Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/12/2023

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

The well in this part of Lungi Town goes dry at the same time every year. As the dry season approaches, the well is under stringent control. The high population coupled with the low levels of water creates massive crowds throughout the day. This is the area's only well. When there's no water available, people have to use alternative sources like the swamp.

These swamps are highly contaminated because they're hotspots for laundry and bathing activities.

Consequently, people spend a lot of time trying to get enough water for household chores. When water is scarce, they sacrifice using water to clean their homes. Children arrive late to school in the morning, and families are up late because it took too long to find water for cooking dinner.

Something needs to be done to ensure this water well in Lungi Town has reliable water every day of every year.

Lungi Town is a rural part of Kaffu Bullom. But there are some more urban homes recently built on the outskirts of this community of 859 people. Most homes are made of mud blocks and are concentrated in clusters. The community’s vegetation is steadily giving way to new homes, electricity poles, and cables. There is electricity available in these parts, but not everyone can afford to have it.

It is also located close to the sea and benefits from the gentle sea wind. So even when the weather is hot, people in this community are still protected by the gentle sea wind.

They have formidable football teams (Bakay FC and Abima FC). The community members are their biggest fans, following their teams to football events all around the area.

Each day in Lungi Town starts with the activity of water fetching. They need water to start the day's activities and to wash up for prayers that start at 5am. Kids are the ones most often sent to find water. Their other chores of washing dishes and sweeping the home should be done before they leave for school. These children go to school at 8am.

Most of the people here are petty traders and gardeners. There are also a few fishermen and vocational tradesmen as well.

We have yet to encounter a challenge in this community. The people’s contribution during this survey was high, and they ensured that we have the data we wanted for the completion of this report. We are very grateful to them for that.

What we can do:


There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

The hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members about the importance of handwashing, building and using dish racks, and other sanitation facilities. Pictures will be used to teach the community how to discern between healthy and unhealthy hygiene and sanitation practices. They will applaud the community for full latrine coverage but will also teach them how to improve by keeping flies out of the pits.

These trainings will also raise up a water user committee to manage and maintain the well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help in solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Well Rehabilitation

We want to work on the well located in the community. Our team has decided to do the hard work of drilling a borehole by hand in the bottom of this well, which will not only increase the water quantity but will ensure its quality, too. A new well pad will keep contaminants out, and a new India MkII stainless steel pump will provide easy and safe access to the clean water inside.

This community has been drinking dirty swamp water and suffering the consequences. With our rehabilitating this open well, the surrounding community will be provided with plenty of safe, clean drinking water.

Project Updates

November, 2019: Giving Update: Lungi Town, 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road

A year ago, your generous donation helped Lungi Town, 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road in Sierra Leone access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lungi. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

January, 2019: Reliable Water for Lungi Town, 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point in Lungi that’s already providing clean water to families! Students and neighboring community members no longer have to rely on dirty water from the swamp. Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines.

Clean Water Restored

Pa Amadu Kamara is a nice old man that is always willing to offer a smile and a cup of water to anybody that visits his home. This restored well is located just a few feet away from his home. In his younger days he was an experienced bricklayer and a proud one at that. In fact, he was part of the team that constructed the big airport in the area. He is very particular and disciplined about the day to day activities that happen around this well. He gets a full dose of exercise while monitoring and taking care of this well.

Pa Alimamy Kamara signs water committee contract for the well

He said he often used to call for repairs for the well because it often broke down or went dry. Now that it is rehabilitated, he no longer has to worry.

"I can rest because there is clean water throughout the year," he said.

The first thing the drill team did when they arrived at 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road in Lungi was to contact local leadership and find a place to camp. They found a good spot for their tents near the construction site.

Pa Amadu, the no-nonsense caretaker, was always the first to get up and arrive at the well and the last to leave. He always appeared with a welcoming smile and a plate of rice for any member of the team.

Here is how they restored clean, reliable water here:

1. Raised the tripod

2. Found the original depth (for this well, we measured 64 feet)

3. Socketed the pipes

4. Installed casing

5. Lined up the drill rods

6. Drilled!

Drilling by hand is always hard work. The first layer of tough sand was encountered after 11 feet of drilling. After the layer of sand was then encountered a clay sand which is a precursor sign of water. It is also a sign of the well collapsing. Another 7 feet was drilled through the clay to come across another texture of clay for 5 feet. The drilling was continued until a total depth of 89 feet was reached.

7. Installed screening and filter pack

8. Cemented an iron rod to well lining, and fixed it with an iron collar at the top

9. Bailed the well by hand for three days

10. Tested the yield

11. Built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system

12. Installed a stainless steel India Mk11 pump

The hand-drill method allows the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has great water access throughout the year.

