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The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Kids Excited By New Water Point
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Drinking The Safe Water
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Happy
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Thank You Jonah Development
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Yay
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Installation Complete
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Installing The Pipe
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Preparing Pump For Installation
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Fixing The Pipe
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Well Pad Construction And Bricking
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Flushing The Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Laying Concrete For Well Base
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Installation Of Casing Pipes
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Lining Up The Drilling Rod
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Tripod Set Over Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Comedic Performance For Training
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Learning To Construct Handwashing Stations For Home
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Puppet Performance During Trainng
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Students Attending Community Training
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Training Acting Troupe
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Training Attendees
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Hassan M Kamara
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Latrine
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Open Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Open Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Open Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Open Well
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Swamp
The Water Project: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road -  Swamp

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A bustling town has taken over half of Tholmosor, while the other half remains vegetated, swampy, and peacefully rural. On the outskirts you’ll find homes made of mud blocks, while the inside of Tholmosor has more impressive structures.

The livelihoods are just as varied as the environment; some are traders or professionals. Others are fishermen or farmers.

Tholmosor is also unique in that it has the only standard football field in the area. Whenever there’s a competition, it is held at this field. These kinds of activities draw everyone in the community!

Water

There’s one source of clean water in this community of hundreds, found at one of the schools. Unfortunately, that’s quite a long way from many families. Even if it was within walking distance of everyone, it would be way too crowded. The school itself already has more than 400 students enrolled!

The nearby alternatives are unprotected wells (essentially an open hole in the ground) and the swamp. These are essentially the same water source, since all the year-round dug wells are located right by the swamp. When the level of water in the swamp goes down during March, the driest month of the year, these holes are dug to access water.

Both wild and domestic animals access the swamp whenever they need water. People do their laundry right in the swamp, and nearby farms contaminate the water with their fertilizers. Nonetheless, this water is consumed when clean water from the school can’t be accessed. People suffer from cholera and other waterborne diseases after drinking water from the swamp.

Mr. Hassan Kamara is a trader and has witnessed how clean water scarcity affects places beyond Tholmosor.

“If I drink contaminated water, I normally experience diarrhea,” he said. “I will always remember one of my business trips when I drank swamp water near Kambia; I almost lost my life the following night because of the diarrhea.”

Sanitation

Almost all homes have pit latrines located about 15 meters away from the main home. Most of these are filthy, with flies and cockroaches everywhere. Children are allowed to relieve themselves elsewhere; often they fear being near the latrine’s deep pit.

“Our people do not value the things that enable them to live long. I have always insisted on the use of dish racks here, but no one could see the reason it should be installed. An old man like me can do nothing about it now. So our hygiene and sanitation conditions are not encouraging,” Doctor Saidu Kamara said.

Here’s what we plan to do about it:

Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

The hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members the importance of building a hand-washing station, dish racks, and other sanitation facilities. Pictures will be used to teach the community how to discern between healthy and unhealthy hygiene and sanitation practices.

These trainings will also result in a water user committee that manages and maintains the new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Well Rehabilitation

We found an open hand-dug well on Alpha Dabola Road that’s away from the swamp and central to dozens of households in Tholmosor (the one pictured on this report). However, this well is also reported to have low levels during the driest months of the year. Our team has decided to do the hard work of drilling a borehole by hand in the bottom of this well, which will not only increase the water quantity but will ensure its quality, too. A new well pad will keep contaminants out, and a new India MkII stainless steel pump will provide easy and safe access to the clean water inside.

This community has been drinking dirty swamp water and suffering the consequences. With our rehabilitating this open well, Tholmosor Community will be provided with plenty of safe, clean drinking water.


This project is a part of our shared program with Mariatu’s Hope. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Sierra Leone.

Project Updates


05/31/2018: Tholmosor Community, Alpha Dabola Road Project Complete

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point in Tholmosor Community, already providing clean water to families! People here no longer have to rely on dirty water from the swamp. Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines.

New Knowledge

This training took a different approach, unlike the usual Hygiene and Sanitation trainings.

A work plan was prepared. This was a combined training for Tholmossor, Yongoroo, and Kamem communities which was a one-day training with different activities. The planning started with an engagement with the Section chief Pa Alimamy Kargbo Kapen and several consultative meetings were held with the communities involved. A day before the training, a football match took place that attracted many people from the community – providing the opportunity to raise awareness about the event.

The venue for this meeting was Saint Ann Primary School Compound. The compound is not paved and we are currently in the dry season, therefore, we suffer a great deal from dust.

The training was a success!

The agenda was so organized that, there was little or no room for the participants to engage in any other activity. All of the topics discussed had something to do with their everyday life and that interests them the most.

Learning to make handwashing stations

This was a very big program with very strict agenda. The participants got very involved with hands-on activities and games, but remainded quiet and respectful as they listened to the information presented by our trainers.

“This training will change even the lives of the most stubborn people present here today.,” Mr Pa Ensa Mamoud said.

Handwashing demonstration

Dramatizing the hygiene training is new in Mariatu’s Hope. Nevertheless, it was done to perfection and the audience appreciated it very much. What happened was that they made the juxtaposition of good and bad hygiene into a drama. A team member lived in a very dirty compound with open defecation and settled water all around the compound. He falls sick and was taken to the hospital.

