Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 185 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/04/2023

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Welcome to Rosint

Rosint is fast becoming an urban area with facilities that are equal to people living in the city. The landscape is beautiful with large trees hovering over the houses making the area very cool and nice for people escaping from the hot sun. The trees are a reminder of the long-forgotten family members who have passed on to the afterlife. The growing population in the community has created a surge in the number of homes being built.

The most common livelihood in this community is planting and selling farm produce. Another money-making source of income is selling plots of land. The land sales bring in a lot of income for the direct descendants of the community. More and more young men are moving away from agriculture and moving to the more glamorous occupation of being a driver or motorcycle operator. As a result, much of the agriculture work is left to the women.

Water Situation

This is the most reliable water source for this community and a nearby school.

The other community well located along Old Town Road in Rosint, Sierra Leone is an unreliable source of water despite being protected. A quarter of the year it is completely dry. It is not deep enough to meet the water need for the more than 185 people who rely on it.

Mariatu Jones is the owner of a school in the area. Her own students often turn to the open well near the school because it is less crowded and more reliable. But the safety of this open, contaminated well remains a risk.

"During the day, the children that attend my school are left with no option but to use the open water well that is inside my compound. I know it is not the best because of the risks associated with contamination," she said.

The students pick the water source that is the most reliable and the most convenient. It is also the least safe.

By choosing this open and untreated source, however, the pupils are exposed to waterborne diseases including dysentery and typhoid that cause them to miss more school time and force their parents to spend money on medicine and hospital visits.

The container used to fetch the water is a 5-gallon rubber bucket cut at the side with a long rope tied to the top. The person fetching water must bend over from the knees with legs spread shoulder-width apart. The filled container is hoisted up a distance of 40 or more feet.

The weight of the water makes it very dangerous for the elderly and children to fetch water from this well. The smaller children stand a high chance of falling into the well when there is no adult to supervise the activity, an incident community members report has been all too real in the past.

Well Rehabilitation

The good news is that there is a solution.

A rehabilitation of the well on Old Town Road will alleviate this community of its water challenges. The pump will be removed, and a hand auger will be lowered inside and powered by a drill team. This hand auger will allow the team to drill several meters deeper to hit a sufficient water column that will ensure the well supplies water throughout all seasons.

As the team drills, casing will be installed, transforming the bottom of this hand-dug well into a borehole. PVC piping will connect this lower system directly to the pump, a construction that we know will also improve the quality of water.

Once this plan is implemented, everyone within the community will have access to safe drinking water in both quality and quantity, even through the dry months. That means that students from Mrs. Jones's school will get their water from the safe well, not the open, dirty source.

Hygiene and Sanitation

The state of hygiene and sanitation is poor in this community with only a few exceptions, report our field staff. In addition to rehabilitating the well, there will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for 3 days in a row to all who are interested in attending.

After our visit, the hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members how to build a tippy tap (a hands-free handwashing station built with a jerrycan, string, and sticks). They will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dishracks and the importance of properly penning in animals to keep them away from human food and water.

These trainings will also strengthen the water user committee that manages and maintains this well. This the group that enforces proper behavior and reports to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates

May, 2020: Lungi, Rosint, #26 Old Town Road Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point at #26 Old Town Road in Sierra Leone that is already providing clean water to students and neighboring community members! We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

"Having a clean and safe source of water in front of my house is going to do wonders for me, for the simplest reason, my mother," said Alhaji Kamara, the Chair of the well's Water User Committee.

Alhaji Kamara

"My mother has been blind for a long period of time, and having water at our doorstep has improved the condition of life for her and me greatly. Throughout the day, the one thing she is always in need of is water. Words can not begin to express what I am feeling in my heart for the people that made all of this possible."

Clean Water Restored

This is how we restored clean, reliable water here:

- Raised the tripod

- Found the original depth

- Socketed the pipes

- Installed casing

- Lined up the drill rods

- Drilled!

We reached a final depth of 18 meters with water at 12 meters. The hand-drill method allowed the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has excellent water access throughout the year.

- Installed screening and filter pack

- Cemented an iron rod to the well lining, and fixed it with an iron collar at the top

- Bailed the well by hand for 3 days and flushed it

- Tested the yield

- Built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system

- Installed a stainless steel India Mk11 pump

Bailing the well.

- Conducted a water quality test

The finished well.

New Knowledge

Before undertaking any hygiene training, we made repeated phone calls and visits to the local water user committee to understand better the challenges and lack of sanitation facilities in the community. We brought the findings from our baseline survey to the attention of the committee to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training or drilling could commence. Our team of hygiene trainers goes to conduct the training when a community meets all of the required guidelines.

Applause during training (conducted before social distancing)

Our organizational goal is to have every household surveyed to send a representative to the training. The training was held under a tree to hide from the hot and humid dry season sun. The different households had to come along with their own chairs and scrambled to be under the shade.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps; good and bad hygiene; disease transmission and prevention; worms and parasites; proper care of teeth; adequate care for the pump; keeping the water clean; the cost recovery system; dish racks and clotheslines; the importance of toilets; keeping the restroom clean; balanced diets; the diarrhea doll; and HIV and AIDS.

Handwashing training (conducted before social distancing)

As it stands, the new virus that has gotten its grip and has created a stir in the world is the Coronavirus. Immediate silence fell in the room at the mention of another virus. As a nation, we know what we went through a few years ago with Ebola and the number of lives lost. At the top of most of these viruses is the importance of handwashing and proper hygiene practices. Out of the entire group of participants, only a handful had heard of this new virus. The training topics therefore had an extra incentive for people to participate and learn due to the emerging pandemic.

Handwashing training (conducted before social distancing)

"I am very grateful and honored to have participated because I have learned a lot of new things which I am going to implement at my home," shared Alhaji Kamara after the training.

Participants show the disease transmission story posters (conducted before social distancing)

"I will try my best to help enlighten the community about all the topics taught and how we as a community are going to work together to accomplish this task."

Thank you for making all of this possible!

April, 2020: Rosint, #26 Old Town Road project underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Rosint, #26 Old Town Road in Lungi, Sierra Leone drains community members' time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute!

A Year Later: Easier Water Access for Children!

February, 2022

A year ago, your generous donation helped Rosint Community in Sierra Leone access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Bintu. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Rosint Community 2.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rosint Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Bintu, a 14-year-old girl in Rosint, shared how difficult it was for her to find water before the community well was rehabilitated last year. "It was challenging and painful [for] me and, I believe, all the children living in this community. I had to fetch water from this well using [an] old container and rope. I had to go [to another] community for water when this one dried up in the dry season. Or I [had to] go to the stream, which was very muddy. Sometimes, the water was very dirty with earthworms underneath the water and other dead animals in the dry season."

Now that she has access to a water point that provides clean water, she commented on the difference it has made in her life. "I am very excited for having such [an] opportunity in my community for the first time. It is a dream come true. It has impacted my life in easing the burden of going to the stream and in a neighboring community. Clean and safe drinking water is accessible and available throughout the year."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rosint Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Rosint Community 2 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.