13. Water quality test

The Ministry of Water Resources has verified that this well meets the World Health Organization’s standards for drinking water.

Upon news of safe water, our team arranged for a celebration with the community. The town chairperson, section chief, councilor and other key members of the community were invited to dedication. The team was welcomed with song and dance to show their gratitude for the work our organization has done.

New Knowledge

The team sent a member to inform this community about a proposed hygiene training session. Pa Alimamy Kamara helped in the recruitment of participants; went to different households and announced with a bull horn the importance of the training. Each and every community member was asked and encouraged to attend and participate in the training.

We hoped that more people would attend, but there will still a lot of people when we arrived. The first training was held under a mango tree not too far from the water well. The persistent African sun and the anticipation of a larger crowd on the second and third day moved the training to the market. We used a shaded market place that is frequented by people in the whole community. The final day of the training was done on a Saturday in hopes of increasing the turnout of the participants. It was a cool and sunny end of the season day. Hot enough to remind you that the dry season is fast approaching.

Training topics included handwashing and how to make a tippy tap handwashing station, good and bad hygiene, disease transmission, tools like dish racks and clotheslines, oral rehydration solution, animal care, latrine use, and pump maintenance. We love using demonstrations and illustrations to teach these things and more.

Laughter erupted when the issue of hand washing was touched, amazed and puzzled to learn there were several methods and techniques associated with handwashing.

The hygiene trainers rubbed glitter on their hands and proceeded to greet some of the participants with a handshake. Everyone there had glitter on their hands! It was then that the participants realized how easy it is to pass on germs.

The only time handwashing is taken seriously is when literally their lives depended on it like during cholera and Ebola epidemics. They found it funny to see the correlation between clean hands and a healthy body.

"The methods of handwashing is going to be practiced at my house to help ensure the safety of my family and me," said Fatmata Fofanah after the training.

"I was present on all the training days so I could learn as much as possible."

The message was well received because of the repeat attendees we had on all the three days training sessions. There were new information and discussions on all the three days to keep them interested enough to have them coming again and again.

January, 2019: Lungi Town Project Underway

Dirty water from open, swampy sources is making people in Lungi Town sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to restore water to a well and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Hand-dug wells have been an important source of water throughout human history! Now, we have so many different types of water sources, but hand-dug wells still have their place. Hand dug wells are not as deep as borehole wells, and work best in areas where there is a ready supply of water just under the surface of the ground, such as next to a mature sand dam. Our artisans dig down through the layers of the ground and then line the hole with bricks, stone, or concrete, which prevent contamination and collapse. Then, back up at surface level, we install a well platform and a hand pump so people can draw up the water easily.

Giving Update: Lungi Town, 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road

November, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped people living near 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road in Lungi, Sierra Leone access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Amadu Kamara. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lungi Town Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lungi Town Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

This water point has improved the lives of the people who live near 112 Alimamy Seray Modu Road in Lungi, Sierra Leone. The people here are very happy about having this project and it is touching lives in every sector of the community, reported our field staff after a recent visit.

“I am so happy for this project in our community because before we used to suffer for good drinking water but now we are free from all the difficulties we use to face. After school, I don’t have to worry about where to fetch water for laundering my uniform because we have it here. And we use the water for drinking and other domestic use,” said Mariama B. Sumah, a 14-year-old student.

After conducting an interview with people living in this community, this project is not only providing safe and clean drinking water to the people living here, but the water is also used for agricultural purposes, molding bricks for house construction, and also a local clinic called Alimamy Seray Modu Health Care Foundation that is 1,000 meters away. This water point serves the clinic by providing water free of charge as their own contribution to promoting hygiene and sanitation in this clinic at any time.

“As you can see people are fetching water peacefully and with happiness because you have given us clean and safe drinking water in this community," said Amadu Kamara, the well's caretaker

"I am so happy for this project in my community. That is why we are doing everything possible to keep the environment clean so that when you come doing your monitoring, everything will be in place showing our gratitude towards the project. We want to bless your team for your effort in this community.”

A young man living in this community decided to establish a car wash station using water collected from the drainage of this well to wash motorbikes. This business is earning him an income to take care of his family on a daily basis. The farmers also use the water that runs through the drainage to water their seedlings before they are ready to be transplanted in their fields.

Water is not wasted in this community, and the people are more than happy (words cannot express their happiness, we heard over and over again) to have this facility. It is touching lives in this community in every aspect.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lungi Town Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Lungi Town Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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