Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 186 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2023

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/09/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

Most of Malokoh's 217 community members must travel a long distance each day to collect questionable water from the local swamp since there is not a dependable water source to meet their needs. There are two wells in the community, but one is privately owned, so access is limited, and the other is in need of rehabilitation.

"Although there is a local well in Malokoh, it is privately owned and often unavailable, so the water most relied on by community members is local swamp water," said Marian, shown below collecting water at the swamp. "The swamp water is not always clean and good for drinking, but I must fetch and heat it before drinking. I know that it is a risk to drink the swamp water, but that is the most available water where I can fetch water at any time."

Fifteen-year-old Mariatu, who has the responsibility to collect for her family every day after school, feels similarly. "It is hard for me to fetch water [in] the time that I need it. There is no water well that I can fetch water [from] regularly for drinking," Mariatu (shown below) said.

The water from the swamp is open to all sorts of contamination and is shared with animals and local farmers cultivating crops nearby. Not only is the water at the swamp contaminated and dangerous to consume, but the area around the swamp is grassy and the perfect breeding ground for dangerous animals, like poisonous snakes.

The more the swamp is accessed, the dirtier the water becomes, forcing people to search for water from other sources in surrounding communities which are even further away and waste valuable time and energy.

"Going to the swamp frequently to fetch water is a risk because of the visit of snakes in the swamp. I always must be careful. Otherwise, snakes would bite me," shared Marian.

By rehabilitating the well in this community, hopefully, the time community members spend searching for and collecting water can be used for other valuable things instead.

What We Can Do:

New Well

Where we will be drilling is centrally located and will relieve many people of the long journey to fetch water and the challenge of accessing clean water.

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

By drilling this borehole, Malokoh and the surrounding community will be provided with plenty of accessible, clean drinking water.


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a hands-free handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep restrooms clean, among many other topics.

This training will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

March, 2023: Malokoh Community Well Complete!

We are excited to share that there is now a safe, reliable borehole well at Malokoh Community. As a result, community members no longer rely on unsafe water to meet their daily needs. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

"The new water point will prevent me from water-related illnesses I used to experience, such as diarrhea and typhoid," said 15-year-old Mamusu M. "In addition, the new water point will help me to launder my school uniforms on time. Now that we have a new well, I will easily fetch water after school to launder my uniforms earlier."

"This water point has turned things around for me. Honestly, I was thinking of relocating to another community because of the previous water constraints in this community. Now that this new well is in this community, I will no longer find it difficult to fetch water. I will be able to fetch water with ease since the water point is closer to my house. There will be enough water to cook, bathe, launder, and to drink," said 35-year-old teacher Marian Mansaray.

Marian continued, "The new water point will prevent me from water-related illnesses I used to experience. A couple of months ago I went to the hospital to examine my health. Based on the laboratory results, it shows that I was suffering from typhoid fever. I was not surprised by this because the water we used to drink from the swamp was highly contaminated. Today, all these things will now become history."

We held a dedication ceremony to officially hand over the well to the community members. Several local dignitaries attended the ceremony, including representatives from the Ministry of Water Resources, the Port Loko District Council, and the Ward Councilor. Each official gave a short speech thanking everyone who contributed to this water project and reminding everyone to take good care of it. Then, Marian made statements on her community's behalf. The ceremony concluded with celebration, singing, and dancing.

New Well

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings and meals for the duration of their stay. The following day, work began.

Our team dug two pits next to the drill rig, one for the drill’s water supply and another for what the drill pulls out of the borehole. In some cases, we order a private supplier to deliver the water for drilling since water access is already challenging.

Day one of drilling began as the team mixed water with bentonite, an absorbent clay, in the two dug pits. Next, the team fixed a four-inch carbide-tipped bit to the five-foot-long drill stem. They started the mud pump to supply water to the drill rig so that drilling could begin!

