Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 125 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2024

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features

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Every day, the 125 community members in this area of Gbaneh Bana struggle to collect enough water to meet their daily needs. Finding water means risking their safety by crossing a busy road to access a well in another part of the community because they do not have an accessible water source of their own.

"The utmost need of this community is easy access to safe and adequate drinking water. The residents of this community are at considerable risk of road accidents during the hours of fetching water from the water well across the busy Port Loko Road," said field officer Philip Allieu.

But the well everyone takes such risks getting to is also overcrowded. Time is wasted standing in line waiting to collect water, especially during the dry season.

"Everyone wants to fetch water early to complete other domestic activities at home. This sometimes led to quarrels, and the pump caretaker would lock the well to restore peace before it could be opened for everyone to fetch water," said field officer Philip.

"The current water condition in this community is particularly challenging for me because I need enough water to do my daily activities. There is a shortage in water every dry season," said 26-year-old petty trader Mariama Yillah, shown above carrying water.

She continued: "The well across is presently the best water for drinking and cooking purposes. That is why everyone rushes to fetch water from it. My children cannot fetch enough water to the house because they are not strong now. I take them across the road to fetch water from the well [because] they are not strong enough to cross the road alone with [a] bucket of water on their heads."

"Every morning, I am worried to fetch water from the well across the road because of [the] high number of people waiting to fetch water," said 15-year-old Mamusu K., shown below. "This has been the reason that I go to school late. If I could not fetch [water] in the morning, I would then fetch water in the afternoon after I had returned home from school. The length of time that I use fetching water every day is not permitting me to concentrate on my schoolwork at home."

Mamusu continued: "When I have a bucket of water on my head going to the house, I sometimes must wait if there is a vehicle coming on [the] highway. This would take a while, which I do not like because the bucket of water on my head becomes heavier as I am waiting to cross the road."

Mariama, as mentioned earlier, is a trader. But sadly, without access to sufficient water promptly, she loses out on business, and her family suffers as a result.

"I always fetch water every morning before going out to trade. During the weekends, I do not trade to make sure that enough water is available at the house and [that] all the laundry is properly completed. The house must be clean," said Mariama.

The people in this community need access to a close, reliable water source that can provide them with sufficient water quickly so they can go about the other important tasks they have for the day, like making an income and attending school.

What We Can Do:

New Well

Where we will be drilling is centrally located and will relieve many people of the long journey to fetch water and the challenge of accessing clean water.

Our team will drive over the LS200 mud rotary drill rig and set up camp for a couple of nights. Once the well is drilled to a sufficient water column, it will be cased, developed, and then tested. If these tests are positive, our mechanics will install a new India Mark II pump.

When we drill this borehole, the community will be provided with plenty of accessible, clean drinking water.


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Community members will learn how to make a hands-free handwashing station called the "tippy-tap." We will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals. We will highlight the need to keep restrooms clean, among many other topics.

This training will also strengthen a water user committee that will manage and maintain this new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

February, 2024: Gbaneh Bana Community Well Complete!

We are excited to share that there is now a safe, reliable borehole well at Gbaneh Bana Community. As a result, community members no longer rely on unsafe water to meet their daily needs. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

Community celebrating their new well!

15-year-old Mamusu K. shared, "Before this project was implemented in our community, my mother used to wake me up very early in the morning to search for water and do all my domestic work before I went to school. I had to cross the highway to go and fetch water. The population at the pump in the morning hour was so high. So, I must wait for my turn to fetch the water. By the time I finished all my work, I would be late for school. Most of the time, I was late to school, and I always faced punishment from my teachers, who would ask me to clean all the school latrines."

She continued: "But now that I have this pump very close to my house, nothing will make me late. I have the opportunity to read my books after school, clean my uniform, and get ready for the next day to [go] back to school. I'm so happy for this water point in my community. I want to thank you for providing safe, pure drinking water in our community."

Mamusu celebrating!

"My educational dreams will now come to pass because I have all the chances to focus on my education. I will not face any punishment from my teachers because of lateness; I am now free from their punishment. Really, water is life! You have brought light [back] into our lives. May God bless you all," she concluded.

Adults were just as excited as the children!

"As a mother, this water point will help me greatly to meet my goals. I have water at my doorstep. In the morning, I will do all my domestic work quickly before I go to the market to sell my vegetables," shared trader Mariama Yillah.

