Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 463 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 11/28/2022

Project Features


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Karma DEC Primary School had a functioning hand-dug well until two years ago, when it began to suffer from seasonal drying and overuse. The broken pump has since been removed. For the intervening two years, the 463 students and staff of the school have had to collect water from a tiny, contaminated swamp behind the school. The water is yellow and awful-tasting. There is no protection from animals defecating near the source, and it is full of worms, toads, and frogs.

Field Officer, Phillip Allieu, noted, "I felt pity when I saw the condition of the swamp water well that the school and community is drinking. The swamp water has similar conditions to those we used to drink in the bush during the civil war. At those moments, we had no choice but to drink any water we would be fortunate to get."

Children and teachers alike are getting sick with diarrhea and stomach problems. Many are testing positive for typhoid fever from drinking the contaminated water of the swamp (shown above).

Teacher Alimamy Kamara (pictured above), 51,  said, "Due to the current dry season, all our water wells are dried, except for the one at the swamp. This is the only sustainable water well we are getting drinking water [from] now. Drinking the swamp well water is making me sick sometimes, but it is the only affordable choice I have."

He continued, "The only choice besides the swamp water well is the packet water at Petifu Junction market for sale. I cannot afford to buy it often because I do not have money to sustain it. Since the school water well is broken-down, there is always a huge water shortage at this school for everyone."

"I wake up early in the morning to prepare for school because I must join my friends to fetch water from the swamp before and during school. We sometimes wait for the water to get settled or clean before fetching because the water gets filthy when two or more people fetch water from the well at the same time," said 13-year-old student Fatmata K., collecting water from the swamp above.

She continued, "It is far to reach the swamp, and the area [is] bushy with snakes around. When we see a snake at the swamp, we will run back to the school and later go together with the teacher to fetch water."

The students and staff of DEC Karma Primary need a reliable, accessible, clean water source right on their campus that will allow their health to improve and for them to spend their time and energy learning.

Here's what we're going to do about it:

Well Rehabilitation

The well marked for this overhaul is dry for a few months every year and needs major work to supply adequate, clean water to the community year round. The pump will be removed, and a hand auger will be lowered inside and powered by a drill team. This hand auger will allow the team to drill several meters deeper to hit a sufficient water column that will ensure the well supplies water throughout all seasons.

As the team drills, casing will be installed, transforming the bottom of this hand-dug well into a borehole. PVC piping will connect this lower system directly to the pump, a construction that we know will also improve the quality of water.

Once this plan is implemented, everyone within the community will have access to safe drinking water in both quality and quantity, even through the dry months.

Hygiene and Sanitation Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

After our visit, the hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members how to build a tippy tap (a hand-washing station built with a jerrycan, string, and sticks). They will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals.

These trainings will also strengthen the water user committee that manages and maintains this well. They enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates


10/06/2022: DEC Karma Primary School Well Rehabilitation Project Complete!

We are excited to share that a safe, reliable water point at DEC Karma Primary School in Sierra Leone is now providing clean water to students and neighboring community members! We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training, which focused on healthy practices such as handwashing and using latrines.

"There was no water at the school to drink during [our] lunch break after I had eaten my food," said 14-year-old student Fatmata K. "It was also not easy to get water to use the larine. The school water well was not providing water for us to drink. My colleagues and I used to fetch water from the swamp to the school. It was very hard to fetch water from the swamp because of the long distance and the dangerous area."

Fatmata pumps water at the rehabilitated well.

"My friends would be in the classroom attending lessons while we were going to fetch water from the swamp," Fatmata continued. "I could not get the complete lesson notes after I had returned to the class after fetching water from the swamp. Therefore, sometimes I found it hard to write well in examinations. It is good that the school water well is now working. It is now easy to fetch water from the school water well to my classroom or to use the latrine. I am happy because the school water well is providing enough clean water for us to drink even when we are in the classroom. I will not struggle for water at this school anymore."


Students aren't the only ones excited about the rehabilitated well.

"I was frustrated by the water situation in this school," said 51-year-old teacher Alimamy Kamara. "As a head teacher at this school, it was not easy for me to manage the water crisis of the school. I was worried about the proper use of the sanitation facilities in the school and the provision of pure drinking water to the pupils and other staff of the school."

Alimamy celebrates with students.

"I was especially worried about the safety of the pupils who used to go to the swamp to collect water," Alimamy continued. "My time to teach and to attend to other official duties were very limited because I paid more attention to the pupils and trying to make sure that they are safe by preventing them from going to the swamp in search of water by themselves. This made my job very difficult because there was no source of income to rehabilitate the school water well since it was broken down until [you did] it for us."

Alimamy, left, splashes water with other teachers.

Alimamy is doubly excited because he used to dip into his own wallet to supplement the school's water supply. Now, he can save that money for his family.