The comedy-drama in action

The message was well presented in a drama-comedy form and at the end of the exercise, the audience gave a huge round of applause. The applause proved the audiences’ comprehension and appreciation of the message.

The acting troupe!

Puppets were used by school kids to teach community people about their environmental sanitation. This method also not only caught the attention of kids around, but even elderly people appreciated the puppets.

Of course, puppets are mostly liked by kids. The school population displayed the highest amount of interest when this show was on. Some kids wanted to find out who actually was behind the puppets.

But what was most surprising was the interest we noticed among even the elderly people in seeing the puppets. The puppet show almost stole the entire training!

“We now know the difference between good and bad hygiene. Most of our bad hygiene practices were due to ignorance,” Mr. Mamoud said.

“With this training, I think our attitude towards hygiene will improve drastically. In fact, I am going to ensure that we pass laws in these communities that will help complement your effort.”

Clean Water Restored

Finished pump!

The team of three artisans set up their camping gear near the water point and performed the necessary checks on equipment to get them ready for the next day’s operation. The proceeded to rehabilitate the existing well.

This is how it was done:

Socketing the pipes
Because the sizes of the original sockets are not always appropriate, fire is set to heat pipes that will be used to improvise sockets. The heated pipe fits into the other pipe so that it further opens to create an improvised socket.

Fixing the tripod
Three metal pipes are connected to make a single pod, there are nine of those needed for a tripod. A rope is then passed through a pulley attached to the top end of the tripod. This rope is tied to the bucket auger drill bit to the drilling rod and lowered inside the temporary casing to the bottom of the well.

Finding depth
After the installation of the tripod, the static level and total depth are established. For these levels, the team uses a drop line that has a metal tied to one end. This line is dropped into the well and tied at the frame of the well to indicate the total depth of the well. But from the tied portion of the line to the watermark is the static level. If you subtract the static level from the total depth, you get the water quantity.

Installation of casing pipes
A 6″ casing pipe is fitted into an iron plank and riveted for a firm grip. A nut is then slacked from the plank and a rope tied to the 6″ socket is pulled to allow the pulley to easily lower the pipe into the well. A strong board is laid on top of the pipe and forcefully hit to let it sit tight at the base of the well.

Lining up of drilling rod
These rods are numbered and connected accordingly. A rope is tied to the end of the last rod which will be pulled and released instantaneously so that the drilling bits will dig a borehole into the soil down the well.

Drilling
Firstly, the team has to remove the well hatch cover and lower a temporary 6″ PVC pipe through the open hatch to the bottom of the well. They then connect the bucket auger drill bit to the drilling rod and lower it inside the temporary casing to the bottom of the well.

Each of these drilling rods is 18 feet long. Team members have to pull a rope through a pulley to raise the rods out of the casing so two men can empty the bucket auger. This process continues and the 6″ casing pipe is occasionally hammered down in order to keep the borehole straight.

During drilling, the team encountered clay of two colors which signaled a tough task ahead. They continued drilling and in about two feet, they reached the sand, which is a good sign of water but associated with the possibility of a hole collapsing during drilling.

But this drilling method allows the team to install the hand pump cylinder far below the aquifer. Which means that the community will have a very good access to water. And because the team feared that the pump might encounter debris or sand, because the hole was a little sandy, they suspended the cylinder to two feet above the bottom of the well.

Flushing the well

Screening
4″ casing pipes are laid out to the requisite depth of the well. The casing pipes are the screened, that is, the pipes are given slight slices to make a passage for water. The pipe is then wrapped with empty rice bags all in the bid to help filter any debris.

This screened pipe is slotted into casing pipes and is lowered into the well. About 5 buckets of sand mixed with small stones, called filter packs, is poured in between the two casings. A chain hoist is set up to pull out the temporary casing, leaving the 4′ pipe at the bottom of the well.

Iron rod support
This process requires that iron rod is cemented to the well lining and attached to the casing to support the weight of the PVC and keep it straight from the bottom of the well to the top of the pump base. They weld a collar into the pump base to help support the casing.

Bailing and Yield testing
The hand bailing system requires two people to bail by hand. It is bailed out for three days. It is then yield tested by installing an electrical submersible pump to the depth of the well and pumping for about thirty minutes. They continue pumping for another hour while measuring the amount of water pumped out. They were relieved after the yield test.

Safe Water

The dedication took place in the morning. We sent a message ahead of time to the chief informing him of our visit. By the time we arrived, we met a lot of people around the well area waiting for us.

The adults were called to gather around the well, while the kids were instructed to enter the tap area. They were then reminded of the purpose of the visit.

After that, we engaged them with our usual praise and worship which they were now accustomed to. They then showed a sign of appreciation to the donors with their traditional songs. Photos and short videos were taken it was fun and laughter.

The section chief and headman had to make statements with thanks given messages to the donors and also words of admonishment to the community people.

“This well is a blessing to this community. What I am imagining right now is how much lives Mariatu’s Hope have saved because of providing this water well for this community,” Mr. Pa Alimamy Kapen Kargbo said.

“Yesterday when I looked at the well and reflect on the past when my people would have to go to the swamp to fetch drinking water, I said thanks to God.”

 


The Water Project : sierraleone18259-thank-you-jonah-development


03/19/2018: Tholmosor Community Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage in Tholmosor Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 1-sierraleone18259-swamp


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Jonah Development Corp.