After putting each five-foot length of drill stem into the hole, the team took material samples. We labeled the bags to review them later and determine the aquifer locations.

On the second day of drilling, the team expanded the hole and cleared it of mud. After reaching a total depth of 21 meters, the team forcefully pumped clean water into the well to remove any dirt and debris from the drilling process. We then protected the screened pipe by adding a filter pack. The team hoisted the temporary drilling casing to fortify the pipes with cement.

Yield test.

Next, we bailed the well by hand for three days before conducting a yield test to verify the water quantity. With these excellent results, we installed a stainless steel pump. Water quality test results showed that this was clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we called and visited the local water user committee to understand the community’s challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

We also invited a nurse from the local clinic to help explain some topics and spread awareness about Sierra Leone's free vaccinations for children under five. She was instrumental in reinforcing each lesson.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a three-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, disease transmission and prevention, COVID-19, worms and parasites, proper dental hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, the importance of using dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and HIV and AIDS.

Using a tippy tap.

"I believe if I put into practice the things I have learned, I will not get sick. This new knowledge has given me an impact to stop the bad hygiene practices that I have been practicing before. I am so happy to know the techniques of proper hand washing. I will definitely pass on this knowledge to my children so that all of us will practice proper hand washing. This will help us to be on the safer side from the transmission of diseases such as typhoid, cholera, and diarrhea," said Marian (quoted earlier).


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, community members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

February, 2023: Malokoh Community Borehole Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Malokoh Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

Rugiatu Has Time for School!

May, 2024

A year ago, your generous donation helped the Malokoh Community in Sierra Leone access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Rugiatu. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Malokoh Community 3.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Malokoh Community 3 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Last year, your gift unlocked the potential for a brighter future for Rugiatu. Since then, she and the Malokoh Community of 217 residents have had clean, reliable water. Your contribution has made a significant impact. Thank you for making a difference!

"Fetching water has become easy since the completion of this well," shared 17-year-old Rugiatu.

Before the Well Installation
Like many children in Sierra Leone, Rugiatu is responsible for collecting water to meet her and her family’s daily water needs. Before the well installation last year, that task stole her time and ability to gain a good education.

The tiring and time-consuming journey to collect water sapped her physical and emotional energy, creating roadblocks and sometimes preventing her from attending school at all.

"As a school-going pupil, I faced a lot of constraints to get water before the completion of this well. I [would] always go to the swamp to fetch water, and that [would] normally make me late to school," said Rugiatu.

The water source Rugiatu and her community once relied upon.

Since the Well Installation

Your generous gift last year was much more than a simple donation; it was a powerful statement about your commitment to this community and Rugiatu’s future. By supporting the water solution, you made clean water an everyday reality for her, fostering hope for a brighter future.

"Fetching water has become easy since the completion of this well. I no longer go to the swamp to fetch water, and it has impacted my life by providing sufficient, safe, and pure drinking water for me," said Rugiatu.

"With the help of this new well, I'm now able to go to school on time and I have been able to improve in my academic activities," she continued.

Reliable and clean water lays the groundwork for improved health, education, and economic possibilities, allowing people like Rugiatu to thrive. We frequently hear from those we interview that "water is life!"

Rugiatu's Future is Looking Bright!
A year ago, you made a difference for her and the rest of her community. This is just the first chapter of their story as access to clean water continues to improve their lives!

At The Water Project, we value sustainability and want to ensure that people continue to thrive. We commit to monitoring this project to ensure the water is always flowing and safe to consume. We inspect the system hardware, track water availability, conduct sanitary inspections, and collect water quality samples to identify risks. We work with our team on the ground to resolve them.

You gave Rugiatu a crucial tool for achieving her dreams: access to clean water. Together, we can excitedly expect that with this precious resource, her enthusiasm and courage will help her fulfill her dreams.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Malokoh Community 3 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Malokoh Community 3 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Hammond Family Foundation
North Dunedin Baptist Church
44 individual donor(s)