Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 750 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2023

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


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Community Profile

With water as scarce and far away as it is, it's no wonder the people of Kyamaiso quarrel over water.

"As a chairperson of [the] local council, at least every week I have an offense to resolve as a result of a fight connected to [the] water point," said Christopher Asiimwe, 57, who leads the village council. "The water point has no resting time since the community has to draw water as late as 10:00 p.m. so that every home receives at least 40 liters of water to take them through the day."

Most often, children are sent to fetch water for their families early in the morning, but they won't return until midday, and they might return without any water, or even the container they left with. Parents often accuse their children of being irresponsible. But this isn't the case.

"Most times, the children fail to get water due to the crowding," Christopher explained. "The elder people overpower the children at the water point."

This was echoed by 11-year-old Lampard, who fetches water for his family (shown at the well in the picture above). "As a child, while at the water point, the elder people don't like queuing who end up using force to draw water and this increases on our time spent at the water point, other children and elder people steal our jerrycans while at the source."

The fighting, coupled with the long distance, makes acquiring water an incredibly unpleasant experience for Lampard. From his home, the main well is three kilometers (1.86 miles) away.

"I have always encountered challenges moving long distances," Lampard said. "[It] takes me about four hours, including waiting time. Though I use a bicycle to collect water, the nature of our road is bad, with a steep slope. I remember last week when I fell with the bicycle and all the jerrycans got broken and my parents beat me."

As difficult as fetching water is for Lampard, it's also difficult for a household to run without water. Beatrice Ayesiga, a 37-year-old single mother with five children (three girls and two boys), knows this all too well.

"I had started my agricultural farming project, which did not succeed due to the water challenge," said Beatrice (shown above on the path to fetch water). "All my birds and pigs died because I had challenges finding water for mixing their feeds, and even [for] drinking. I did not complete the poultry house, too."

Beatrice told us that when she had just given birth at home, she had no one to fetch water or do laundry for her until she'd healed. So her newborn's bedding went without washing for an entire week.

"Due to overcrowding and the long distances to and from the water point, including the queue time, I have to use water sparingly as I only manage to get two 20-liter jerrycans per day for all the domestic work," Beatrice explained.

A close, reliable source of safe water will serve to lessen the desperation in Kyamaiso, which will hopefully help people be kinder to one another. Beatrice and Lampard's lives will be immediately easier, and their health will improve.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

New Borehole

This new borehole is an exciting opportunity for this community! We work with the community to determine the best possible sites for this well.

We conducted a hydrogeological survey and the results indicated the water table is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this community, even through the dry months.

Community members will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by community members for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

Training

Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household) prior to the pump installation for this borehole well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, a handwashing facility, a separate structure for animals, a rubbish pit and a drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that the current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation – are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use them, and demand that other households do the same.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Project Updates


01/03/2023: Kyamaiso Kyamunyweri Borehole Well Complete!

A new borehole well drilled in Kyamaiso Kyamunyweri Community, Uganda is already providing community members with clean, safe water! Additionally, we hosted a training where community members worked together to make a development action plan for their area. As a result, families are working to build new sanitation and hygiene facilities, tools, and habits that will help improve their living standards and enable a healthier life.

"I really have been very excited, right from the initiation of the [water project] proposal, towards the construction of this water point, 'til now that we have water," said 36-year-old housewife and farmer Caroline Asaba.

Caroline at the new well.

"The borehole has saved us from the long distance we used to walk to the neighboring villages, up to four kilometers away, to collect water," Caroline continued. "Due to the very long distance, we would sometimes opt to buy water, which was very expensive to afford, but now that we have our own, [I] am able to save this money on monthly basis toward the maintenance of this water point and with the initiation of the savings group this will highly improve on my financial status as compared to before."

"This water point is going to boost our household incomes since I am planning to engage in kitchen backyard gardening during [the] dry seasons now that we have enough water to even irrigate our crops," Caroline concluded. "I plan to borrow some money from the savings group to support my start-up, a petty trading business, which will support me [to] raise money to pay fees for my kids alongside other projects like piggery and poultry [farming] since I can now easily access water."

Kids were just as excited as adults about the new borehole.

"I am the only one who collects water at home since I can ride a bicycle," said 14-year-old Stewart B. "This water point is going to save me time since I will no longer have to ride long distances to look for water, which was very tiresome. Besides, my personal hygiene has improved since [I] am able to wash my uniforms on [a] daily basis, and I no longer go to school late like before."

Stewart.

He continued: "This water point will help me improve in my academic performance since I no longer go to school late, and during holidays, I plan to support my parents to [water] the gardens since we now have access to enough water."

We held a dedication ceremony involving the members of the water and sanitation committee together with a few community members. The village chairperson gave a brief speech thanking everyone for providing them with a new water point.

New Borehole

We worked with the community to determine the best possible site to drill this new well. We confirmed the site's eligibility by conducting a hydrogeological survey, which proves that the water table belowground is at a sustainable level before drilling begins.

Several households volunteered to host our team of drilling technicians, giving them a place to sleep and food to eat throughout their work. Many community members also came to the work site each day to watch the drilling and see the well come to life.

When it came time to build the cement well pad, community members found fine sand and water to mix the cement. After the cement platform dried, we installed a stainless steel Consallen pump, which is now flowing with clean, safe water!

Pump installation.

Training

The self-help group associated with the project was set up and began training in advance of selecting this project.

The first training session focused on financial planning. We mobilized the community through a series of meetings that sensitized them on the importance and purpose of saving. This included meetings dedicated to creating a community profile, where participants map the physical environment and stakeholders in their own community. We also ran a participatory vulnerability capacity assessment exercise. In this session, community members mapped out their shared risks and opportunities, including the water point breaking down.

Participants learning. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Next, we scheduled the savings group training date with the community. We planned for a one-day training to form the savings group and discuss the best practices for maintaining and managing it.

We worked with the community to establish a Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and a water user committee. The savings group set up a fund to provide small loans to each other and another fund they will use to pay for any repairs to the well if an issue arises. The group also agreed on a social fund that will provide grants to fellow group members and help them with funeral expenses or catastrophes such as fire damage. Our teams will provide follow-up training to support putting the savings group into practice while also offering continuous coaching in records management.

Participant engagement is key. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Additional training sessions will happen in the near future focused on hygiene and sanitation at the personal, household, community, and environmental levels. In collaboration with the community facilitator and local leaders, we will train households on critical hygiene and sanitation facilities to build. These include latrines, dish racks, refuse pits, handwashing facilities, and bathing shelters. Our teams monitor these facilities’ construction while helping the community learn how to best use and care for them.

Finally, we will lead an additional training for local artisans to teach them how to fabricate and sell locally used and accepted sanitation products that allow for more hygienic and accessible latrines.

Just as with the financial training, we will continue to support the community in their sanitation and hygiene progress through monitoring visits. In addition, we will offer follow-up assistance and refresher training to ensure community members follow through in building their new facilities and developing new habits.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!




11/08/2022: Kyamaiso Kyamunyweri Community Well Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Kyamaiso Kyamunyweri Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!




Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors

Sandcastle Giving Fund
The Harmonist
Troscinski Family Revocable Living Trust
West Woods 2021-22 Campaign for Water
60 individual donor(s)