Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/10/2023

Project Features

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Delmoody Street is in the far west of Kaffu Bullom chiefdom and the roads to this community are in 2 contrasting conditions. Half of it is tarred. The other half is rugged with lots of potholes.

This community of 350 people is located close to the army barracks. As a matter of fact, a good number of people here are relatives of military officers. However, civilians contribute about 60% of the total population living in this community.

It is a peaceful place. Most of the buildings here are constructed of some modern quality built from concrete blocks. That does not negate the fact that some buildings are made with locally produced mud blocks with cement plastering. Our teams noted that another good attribute to this community is its vegetation. It is blessed with lots of mango trees in almost every compound.

The most common job here is petty trading. This is done in different methods. Some people go to the city and buy everyday items on wholesale and come back and hawk them in the community. Most of the sale is done on credit. There are others who buy farm produce from farmers in the nearby gardens and they sell it in the nearby community markets.

One common thing is that everyone here rises early. 2 factors are responsible for this: water and work. Traders, farmers, and school kids all wake up early to fetch water so that they can get ready for the day. Since the majority of the population here is Mulsim, most people are awake ahead of the first prayers at 5:00 am.

The school children go to their respective schools and the day’s tasks are determined by their school curriculum. In general, they observe breakfast and lunchtime which are at 10:00 am and 11:30 am respectively. By 2:00, pm all kids should be heading home from school to help with water fetching and some other domestic chores. Still, some others help with street trading and gardening.

The main water source is a well located in an environment that is covered with thick mango trees. The well is located close to the street. This makes it accessible to most people. Every morning, the well caretaker will come out and clean around the well water source.

Unfortunately, the well is not reliable.

The water table for this well is largely determined by the season. Reports of high water quantity are observed in the rainy season and the reverse in the dry season. During the dry season, people must turn to other sources for water. The negative consequence of the safe water scarcity for this community is a high rate of waterborne illnesses during the dry season.

"During the dry season, we cover long distances to neighboring communities to fetch drinking water. This gives us pain," said Sia Koroma, a local petty trader who uses the well.

Packaged water is available for purchase, but not everyone can afford the daily expense. Furthermore, the water itself is not always safe for drinking.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Well Rehabilitation

The well marked for this overhaul needs major work to supply adequate, clean water to the community year-round. The pump will be removed, and a hand auger will be lowered inside and powered by a drill team. This hand auger will allow the team to drill several meters deeper to hit a sufficient water column that will ensure the well supplies water throughout all seasons.

As the team drills, casing will be installed, transforming the bottom of this hand-dug well into a borehole. PVC piping will connect this lower system directly to the pump, a combination that we know will also improve the quality of water.

Once this plan is implemented, everyone within the community will have access to safe drinking water in both quality and quantity, even through the dry months.

Hygiene and Sanitation Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for 3 days in a row.

No handwashing stations were observed here. After our visit, the hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members how to build a tippy tap (a hands-free handwashing station built with a jerrycan, string, and sticks). They will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals to keep them away from people's food and water.

These trainings will also strengthen the water user committee that manages and maintains this well. They enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

April, 2020: #3 DelMoody Street Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into place.

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point at #3 DelMoody Street in Sierra Leone that is already providing clean water to students and neighboring community members!

"This new water point will bring this to a complete state because it will provide clean and safe drinking water in this community," said Mohamed K.Y. Sankoh.

"Our children used to wake up early in the morning to go and fetch water, but with this new water point they don't have to."

We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

Clean Water Restored

The drilling team was conveyed to the site on the company’s vehicle reaching DelMoody Street at approximately 4:30 pm on a Thursday. The team wasted no time but to structure and mount the tripod after they were received by the community leaders. A room was allocated for them to sleep in and to keep their equipment safe. A nearby woman came to their service to be their cook to prepare the rice the team supplied.

We were able to go through the construction process successfully and the drilling went smoothly. These are the steps we took to restore clean, reliable water here:

- Raised the tripod

- Found the original depth

- Socketed the pipes

- Installed casing

- Lined up the drill rods

- Drilled!
We reached a final depth of 17.27 meters with the water at 9.69 meters. The hand-drill method allowed the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has great water access throughout the year.

- Installed screening and filter pack

- Cemented an iron rod to the well lining, and fixed it with an iron collar at the top

- Bailed the well by hand for 3 days and flushed it

- Tested the yield

- Built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system

Yield test

- Installed a stainless steel India Mk11 pump

- Conducted a water quality test

A dedication ceremony was planned to officially hand over the well to the community. It was planned by a few members in the community to bring in the brass band from St. Augustine Secondary School, which is very close by.

The band was constantly playing happily while people were singing along. The military commander Jusu and her military officers came to join in celebrating the handing over of the pump. The well was dressed with a ribbon around it to mark the occasion. Then the cutting of the ribbon was done by the councilor.

New Knowledge

The weather conditions were good for our hygiene and sanitation training with the community. There was a very cool breeze under the mango tree where the participants were seated. The team called on all members of the community to meet under the mango tree closest to the well site. The community members started coming from their various houses and gathered at the well site under the mango tree and sat on the chairs provided by the WaSH committee chairperson. We also enlisted the assistance of the local councilwoman for this area to ensure we had the full participation of the landowner and the community.

In total, more than 110 people attended the training. One of the facilitators started talking to the group about the purpose of hygiene training.

Before conducting any hygiene training, we made repeated phone calls and visits to the local water user committee to better understand the challenges and lack of sanitation facilities in the community. We brought the findings from our baseline survey to the attention of the committee to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training or drilling could commence. When all the necessary guidelines were met, only then did our team of hygiene trainers go to conduct the training.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps; good and bad hygiene; disease transmission and prevention; worms and parasites; proper care of teeth; proper care of the pump; keeping the water clean; the cost recovery system; dishracks and clotheslines; the importance of toilets; keeping the latrine clean; balanced diets; the diarrhea doll; and HIV and AIDS.

The level of participation was so encouraging as both community and military officers were among the training attendees, which made the training so colorful. Most of the questions came from the military officers.

"We learned a lot about how to take care of our homes and environment and to live a healthy life," said Madam Mariatu Bangura.

"The lesson I loved most during the teaching was about the display of the stages of disease transmission which simply identifies how we carelessly handled our food and get contaminated by the animals we have around our home. We really appreciate the positive effort of all your staff in helping us to live a healthy and happy life."

Thank you for making all of this possible!

February, 2020: Tintafor, #1 DelMoody Street project underway!

Dirty water is making people in Tintafor sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute!


Project Sponsor - Swan Smith Family Fund
1 individual donor(s)