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The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation Success
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Yield Test
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Yield Test
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Flushing
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Flushing
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Drilling
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Raffle Winner
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Tippy Taps
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Making Tippy Taps
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Making Tippy Taps
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Oral Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Hygiene Puppet Show
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Training
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Using Open Water Source
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Rubbish Pit
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Pulling Bucket Of Water Up Well
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Open Water Source
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Interview Adamasay Kamara
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Interview Sheik Alhaji Ahmad Sesay
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Filling Containers With Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Compound
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Community Market
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Clothes Hanging
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Bathing House
The Water Project: Kasongha Community, Kombrai Road -  Abandoned Well

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 11/02/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Kasongha is an emerging community with houses scattered near and far, so many of its people have to trek a huge distance to access the local stream for their water needs.

Some people will utilize pumps and wells in the area, but many opt for the stream since it is open, easy to collect water from and does not require a wait in line.

All of these sources are not reliable when it comes to hundred percent water availability. Both the protected and the unprotected wells are not easily accessible. The overcrowding at the water point will often render people’s efforts fruitless. Both these sources are very controlled and if you arrive at the closing time, even with an advantaged position in the queue, you will not get water.

Water quantity will drop depending on the source and the season. When this uncertainties surface, the people will resort to the packaged water which is almost always available but expensive. And because of the concentration of the people on this source, it is highly prone to contamination.

When these group of people lack safe water and cannot go without water, they will resort to drinking water from contaminated sources. These will result in infection from waterborne diseases which may be fatal to humans.

Also, scarcity will render school-going kids searching for water at all cost. This will result in lateness to school and loss of study time in class thereby reducing students’ overall performance in class.

Hygiene and sanitation are also an issue in this part of the world. But urbanization is impacting some of these societies and it is reflected in the way they handle some of their latrines. The sanitation condition was encouraging in the homes we visited. The latrines (example below) were usually clean and often had handwashing stations nearby.

“Well to me, I can say that we are a little ahead of some other communities regarding sanitation because we are often raided by sanitary officers,” Ms. Adamsay Kamara said.

“And as you can see our compounds are clean, toilets clean with no open defecation. So I am a little pleased with our sanitation condition.”

Kasonga community is half rural and half urban. Which means that some of the houses are cement block self-contain buildings and others are mud brick buildings.

There is very little vegetation in this community because the trees are often cut to make way for new homes. This is not a very populated community, which means that it is less noisy than other areas, especially when the kids go to school.

Livelihoods here mostly depend on vocational trade and the sale of farm produce. Men usually work various jobs and women are often in charge of the farm. Yet, there were few households whose heads are either employed as teachers or at the national airport that is located near the community. But you can count them on your fingers.

Also, some women who cannot withstand the pain that go with farming engage in petty trading to make money for the family.

What we can do:

Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

The hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members the importance of building a handwashing station, dish racks, and other sanitation facilities. Pictures will be used to teach the community how to discern between healthy and unhealthy hygiene and sanitation practices.

These trainings will also result in a water user committee that manages and maintains the new well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Well Rehabilitation

We found an open hand-dug well on Kombrabai Road that’s away from the swamp and central to dozens of households in Kasongha (the one pictured on this report). However, this well is also reported to have low levels during the driest months of the year. Our team has decided to do the hard work of drilling a borehole by hand in the bottom of this well, which will not only increase the water quantity but will ensure its quality, too. A new well pad will keep contaminants out, and a new India MkII stainless steel pump will provide easy and safe access to the clean water inside.

This community has been drinking dirty swamp water and suffering the consequences. With our rehabilitating this open well, Kasongha Community will be provided with plenty of safe, clean drinking water.


This project is a part of our shared program with Mariatu’s Hope. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Sierra Leone.

Project Updates


08/21/2018: Kasongha Community Project Complete

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point in Kasongha Community, already providing clean water to families! People here no longer have to rely on dirty water from the swamp. Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines.

New Knowledge

We normally organize hygiene training sessions for individual communities. However, we were working on water wells in a number of adjacent villages, so we organized for a big group training at DEC Kasongha School. The turnout was huge with over 350 people!

The weather was very hot from the beginning. We rented military camping tents to provide us with some shade, but even that was not enough. Later in the day, the weather became so hot that even the team started to find shade for recovery. Despite the heat, training was successful.

We taught about handwashing and how to build a simple handwashing station called a tippy tap. We used illustrations to point out the differences between good and bad hygiene practices and to teach how germs are spread. We taught about the importance of having hygiene tools like clotheslines and dish racks.

Teaching about thorough handwashing

A student health club we had trained presented a fun puppet show teaching about health topics. They used their animal puppets to talk about almost all of the hygiene training topics. But the part that stood out the most was when the instructors would display a photo and the puppets would explain what that photo depicts.

There were photos of varying good and bad hygiene practices such as a woman bathing her baby, a woman storing water in an uncovered container, another photo depicting somebody sweeping a compound, another photo depicting someone hanging clothes on drying lines. The puppets explained both the good and bad hygiene practices explicitly to the participants. But it was light-hearted as various jokes would trigger spontaneous outbursts of laughter.

We had comedians, actors in skits, and raffles to keep people engaged with the topic. Even the local leaders in attendance seemed interested in what we were teaching!

“Now that you have taught us that handwashing is one of the most important hygiene practices, our kids are developing the practice, although it is coming at a cost. They waste too much water in the process but thank God we now have a well close by. Again I have announced it at the mosque that everyone should try to have a clean toilet and a handwashing station in order to keep clean for our five prayers. And that has taken effect,” shared Sheik Ahmad Sesay.

Building handwashing stations called “tippy taps”

“So little by little, we will try to fix our hygiene and sanitation in this community.”

Clean Water Restored

The first thing the drill team did when they arrived Kasongha was to contact the local leaders. After getting permission to proceed, they set up camp by the well.

Here is how they restored clean, reliable water here:

1. Raise the tripod

2. Find the original depth (for this well, we measured 60 feet)

3. Socket the pipes

4. Install casing

5. Line up the drill rods

6. Drill!

Drilling by hand is always hard labor, but the team experienced a relatively straightforward drill here. It was sand from start to stop, which is a great sign since water flows freely through sand. However, drilling surrounded by sand forces the team to take extra special care that the hole doesn’t collapse. They made it up to 88 feet, adding 28 feet to this well’s original depth.

7. Install screening and filter pack

8. Cement an iron rod to well lining, and fix it with an iron collar at the top

9. Bail the well by hand for three days

10. Test the yield (we got a static water level of 58 feet going at 46.2 liters per minute)

11. Build a cement platform, walls, and drainage system

12. India Mk11 pump installation

The hand-drill method allows the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has great water access throughout the year.

13. Water quality test

The Ministry of Water Resources has verified that this well meets the World Health Organization’s standards for drinking water.

Our field officers returned to Kasongha at the news of finished construction, bringing a boombox so there could be singing and dancing. It was so great to see the imam attend this celebration, taking up a strong role in promoting hygiene and sanitation as well as protecting the water point. People also gathered around to take their first sips of clean water from the rehabilitated water well.

“I am particularly happy for this well because of the timing. Very soon it would be the rainy season when we suffer most from water-related illnesses,” Mrs. Kadiatu Bangura said.

“This well will help reduce the chances of our kids drinking bad water and contracting cholera and diarrhea.”


The Water Project : 39-sierraleone18261-clean-water


06/06/2018: Kasongha Community Project Underway

Dirty water from open sources is making people in Kasongha Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : sierraleone18261-open-water-source


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.



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