"It sometimes [became] unbearable for me when there was no water for the staff and the pupils to drink," Alimamy explained. "This sometimes urged me to buy a bundle of pure water from street vendors. I personally could not afford to provide money to buy a bundle of pure drinking water every day because it [would] economically deprive my family from getting the daily livelihood from the small amount of money that I get. It is now a great moment for me, receiving the school water well in a good working condition. My worries about [the] water shortage in this school [are] over."

Alimamy has a vision of improved hygiene and sanitation facilities for the school now that there is enough water.

"Now that the school water well is in good working condition, everyone in the school [will be] privileged to get water at any time easily," Alimamy said. "There will now be enough water [for the] buckets [in] the various classrooms for drinking, and the handwashing stations will also be filled with enough water to use."

We held a dedication ceremony to officially hand over the well to the community members. Several local dignitaries attended the ceremony, including representatives from the Port Loko District Council and the Ministry of Water Resources. Each official gave a short speech thanking everyone who contributed to the rehabilitation of the water project and reminding everyone to take good care of it. Then, Fatmata and Alimamy made statements on their community's behalf. The ceremony concluded with celebration, singing, and dancing.

Clean Water Restored

The drill team arrived the day before beginning work. They set up camp and unpacked all their tools and supplies to prepare for drilling the next day. The community provided space for the team to store their belongings and meals for the duration of their stay. The following day, the work began.

First, we raised the tripod, the structure we use to hold and maneuver each drilling tool. Next, we measured the well's original depth. We then socketed the pipes and installed a casing.

Finally, we lined up the drill rods and started to drill! We reached a final depth of 14 meters with water at eight meters. The hand-drill method allowed the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community has excellent water access throughout the year.

With drilling complete, we installed screening and a filter pack to keep out debris when the water is pumped. We then cemented an iron rod to the well lining and fixed it with an iron collar at the top.

Next, we bailed the well by hand for three days and flushed it, clearing any debris generated by the drilling process. Finally, we tested the yield to ensure the well would provide clean water with minimal effort at the pump.

As the project neared completion, we built a new cement platform, walls, and drainage system around the well to seal it off from surface-level contaminants. The drainage system helps to redirect runoff and spilled water to help avoid standing water at the well, which can be uncomfortable and unhygienic and a breeding ground for disease-carrying mosquitoes.

At last, we installed the pump and conducted a water quality test. The test results showed that this was clean water fit for drinking!

New Knowledge

Before conducting any hygiene training, we called and visited the local water user committee to understand the community’s challenges and lack of sanitation facilities. We shared the findings from our discussions with the committee members to help them make the necessary adjustments before the training began. For example, we identified households without handwashing stations or ones that may need to repair their latrines. With this information, community members worked together to improve hygiene and sanitation at home.

After this preparatory period, we scheduled a time when members from each household using the water point could attend a three-day hygiene and sanitation training. We then dispatched our teams to the agreed-upon location to hold the meeting.

First, we trained the teachers for three days. Then, on the fourth day, they passed their newfound knowledge along to their students.

Training topics covered included handwashing and tippy taps, good and bad hygiene habits, disease transmission and prevention, COVID-19, worms and parasites, dental hygiene, proper care of the well's pump, keeping the water clean, the cost recovery system, dish racks and clotheslines, the importance of toilets, keeping latrines clean, balanced diets, the diarrhea doll, and HIV and AIDS.

One of the most memorable topics was disease transmission, during which we asked participants to arrange pictures of the stages of infection in chronological order. The students really enjoyed this exercise, crowding around the illustrations to ensure they could share their input.

One of the illustrations depicts flies going from a pile of feces to some food being prepared, spreading bacteria to those eating. Upon seeing this, a teacher named Mohamed Bangura shared a personal story with the training facilitators and his students: he had gone to a food vendor in an unfamiliar city. It tasted delicious, so he asked for more, but on the second plate, there was a cockroach in his rice. Later, he experienced a great deal of stomach upset that had to be treated at the local health center. Thankfully, this reinforced the lesson with the children that food should be covered and stored properly to protect it from contamination.

When we asked Mohamed what he thought of the training, he said: "The training is valuable to me because I can understand the causes of getting worms and parasites. Initially, I always had this perception that eating fish, mango, and palm nut [would] make one get worms. Now, I am aware that worms and parasites can be transmitted by drinking contaminated water or food, [and] walking barefoot, especially in dirty areas."

"I have learned a lot on hygiene practices, like [the] importance of covering food, always [ensuring] to wash our hands with soap and clean water, and the importance of cutting our fingernails," Mohamed continued. "The knowledge I received will enable me to take precautions on the things that I am doing presently in my daily life. I will make sure that I use these lessons to sensitize my pupils about the effect of bad hygiene practices in their various houses. Thank you for bringing light to our lives."

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, community members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!




08/23/2022: DEC Karma Primary School Well Rehabilitation Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at DEC Karma Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!




Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Estate of Ms. Malo
1 individual donor(s)