"Before this time, I crossed the street to fetch water at the pump. Our children [had to] cross the highway to fetch water. There were many bikes and trucks on the highway, and sometimes accidents took place. Sometimes, I would ask my children not to cross the highway to fetch water. I preferred them to go to the stream to fetch water. Sometimes, there are many people, and I must wait for my turn to fetch water. It took a lot of time. I sometimes went to the market with my vegetables late. If I go late, I will return late to prepare food for my family. But now all this is over, no more eating late, no more going to the market to sell late," said Mariama.

Mariama excited for clean water!"Now that we have reliable, safe drinking water at our doorstep, all our sufferings are over. This water point has impacted me not to cross the street to fetch water. I will no longer go to the stream to fetch water. Thank God for this safe, pure drinking water. All my plans will come to pass now, like having enough rest. I [will] now observe proper hygiene because hygiene without water is not proper hygiene practice," she continued.

We held a dedication ceremony to officially hand over the well to the community members. Several local dignitaries attended the ceremony, including representatives from Port Loko District Council and the Ministry of Water Resource. Each official gave a short speech thanking everyone who contributed to this water project and reminding everyone to take good care of it. Then, Mamusu and Mariama made statements on their community's behalf. There was a celebration during the handing-over ceremony.

Community members celebrate during the dedication.

Everyone was clapping, singing, dancing, and splashing the water to celebrate. They sang songs in Themne and Krio (local languages) to show gratitude for their community's new safe drinking water. Both young and old rejoiced by dancing to the songs they sang because they were now free from water-related struggles in the community.

New Well

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings and meals for the duration of their stay.

The next day, the team began to drill. We reached a final depth of 24 meters. The team did a soil test and forcefully pumped clean water into the well to remove any dirt and debris from the drilling process.

Next, the team bailed the well and flushed it, clearing any debris generated by the drilling process. This well has a static water level of 12 meters. Finally, we tested the yield to ensure the well would provide clean water with minimal effort at the pump.

Yield test.

As the project neared completion, we built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system around the well to seal it from surface-level contaminants. The drainage system helps to redirect runoff and spilled water to help avoid standing water at the well, which can be uncomfortable and unhygienic and a breeding ground for disease-carrying mosquitoes.

Pad constructed and pump installed!

At last, we installed the pump and conducted a water quality test. The test results showed that this was clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we called and visited the local water user committee to understand the community's challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

Handwashing training.

We also invited a nurse from the local clinic to help explain some topics and spread awareness about Sierra Leone's free vaccinations for children under five.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a three-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, teen pregnancy, worms and parasites, proper dental hygiene, menstrual hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, the importance of using dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and disease transmission and prevention (including COVID-19, Ebola, Hepatitis, H.I.V. and AIDS).

Content Warning: Some of the information below may be upsetting for readers. There are references to violence against women and girls.

The training offered lively and informative sessions. One topic discussed was the practice of female genital mutilation (F.G.M.). The community members didn't believe F.G.M. was a dangerous practice, as it had been part of their culture for a long time. Once the nurse shared the risks associated with the practice, the women were able to see the detrimental consequences to girls and how it can affect their physical and mental health for the rest of their lives.

One brave community member shared her experience as a child. She said, "Many years [ago] when I was a teenager, my mum thought I should be involved in the Bondo Society. This was not my wish because I never wanted to be part of this society. I was forced to join the society. I nearly lost my life that day because there was no chloroform or medicine to relieve the pain. From that day, I sustained wounds that are still affecting me today. Even when I gave birth to my first child, it was painful for me. Therefore, I want us to listen to the advice given to us by the nurse. So that our children will no longer suffer the things we [had to] undergo in times past." The rest of the participants clapped for her after she bravely shared her story and took her seat.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members. When an issue arises concerning the well, community members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In Kenya, Uganda, and Sierra Leone, we're working toward complete coverage. That means reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

December, 2023: Gbaneh Bana Community Well Underway!

The lack of adequate water in Gbaneh Bana Community costs people time, energy, and health every single day. Clean water scarcity contributes to community instability and diminishes individuals’ personal progress.

But thanks to your recent generosity, things will soon improve here. We are now working to install a reliable water point and improve hygiene standards. We look forward to sharing inspiring news in the near future!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!


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