and their sources of income.

Every day, 38-year-old Ramatu Sesay (in the photo below) hitches a ride with a local boda-boda (motorcycle) to nearby Lokomasama, where she trades items that she has purchased. But when lines form at the water source, she can never make it to the market in time to meet customers before they head to work.

"The water situation in this community is really affecting my trade," Ramatu explained. "This has made the sale of my product decline. The reason being, I spend a lot of time to fetch water from the well. By the time I return home, I would find it very difficult to go to the market at Lokomasama Junction to sell. Most of the bikes would have gone with the other traders in the morning. I must wait for [a] long time just to get [a] bike. Eventually, after getting the bike, I would not be able to make many sales. Most of my customers would have [bought] elsewhere."

For 13-year-old Hassan, fetching water from the dug hole in the swamp is dangerous given his small stature.

"To get water from the swamp is a big problem because it is hard to fetch water there," Hassan said. "I must use [a] stick, hang the rubber (bucket), then dip [it] in [the] water. Sometimes, I must beg people to fetch water for me. Every year the community people add depth [to the] well, and this makes it hard for me to get water."

With a new well in Korobana, life will become more healthy and productive for the people living there.

What We Can Do:

New Well

Where we will be drilling is centrally located and will relieve many people of the long journey to fetch water and the challenge of accessing clean water.

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

By drilling this borehole, Korobana and the surrounding community will be provided with plenty of accessible, clean drinking water.


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a hands-free handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep restrooms clean, among many other topics.

This training will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

January, 2023: Korobana Community Well Complete!

We are excited to share that there is now a safe, reliable borehole well at Korobana Community. As a result, community members no longer rely on unsafe water to meet their daily needs. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

"I want to thank you for drilling a water well in this community. As a trader and also housewife, I have been going through a lot when it comes to water challenges," said 40-year-old chairperson of the water user committee Ramatu Conteh.

Ramatu pours clean water.

She continued: "I will now be able to prepare food for my family on time and clean the environment and the sanitation facilities every morning because there is sufficient water in the community. Also, I will be able to go to the market on time, and I will no longer lose my customers. There will be sufficient, safe, and pure water in the community that will no longer disturb me and my family."

"I used to be late to go to school because there was no water facility that [was] closer to my house and the community as a whole. I used to go to the stream to fetch water. That is the reason I normally missed some lessons and, as [a] result, [it] affected my academic performance. Laundering my school uniform was a challenge in the past [too], " said 14-year-old Adamsay B.

Adamsay collects water with a smile.

"I thank you for the well you constructed because it will impact my life by overcoming the problems I stated above. I will be able to go to school on time, [and] launder my uniform when I [get] off from school. I will no longer walk a long distance to fetch water. There is pure and safe drinking water in the community," Adamsay said.

We held a dedication ceremony to officially hand over the well to the community members. Several local dignitaries attended the ceremony, including representatives from the Port Loko District Council and the Ward 244 Local Council. Each official gave a short speech thanking everyone who contributed to this water project and reminding everyone to take good care of it. Then, Ramatu and Adamsay made statements on their community's behalf. The ceremony concluded with celebration, singing, and dancing.


New Well

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings and meals for the duration of their stay. The following day, work began.

Our team dug two pits next to the drill rig, one for the drill’s water supply and another for what the drill pulls out of the borehole. In some cases, we order a private supplier to deliver the water for drilling since water access is already challenging.

Day one of drilling began as the team mixed water with bentonite, an absorbent clay, in the two dug pits. Next, the team fixed a four-inch carbide-tipped bit to the five-foot-long drill stem. They started the mud pump to supply water to the drill rig so that drilling could begin!

After putting each five-foot length of drill stem into the hole, the team took material samples. We labeled the bags to review them later and determine the aquifer locations.

On the second day of drilling, the team expanded the hole and cleared it of mud. After reaching a total depth of 18 meters, the team forcefully pumped clean water into the well to remove any dirt and debris from the drilling process. We then protected the screened pipe by adding a filter pack. The team hoisted the temporary drilling casing to fortify the pipes with cement.

Next, we bailed the well by hand for three days before conducting a yield test to verify the water quantity. This well has a static water level of seven meters. With these excellent results, we installed a stainless steel pump. Water quality test results showed that this was clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we called and visited the local water user committee to understand the community’s challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a three-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, disease transmission and prevention, COVID-19, worms and parasites, proper dental hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, the importance of using dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and HIV and AIDS.

The most memorable topic covered during the training was the importance of practicing proper dental hygiene. The facilitator showed a photo of unclean teeth versus clean teeth and asked the participants to spot the differences. The facilitators told the participants unclean teeth are because proper care is not taken to clean them, especially after eating tobacco leaves, smoking cigarettes, or chewing kola nuts.

The community chief participated in the three days of hygiene and sanitation training. Unfortunately, the chief's teeth looked similar to the unclean teeth discussed. When he realized this, he became angry and immediately stopped participating in the training. The facilitator noticed and went to the chief to ease the tension reassuring him that young people also encounter the same problems with their teeth. The chief was relieved, and the facilitator ended the time by encouraging the whole group to practice proper dental hygiene to avoid tooth decay.

Group learning.

"This training has taught me the importance of washing hands and how it prevents me from contracting diseases. I will use this opportunity to teach my family members who are not here the importance of handwashing, cleaning the environment, building of latrines, bathing shelters, and constructing dish racks. My community lacks all these facilities, but with the knowledge I have gained from this training, I will help to encourage my community people to construct all the things I listed above," said Ramatu, who was quoted earlier.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, community members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

December, 2022: Korobana Community New Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Korobana Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute!


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